Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, a hybrid normal-reverse prism coupler was formed on the bottom surface of a light guide in a LED backlight system to achieve a thin, lightweight, LED backlight system. The hybrid prism coupler (HPC) simultaneously exhibits two functions: extraction of guided light from the light guide and focusing the radiated light from the light guide, corresponding to the optical functions of the prism and diffusive sheets used in conventional LED backlight systems. Therefore, using a HPC eliminates the prism and diffusive sheets that have been indispensable optical elements in conventional LED backlight systems, which consequently reduces the thickness of the LED backlight system by 40% compared with conventional systems.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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