Abstract

An achromatic half-wave plate (HWP) to be used in millimeter cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiments has been designed, manufactured, and tested. The design is based on the 5-plates Pancharatnam recipe and it works in the frequency range 85185GHz. A model has been used to predict the transmission, reflection, absorption, and phase shift as a function of frequency. The HWP has been tested by using coherent radiation from a back-wave oscillator to investigate its modulation efficiency and with incoherent radiation from a polarizing Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) to explore its frequency behavior. The FTS measurements have been fitted with an optical performance model which is in excellent agreement with the data. A detailed analysis of the data also allows a precise determination of the HWP fast and slow axes in the frequency band of operation. A list of the HWP performance characteristics is reported including estimates of its cross polarization.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  9. P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.
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2005 (2)

S. Hanany, J. Hubmayr, B. R. Johnson, T. Matsumura, P. Oxley, and M. Thibodeau, "A millimeter-wave achromatic half-wave plate," Appl. Opt. 44, 4666-4670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

2003 (3)

G. Pisano, "Systematic polarisation effects introduced by lenses and by axial birefringent half-wave plates used in CMB experiments in the millimetre region," in Polarimetry in Astronomy, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE 4843, 348-359 (2003).

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1960 (1)

S. Adachi, E. M. Kennaugh, "The analysis of a broadband circular polarizer including interface reflections," IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 8, 520-525 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

S. Pancharatnam, "Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates," Raman Research Institute, Bangalore , Memoir 71, 137-144 (1955).

Abroe, M. E.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

S. Adachi, E. M. Kennaugh, "The analysis of a broadband circular polarizer including interface reflections," IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 8, 520-525 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Ade, P. A. R.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Savini, G. Pisano, and P. A. R. Ade, "Achromatic half-wave plate for submillimeter instruments in CMB astronomy: modelling and simulations" (submitted to Applied Optics).

Baccigalupi, C.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Bastien, P.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Bernard, J. Ph.

J. Ph. Bernard, "Pilot", http://www.cesr.fr/∼bernard/PILOT/.

Bissonnette, É.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Bock, J.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Borrill, J.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, M.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calderon, C.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Carlstrom, J.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Challinor, A. D.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Cho, H.-M.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Church, S.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Collins, J. S.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Bernardis, P.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

deBernardis, P.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Devlin, M. J.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Dunlop, L.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Ferreira, P.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Flett, A. M.

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ganga, K.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gear, W.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gear, W. K.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Giraud-Héraud, Y.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Goldie, D. J.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Grainge, K. J. B.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Hanany, S.

S. Hanany, J. Hubmayr, B. R. Johnson, T. Matsumura, P. Oxley, and M. Thibodeau, "A millimeter-wave achromatic half-wave plate," Appl. Opt. 44, 4666-4670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Hinderks, J.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hubmayr, J.

Isaak, K.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Jaffe, A. H.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jenness, T.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Johnson, B.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Johnson, B. R.

S. Hanany, J. Hubmayr, B. R. Johnson, T. Matsumura, P. Oxley, and M. Thibodeau, "A millimeter-wave achromatic half-wave plate," Appl. Opt. 44, 4666-4670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Johnstone, D.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Jones, M. E.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Jones, T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Keating, B.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kennaugh, E. M.

S. Adachi, E. M. Kennaugh, "The analysis of a broadband circular polarizer including interface reflections," IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 8, 520-525 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Kovac, J.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lange, A.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lasenby, A. N.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Lee, A. T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Leitch, E.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levinson, L.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loewenstein, E. V.

Maffei, B.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Mallie, O.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, T.

S. Hanany, J. Hubmayr, B. R. Johnson, T. Matsumura, P. Oxley, and M. Thibodeau, "A millimeter-wave achromatic half-wave plate," Appl. Opt. 44, 4666-4670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Matthews, B.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Mauskopf, P. D.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Melhuish, S.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Melhuish, S. J.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Miller, A. D.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Milligan, M.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Molnar, J.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Morgan, R. L.

Murphy, A.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murray, A. G.

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Murray, G.

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Orlando, A.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

O'Sullivan, C.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oxley, P.

S. Hanany, J. Hubmayr, B. R. Johnson, T. Matsumura, P. Oxley, and M. Thibodeau, "A millimeter-wave achromatic half-wave plate," Appl. Opt. 44, 4666-4670 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Pancharatnam, S.

S. Pancharatnam, "Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates," Raman Research Institute, Bangalore , Memoir 71, 137-144 (1955).

Piccirillo, L.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pisano, G.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

G. Pisano, "Systematic polarisation effects introduced by lenses and by axial birefringent half-wave plates used in CMB experiments in the millimetre region," in Polarimetry in Astronomy, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE 4843, 348-359 (2003).

G. Savini, G. Pisano, and P. A. R. Ade, "Achromatic half-wave plate for submillimeter instruments in CMB astronomy: modelling and simulations" (submitted to Applied Optics).

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

Pryke, C.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rabii, B.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renbarger, T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Richards, P. L.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rusholme, B.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Savini, G.

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

G. Savini, G. Pisano, and P. A. R. Ade, "Achromatic half-wave plate for submillimeter instruments in CMB astronomy: modelling and simulations" (submitted to Applied Optics).

Smith, D. R.

Smoot, G. F.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spieler, H. G.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Stompor, R.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Taylor, A.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. C.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Thibodeau, M.

Thompson, K.

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tran, H. T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, G. S.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Winant, C. D.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Withington, S.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Yassin, G.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

Zaldarriaga, M.

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Infrared Phys. (1)

A. G. Murray, A. M. Flett, G. Murray, P. A. R. Ade, "High efficiency half-wave plates for submillimetre polarimetry," Infrared Phys. 33, 113-125 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

S. Adachi, E. M. Kennaugh, "The analysis of a broadband circular polarizer including interface reflections," IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 8, 520-525 (1960).
[CrossRef]

New Astron. Rev (1)

S. Church, P. Ade, J. Bock, M. Bowden, J. Carlstrom, K. Ganga, W. Gear, J. Hinderks, W. Hu, B. Keating, J. Kovac, A. Lange, E. Leitch, O. Mallie, S. Melhuish, A. Murphy, B. Rusholme, C. O'Sullivan, L. Piccirillo, C. Pryke, A. Taylor, and K. Thompson, "QUEST on DASI: a South Pole CMB polarization experiment," New Astron. Rev 47, 1083-1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New Astron. Rev. (1)

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raman Research Institute, Bangalore (1)

S. Pancharatnam, "Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates," Raman Research Institute, Bangalore , Memoir 71, 137-144 (1955).

Other (10)

P. Bastien, É. Bissonnette, P. Ade, G. Pisano, G. Savini, T. Jenness, D. Johnstone, B. Matthews, and J. Molnar, "POL-2: a Polarimeter for SCUBA-2," http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/∼bastien/scuba2/polarimeter/documents/POL-2CASCA2005-1.pdf.

J. Ph. Bernard, "Pilot", http://www.cesr.fr/∼bernard/PILOT/.

B. Maffei, P. A. R. Ade, C. Calderon, A. D. Challinor, P. De Bernardis, L. Dunlop, W. K. Gear, Y. Giraud-Héraud, D. J. Goldie, K. J. B. Grainge, K. Isaak, B. Johnson, M. E. Jones, A. N. Lasenby, P. D. Mauskopf, S. J. Melhuish, A. Orlando, L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, A. C. Taylor, S. Withington, and G. Yassin, "CLOVER: the CMB Polarisation Observer," in Proceedings of the Dome C Astronomy/Astrophysics Meeting, M. Giard, F. Casoti, and F. Paletou, eds., Eur. Astron. Soc. Publ. Ser. 14, 251-256 (2005).

P. Oxley, P. Ade, C. Baccigalupi, P. deBernardis, H.-M. Cho, M. J. Devlin, S. Hanany, B. R. Johnson, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, T. Matsumura, A. D. Miller, M. Milligan, T. Renbarger, H. G. Spieler, R. Stompor, G. S. Tucker, and M. Zaldarriaga, "The EBEX Experiment," arxiv.org e-Print archive, astro-ph/0501111, 6 June 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501111.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

G. Savini, G. Pisano, and P. A. R. Ade, "Achromatic half-wave plate for submillimeter instruments in CMB astronomy: modelling and simulations" (submitted to Applied Optics).

G. Pisano, "Systematic polarisation effects introduced by lenses and by axial birefringent half-wave plates used in CMB experiments in the millimetre region," in Polarimetry in Astronomy, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE 4843, 348-359 (2003).

IDL, Interactive Data Language, http://www.rsinc.com/idl/.

Emerson and Cuming, Microwave Products, http://www.eccosorb.com/.

Elva-1, Millimeter Wave Division, http://www.elva-1.com/.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Half-wave plate tests optical setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Back-wave oscillator HWP modulation measurements at three different frequencies (125, 135, and 149 GHz ). Zoom in of the rectangular area.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated HWP phase shift between fast and slow axes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement and model results for the transmission versus frequency in the ϑ 0 setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement and model results for the transmission versus frequency in the ϑ 90 setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measurement and model results for the transmission versus frequency in the ϑ 45 setup.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

HWP modeled phase shift superimposed on the FTS background intensity distribution.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Modeled transmission versus frequency for the ϑ 45 setup with and without the 3° angle offset.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Effective fast axis transmission, reflection, and absorption versus frequency.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Effective slow axis transmission, reflection and absorption versus frequency.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Cross polarization as function of frequency for different input polarization angles.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Schematic representation of the polarization modulation expected for monochromatic input for the following configurations: (a) parallel polarizers, (b) orthogonal polarizers. Also shown are (c) copolar component and (d) cross-polar component.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 HWP Band Average Performance Parameters

Metrics