Abstract

Microwave discharge of a Cl2He mixture as a simple, clean and efficient Cl atom generator was used for an all gas-phase iodine laser study. Sufficient NCl(a1Δ) was produced through the reaction of HN3+2ClNCl(a1Δ)+HCl+N2. The energy transfer reaction of I(P322)+NCl(a1Δ)I(P122)+NCl(X3Σ) was observed. A population inversion was observed directly by using a 1315nm tunable diode laser by scanning the entire line shape of the (3,4) hyperfine transition of iodine, and a small signal gain of 5×10-5cm-1 was obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. T. Yang and R. D. Bower, "I(2P1/2) produced from the energy transfer from NCl(a1Delta) to I(2P3/2)," in High-Power Gas Lasers, Proc. SPIE 1225, 430-439 (1990).
  2. J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).
  6. W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.
  7. A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.
  8. X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. C. Manke II and D. W. Setser, "Kinetics of NCl(a and b) generation: the Cl + N3 rate constant, the NCl(a1Delta) product branching fraction, and quenching of NC(a) by F and Cl atoms," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7257-7266 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).
  11. K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "An I* Laser Pumped by NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7849-7852 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. D. Coombe and M. H. Van Benthern, "Radiative rates of singlet-triplet transitions in nitrogen halide diatomics," J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2984-2990 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Collisional quenching of NCl(a1Delta) and the chain decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8940-8945 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Yarkony, "On the radiative lifetime of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states in NCl," J Chem. Phys. 86, 1642-1643 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. C. Becker and U. Schurath, "Matrix-isolated NCl radiative rates for b1Pi +--> a1Delta, b1Sigma +--> X3Sigma - and a1Delta --> X3Sigma - in solid argon," Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 586-590 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.
  27. A. V. Komissarov and M. C. Heaven, "Quenching of I(2P1/2) by Cl2 and Cl atoms over the temperature range 297-663 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 10527-10532 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Energy Transfer from NCl(alA) to Iodine Atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 3475-3479 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. T. Yang, "Enhancement of NCl(b1Sigma) by excited iodine I(52P1/2)," in Intense Beams and Applications: Lasers, Ions, and Microwaves, W. E. McDermott, ed., Proc. SPIE 2119, 122-131 (1994).
  30. E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

2003 (3)

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Komissarov and M. C. Heaven, "Quenching of I(2P1/2) by Cl2 and Cl atoms over the temperature range 297-663 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 10527-10532 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

1998 (2)

G. C. Manke II and D. W. Setser, "Kinetics of NCl(a and b) generation: the Cl + N3 rate constant, the NCl(a1Delta) product branching fraction, and quenching of NC(a) by F and Cl atoms," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7257-7266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "An I* Laser Pumped by NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7849-7852 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Collisional quenching of NCl(a1Delta) and the chain decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8940-8945 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Yang, "Enhancement of NCl(b1Sigma) by excited iodine I(52P1/2)," in Intense Beams and Applications: Lasers, Ions, and Microwaves, W. E. McDermott, ed., Proc. SPIE 2119, 122-131 (1994).

1993 (2)

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Energy Transfer from NCl(alA) to Iodine Atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 3475-3479 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Yang and R. D. Bower, "I(2P1/2) produced from the energy transfer from NCl(a1Delta) to I(2P3/2)," in High-Power Gas Lasers, Proc. SPIE 1225, 430-439 (1990).

1989 (1)

A. C. Becker and U. Schurath, "Matrix-isolated NCl radiative rates for b1Pi +--> a1Delta, b1Sigma +--> X3Sigma - and a1Delta --> X3Sigma - in solid argon," Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 586-590 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Yarkony, "On the radiative lifetime of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states in NCl," J Chem. Phys. 86, 1642-1643 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. D. Coombe and M. H. Van Benthern, "Radiative rates of singlet-triplet transitions in nitrogen halide diatomics," J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2984-2990 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, B. T.

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, A. J. R.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Becker, A. C.

A. C. Becker and U. Schurath, "Matrix-isolated NCl radiative rates for b1Pi +--> a1Delta, b1Sigma +--> X3Sigma - and a1Delta --> X3Sigma - in solid argon," Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 586-590 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Benard, D. J.

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Berman, M. R.

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bettendorff, M.

M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Booth, N. J.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bower, R. D.

T. T. Yang and R. D. Bower, "I(2P1/2) produced from the energy transfer from NCl(a1Delta) to I(2P3/2)," in High-Power Gas Lasers, Proc. SPIE 1225, 430-439 (1990).

Brewood, G.

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Canosa-Mass, C. E.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, M. A.

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Coombe, R.

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

Coombe, R. D.

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "An I* Laser Pumped by NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7849-7852 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Collisional quenching of NCl(a1Delta) and the chain decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8940-8945 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Energy Transfer from NCl(alA) to Iodine Atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 3475-3479 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Coombe and M. H. Van Benthern, "Radiative rates of singlet-triplet transitions in nitrogen halide diatomics," J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2984-2990 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, C. B.

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, E. S. N.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Crowell, P. G.

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

Dass, S. C.

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davis, S. J.

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Exton, D. B.

D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Galbally, K. L.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Gilbert, J.

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

Gilbert, J. V.

R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gray, D. J.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hager, G. D.

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

Haggquist, G. W.

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, N.

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heaven, M. C.

A. V. Komissarov and M. C. Heaven, "Quenching of I(2P1/2) by Cl2 and Cl atoms over the temperature range 297-663 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 10527-10532 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Henshaw, T. L.

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

Herbelin, J. M.

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herrera, S. D.

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hewett, K. B.

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, W. J.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Klotz, R.

M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Komissarov, A. V.

A. V. Komissarov and M. C. Heaven, "Quenching of I(2P1/2) by Cl2 and Cl atoms over the temperature range 297-663 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 10527-10532 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, Z.

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

Langen, J.

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, M. A.

X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Madden, T. J.

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

Maddenet, T. J.

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

Manke, G. C.

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

G. C. Manke II and D. W. Setser, "Kinetics of NCl(a and b) generation: the Cl + N3 rate constant, the NCl(a1Delta) product branching fraction, and quenching of NC(a) by F and Cl atoms," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7257-7266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

McDermott, W. E.

T. T. Yang, "Enhancement of NCl(b1Sigma) by excited iodine I(52P1/2)," in Intense Beams and Applications: Lasers, Ions, and Microwaves, W. E. McDermott, ed., Proc. SPIE 2119, 122-131 (1994).

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

Nizamov, B.

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

Oberhoffer, H. M.

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Peyerimhoff, S. D.

M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rafferty, B. D.

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ray, A. J.

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "An I* Laser Pumped by NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7849-7852 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Collisional quenching of NCl(a1Delta) and the chain decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8940-8945 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Energy Transfer from NCl(alA) to Iodine Atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 3475-3479 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schlie, L. A.

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schurath, U.

A. C. Becker and U. Schurath, "Matrix-isolated NCl radiative rates for b1Pi +--> a1Delta, b1Sigma +--> X3Sigma - and a1Delta --> X3Sigma - in solid argon," Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 586-590 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schwenz, R. W.

R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seder, T. A.

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Setser, D. W.

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II and D. W. Setser, "Kinetics of NCl(a and b) generation: the Cl + N3 rate constant, the NCl(a1Delta) product branching fraction, and quenching of NC(a) by F and Cl atoms," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7257-7266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shallcross, D. E.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tate, R. F.

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Van Benthern, M. H.

R. D. Coombe and M. H. Van Benthern, "Radiative rates of singlet-triplet transitions in nitrogen halide diatomics," J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2984-2990 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vu, D.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

Wayne, R. P.

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winker, B. K.

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wodtke, A. M.

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

Yang, T. T.

T. T. Yang, "Enhancement of NCl(b1Sigma) by excited iodine I(52P1/2)," in Intense Beams and Applications: Lasers, Ions, and Microwaves, W. E. McDermott, ed., Proc. SPIE 2119, 122-131 (1994).

T. T. Yang and R. D. Bower, "I(2P1/2) produced from the energy transfer from NCl(a1Delta) to I(2P3/2)," in High-Power Gas Lasers, Proc. SPIE 1225, 430-439 (1990).

Yarkony, D.

D. Yarkony, "On the radiative lifetime of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states in NCl," J Chem. Phys. 86, 1642-1643 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Bettendorff, R. Klotz and S. D. Peyerimhoff, "Electronic structure of the radicals NF and NCl. III. The radiative lifetimes of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states," Chem. Phys. 110, 315-327 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (5)

R. W. Schwenz, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "NCl(a1Delta) and I(52P1/2) production in a D/NCl3/HI transverse flow reactor," Chem. Phys. Lett. 207, 526-530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Becker and U. Schurath, "Matrix-isolated NCl radiative rates for b1Pi +--> a1Delta, b1Sigma +--> X3Sigma - and a1Delta --> X3Sigma - in solid argon," Chem. Phys. Lett. 160, 586-590 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Herbelin, T. L. Henshaw, B. D. Rafferty, B. T. Anderson, R. F. Tate, T. J. Madden, G. C. Manke II, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain on the 1.315 um transition of atomic iodine in a subsonic flow of chemically generated NCl(a1Delta)," Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 583-588 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, M. R. Berman, and G. D. Hager, "A new energy transfer chemical laser at 1.315 um," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 537-544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Hansen, A. M. Wodtke, A. V. Komissarov, and M. C. Heaven, "Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 203 nm: the NCl(a/x) product branching ratio," Chem. Phys. Lett. 368, 568-573 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. C. Manke II, C. B. Cooper, S. C. Dass, T. J. Madden, and G. D. Hager, "A multiwatt all gas-phase iodine laser (AGIL)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 995-1002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J Chem. Phys. (2)

A. C. Becker, J. Langen, H. M. Oberhoffer, and U. Schurath, "Spectra, lifetimes, and kinetics of matrix-isolated NI b1Sigma+ and a1Delta," J Chem. Phys. 84, 2907-2916 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Yarkony, "On the radiative lifetime of the b1Sigma+ and a1Delta states in NCl," J Chem. Phys. 86, 1642-1643 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. D. Coombe and M. H. Van Benthern, "Radiative rates of singlet-triplet transitions in nitrogen halide diatomics," J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2984-2990 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (6)

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Collisional quenching of NCl(a1Delta) and the chain decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8940-8945 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Exton, J. V. Gilbert, and R. D. Coombe, "Generation of exited NCl by the reaction of hydrogen atoms with NCl3," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 2692-2696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Benard, M. A. Chowdhury, B. K. Winker, and T. A. Seder, "Production of NCl(a1Delta) by thermal decomposition of ClN3," J. Phys. Chem. 94, 7507-7514 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "An I* Laser Pumped by NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7849-7852 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, M. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Coombe, "Rates of reactions of N3 with F, Cl, Br, and H atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4907-4912 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ray and R. D. Coombe, "Energy Transfer from NCl(alA) to Iodine Atoms," J. Phys. Chem. 97, 3475-3479 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (6)

A. V. Komissarov and M. C. Heaven, "Quenching of I(2P1/2) by Cl2 and Cl atoms over the temperature range 297-663 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 10527-10532 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Manke II and D. W. Setser, "Kinetics of NCl(a and b) generation: the Cl + N3 rate constant, the NCl(a1Delta) product branching fraction, and quenching of NC(a) by F and Cl atoms," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7257-7266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Hewett, G. C. Manke II, D. W. Setser, and G. Brewood, "Quenching rate constants of NCl(a1Delta) at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 539-551 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, and L. A. Schlie, "Temperature dependence of the NCl(a1Delta) + I(2P3/2) reaction from 300 to 482 K," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 6239-6246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Henshaw, S. D. Herrera, G. W. Haggquist, and L. A. Schlie, "Kinetics of NCl(a1Delta) via photodissociation of CIN3," J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 4048-4056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Komissarov, G. C. Manke II, S. J. Davis, and M. C. Heaven, "Rate constants for quenching and self-annihilation of NCl(a1Delta)," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 8427-8434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. S. N. Cotter, N. J. Booth, C. E. Canosa-Mass, D. J. Gray, D. E. Shallcross, and R. P. Wayne, "Reactions of Cl atoms with CH3I, C2H5I, 1-C3H7I, 2-C3H7I and CF3I: kinetics and atmospheric relevance," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3, 402-408 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. (1)

G. C. Manke II, T. L. Henshaw, T. J. Maddenet, and G. D. Hager, "Temperature dependence of the Cl + HN3 reaction from 300 to 480 K," Phys. Lett. 310, 111-120 (1999).

Other (6)

G. C. Manke II, T. J. Madden, C. B. Cooper, and G. D. Hager, "The measurement of gain in a supersonic, combustion-driven generator for NCl(a1Delta)," in Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security, G. L. Wood, ed., Proc. SPIE 5792, 97-108 (2005).

W. E. McDermott, R. Coombe, J. Gilbert, B. Nizamov, and Z. Lambert, "Experiments for an NCl3 fueled iodine laser," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5038.

A. J. R. Bauer, S. Lee, D. Vu, K. L. Galbally, W. J. Kessler, and S. J. Davis, "Studies of an advanced laser concept," presented at the 36th AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 6-9 June 2005, paper 5040.

T. T. Yang, "Enhancement of NCl(b1Sigma) by excited iodine I(52P1/2)," in Intense Beams and Applications: Lasers, Ions, and Microwaves, W. E. McDermott, ed., Proc. SPIE 2119, 122-131 (1994).

T. J. Madden, T. L. Henshaw, G. C. Manke II, G. D. Hager, and P. G. Crowell, "A model for the NCl(a1Delta)-I transfer chemical laser," presented at the 31st AIAA Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Denver, Colorado, 19-22 June 2000, paper 2423.

T. T. Yang and R. D. Bower, "I(2P1/2) produced from the energy transfer from NCl(a1Delta) to I(2P3/2)," in High-Power Gas Lasers, Proc. SPIE 1225, 430-439 (1990).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Typical spectra of NCl ( a ) NCl ( X ) at 1077 nm and NCl ( b ) NCl ( X ) at 665 nm and their strength change when I 2 He injected.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

1077 nm emission intensity versus Cl 2 flow rate at different He flow rates. HN 3 He ( 1 : 4 ) flow rates are optimized.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission intensity of versus 1315 nm HN 3 flow rate at different I 2 flow rates.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical absorption and small-signal gain test results. Flow conditions are as follows: The upper panel for absorption, Cl 2 = 0.5 slm , He = 1 slm , and I 2 = 0.02 slm . The lower panel for gain, Cl 2 = 0.5 slm , He = 1 slm , I 2 = 0.02 slm , and HN 3 = 1 slm .

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F + D Cl D F + Cl ,
Cl + HN 3 HCl + N 3 ,
Cl + N 3 NCl ( a 1 Δ ) + N 2 .
Cl 2 2 Cl ,
Cl + I 2 ICl + I ( P 3 2 2 ) ,
Cl + HN 3 HCl + N 3 ,
Cl + N 3 NCl ( a 1 Δ , b 1 Σ , X 3 Σ ) + N 2 ,
I ( P 3 2 2 ) + NCl ( a 1 Δ ) I ( P 1 2 2 ) + NCl ( X 3 Σ ) .
g = σ { [ I ( P 1 2 2 ) ] - 0.5 [ I ( P 3 2 2 ) ] } = ln ( I I 0 ) L = ln ( 1 + Δ I I 0 ) L Δ I I 0 L ,
NCl ( a 1 Δ ) + I ( P 1 2 2 ) NCl ( b 1 Σ ) + I ( P 3 2 2 ) .

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