Abstract

Flatness of the wavefront diffracted by grating can be mandatory for some applications. At ambient temperature, the wavefront diffracted by a volume phase holographic grating (VPHG) is well mastered by the manufacturing process and can be corrected or shaped by postpolishing. However, to be used in cooled infrared spectrometers, VPHGs have to stand and work properly at low temperatures. We present the measurement of the wavefront diffracted by a typical VPHG at various temperatures down to 150K and at several thermal inhomogeneity amplitudes. The particular grating observed was produced using a dichromated gelatine technique and encapsulated between two glass blanks. Diffracted wavefront measurements show that the wavefront is extremely stable according to the temperature as long as the latter is homogeneous over the grating stack volume. Increasing the thermal inhomogeneity increases the wavefront error that pinpoints the importance of the final instrument thermal design. This concludes the dichromated gelatine VPHG technology, used more and more in visible spectrometers, can be applied as it is to cooled IR spectrometers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled-wave theory of thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).
  5. S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. M. Smith, ed., Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1977), Vol. 20.
  7. P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).
  13. N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  15. T. A. Shankoff, "Phase holograms in dichromated gelatin," Appl. Opt. 7, 2101-2105 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (3)

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled-wave theory of thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

1968 (1)

Allington-Smith, J. R.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arns, J. A.

J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barden, S. C.

J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bianco, A.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Blackburn, C.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blais-Ouellette, S.

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blanche, P.-A.

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Colburn, W. S.

J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Conconi, P.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Crimi, G.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Dekker, H.

G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dipper, N. A.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elgamil, A.

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gailly, P.

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Giro, E.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Guzman, D.

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Habraken, S.

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Habraken, S. I.

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hill, G. J.

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jamar, C.

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Jamar, C. A.

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled-wave theory of thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Lemaire, P.

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Lemaire, P. C.

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luke, P.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Molinari, E.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Monnet, G. J.

G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murray, G. J.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pernechele, C.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Rallison, R.

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D. J.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rupprecht, G.

G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shankoff, T. A.

Sharples, R. M.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, E. C.

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, ed., Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1977), Vol. 20.

Tamura, N.

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tufts, J. R.

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, M. J.

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zerbi, F. M.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled-wave theory of thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Exp. Astron. (1)

N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Opt. Eng. (1)

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (7)

S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. M. Smith, ed., Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1977), Vol. 20.

A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Low temperature wavefront measurement setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffracted wavefront error recorded at various grating temperatures and temperature inhomogeneities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak-to-valley wavefront error according to the temperature at constant temperature inhomogeneity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak-to-valley wavefront error according to temperature inhomogeneity.

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