Abstract

Nonlinear-optical performance of photonic-crystal fibers (PCFs) made of highly nonlinear TF10 glass is studied and compared with the general tendencies of nonlinear-optical interactions in fused-silica PCFs. The loss of TF10 glass PCFs prevents the generation of supercontinuum emission with a broad and flat spectrum, which typically requires propagation lengths comparable with or exceeding the attenuation length of the fiber. However, dispersive-wave emission of solitons, induced by high-order dispersion, phase-matched four-wave-mixing processes, and self-phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening are substantially enhanced in TF10 glass PCFs due to the high material nonlinearity, providing a high efficiency of frequency conversion of Cr:forsterite laser pulses.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005

A. M. Zheltikov, ed., Photonic Crystals, special issue of Appl. Phys. B 81, 151-420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano and H. Hamaguchi, "Vibrationally resonant imaging of a single living cell by supercontinuum-based multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy," Opt. Express 13, 1322-1327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Andresen, H. N. Paulsen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, "Broadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy employing photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1934-1938 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Di Teodoro and C. Brooks, "1.1 MW peak-power, 7 W average-power, high-spectral-brightness, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett. 30, 2694-2696 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, "1-mJ energy, 1-MW peak-power, 10-W average-power, spectrally narrow, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic-crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 8999-9002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Jr., K. Richardson, L. Jankovic, and H. Kim, "Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1861-1867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh, N. Florous, and M. Koshiba, "Ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion controllability using a defected-core photonic crystal fiber with low confinement losses," Opt. Express 13, 8365-8371 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser," Opt. Express 11, 48-53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tunnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. Windeler, "Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 27, 1675-1677 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

S. R. Friberg and P. W. Smith, "Nonlinear optical glasses for ultrafast optical switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 2089-2094 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, D. A.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).

Alfimov, M. V.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).

Andresen, E. R.

Baltuska, A.

Beloglazov, V. I.

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilinsky, I.

Birkedal, V.

Birks, T. A.

Bouma, B.

Bouwmans, G.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Brooks, C.

Bugar, I.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chorvat, D.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delfyett, P.

Di Teodoro, F.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fallnich, C.

Fedotov, A. B.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B B73, 181-184 (2001).

Finazzi, V.

Fiorentino, M.

Florous, N.

Frampton, K.

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg and P. W. Smith, "Nonlinear optical glasses for ultrafast optical switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 2089-2094 (1987).
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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
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Zellmer, H.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
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Zheltikov, A. M.

A. M. Zheltikov, ed., Photonic Crystals, special issue of Appl. Phys. B 81, 151-420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
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S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
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A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
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A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
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A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B B73, 181-184 (2001).

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).

Appl. Phys. B

A. M. Zheltikov, ed., Photonic Crystals, special issue of Appl. Phys. B 81, 151-420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B B73, 181-184 (2001).

Electron. Lett.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
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T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

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Laser Phys. Lett.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, L. A. Mel'nikov, A. V. Shcherbakov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat, Jr., F. Uherek, D. Chorvat, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Anti-Stokes generation in guided modes of photonic-crystal fibers modified with an array of nanoholes," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 402-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
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Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
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Opt. Express

H. Kano and H. Hamaguchi, "Vibrationally resonant imaging of a single living cell by supercontinuum-based multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy," Opt. Express 13, 1322-1327 (2005).
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C. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, "1-mJ energy, 1-MW peak-power, 10-W average-power, spectrally narrow, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic-crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 8999-9002 (2005).
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C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "Cladding pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714-720 (2001).
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W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser," Opt. Express 11, 48-53 (2003).
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J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tunnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003).
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V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
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H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
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P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
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K. Saitoh, N. Florous, and M. Koshiba, "Ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion controllability using a defected-core photonic crystal fiber with low confinement losses," Opt. Express 13, 8365-8371 (2005).
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Opt. Lett.

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Phys. Rev. E

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Usp.

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron microscope image of the photonic-crystal fiber. The scale bar corresponds to 2 μm. (b) GVD as a function of radiation wavelength for the doublet of fundamental modes (1, 2) and several higher-order modes (3–6) of the TF10 glass photonic-crystal fiber. Field intensity profiles for PCF modes 1–6 are shown on the right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Wavelength dependence of the effective area S eff for the fundamental mode doublet of the TF10 glass PCF (1) and the propagation-constant mismatch δβ between the soliton centered at 1.25 μm and dispersive waves guided by the fundamental mode of the PCF (2) and a higher-order mode with the intensity profile 6 (3), shown in Fig. 1, as a function of the wavelength of the dispersive wave.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

GVD as a function of radiation wavelength for the fundamental mode of the fused-silica PCF with a core diameter of 2.2 μm (shown in the inset).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) Spectra of radiation transmitted through a 1 cm section of (1) TF10 glass and (2) silica PCFs. The input pulse energy is 30 pJ and the initial pulse width is 100 fs . (b) Spectra of radiation transmitted through a 20 cm section of TF10 glass PCF. The input pulse has an energy of 2 nJ and an initial pulse width of 70 fs .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Spectra of radiation transmitted through a fused-silica PCF with a length of (1) 20 cm and (2) 120 cm . The input pulse has an energy of (1) 1.0 nJ and (2) 2.5 nJ . The initial pulse width is 70 fs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) (a) Spectrum of radiation transmitted through the TF10 glass PCF with a length of 35 cm . The input pulse energy is 2 nJ . The initial pulse width is 100 fs . (b) Spectrum of the blueshifted output of the TF10 glass PCF with a length of 20 cm . The input pulse has an energy of (1) 0.5 nJ , (2) 1 nJ , (3) 2 nJ , and (4) 3 nJ . The initial pulse width is 70 fs .

Equations (1)

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S eff = [ - - | F ( x , y ) | 2 d x d y ] 2 / - - | F ( x , y ) | 4 d x d y

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