Abstract

We present a method for homogenizing the Fourier spectrum for holographic digital data storage by use of a phase spatial light modulator (SLM), and methods for the recovery of data from a phase image are implemented and discussed. Binary digital data are displayed on a phase SLM operating in 0 and π phase modes to optimally remove the intense dc peak so as to obtain a homogenized Fourier spectrum. Methods based on holographic interferometry have been developed and employed for recovery of the original amplitude data page from the phase-data page. A new edge-detection-based method also has been demonstrated and analyzed for reconstruction of the original data. Experimental results are presented to confirm the feasibility of these novel techniques.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005 (1)

R. John, J. Joseph, and K. Singh," An input-data page modulation scheme for content-addressable holographic digital data storage," Opt. Commun. 249, 387-395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, "CROP holographic storage media for optical storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 10-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Orlov, "Volume holographic data storage," Commun. ACM 43, 46-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

1994 (2)

1972 (1)

1971 (1)

G. Goldmann, "Recording of digital data masks in quasi Fourier holograms," Optik 34, 254-267 (1971).

1970 (1)

1964 (1)

A. VanderLugt, "Signal detection by complex spatial filtering," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139-145 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Artajona, M. P. Bernal

R. K. Kostuk, M. P. Bernal Artajona, and Q. Gao, "Beam conditioning techniques for holographic recording systems," in Holographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer, 2000).

Ashley, J.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

Bashaw, M. C.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, "Holographic data storage systems," Proc. IEEE 92, 1231-1280 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bernal, M. P.

Bernal, M.-P.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bjornson, E.

Burckhardt, C. B.

Burr, G. W.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and M. Quintanilla, "Experimental study of the effects of a six-level phase mask on a digital holographic storage system," Appl. Opt. 37, 2094-2101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Butler, C. J.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, "CROP holographic storage media for optical storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 10-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, and J. Joseph, "Holographic data storage--photopolymer material and drive technology," presented at Optical Society of America, Rochester, NY, DOMO--Applications IV (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper DTuD1.

Coufal, H.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and M. Quintanilla, "Experimental study of the effects of a six-level phase mask on a digital holographic storage system," Appl. Opt. 37, 2094-2101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, K.

Domjan, L.

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Q.

R. K. Kostuk, M. P. Bernal Artajona, and Q. Gao, "Beam conditioning techniques for holographic recording systems," in Holographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer, 2000).

Goldmann, G.

G. Goldmann, "Recording of digital data masks in quasi Fourier holograms," Optik 34, 254-267 (1971).

Guenther, H.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Hoffnagle, J. A.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and M. Quintanilla, "Experimental study of the effects of a six-level phase mask on a digital holographic storage system," Appl. Opt. 37, 2094-2101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ingwall, R. T.

R. T. Ingwall and D. A. Waldman, "Photopolymer Systems," inHolographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2000), pp. 171-197.

Jefferson, C. M.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and M. Quintanilla, "Experimental study of the effects of a six-level phase mask on a digital holographic storage system," Appl. Opt. 37, 2094-2101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

John, R.

R. John, J. Joseph, and K. Singh," An input-data page modulation scheme for content-addressable holographic digital data storage," Opt. Commun. 249, 387-395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joseph, J.

R. John, J. Joseph, and K. Singh," An input-data page modulation scheme for content-addressable holographic digital data storage," Opt. Commun. 249, 387-395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, and J. Joseph, "Holographic data storage--photopolymer material and drive technology," presented at Optical Society of America, Rochester, NY, DOMO--Applications IV (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper DTuD1.

Koppa, P.

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R. K.

R. K. Kostuk, M. P. Bernal Artajona, and Q. Gao, "Beam conditioning techniques for holographic recording systems," in Holographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer, 2000).

Kwan, D.

Levine, M.

Li, H.-Y. S.

Lugt, A. Vander

A. VanderLugt, "Signal detection by complex spatial filtering," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139-145 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

Marcus, B.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McFarlane, R. M.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miyamura, Y.

Okas, R.

Orlov, S. S.

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, "Holographic data storage systems," Proc. IEEE 92, 1231-1280 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Orlov, W. Phillips, E. Bjornson, Y. Takashima, P. Sundaram, L. Hesselink, R. Okas, D. Kwan, and R. Snyder, "High-transfer-rate high-capacity holographic disk data-storage system," Appl. Opt. 43, 4902-4914 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Orlov, "Volume holographic data storage," Commun. ACM 43, 46-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oshida, Y.

Phillips, W.

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Quintanilla, M.

Raguin, D. H.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, "CROP holographic storage media for optical storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 10-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, and J. Joseph, "Holographic data storage--photopolymer material and drive technology," presented at Optical Society of America, Rochester, NY, DOMO--Applications IV (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper DTuD1.

Remenyi, J.

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and M. Quintanilla, "Experimental study of the effects of a six-level phase mask on a digital holographic storage system," Appl. Opt. 37, 2094-2101 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G.

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singh, K.

R. John, J. Joseph, and K. Singh," An input-data page modulation scheme for content-addressable holographic digital data storage," Opt. Commun. 249, 387-395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, R.

Sundaram, P.

Szarvas, G.

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takashima, Y.

Takeda, Y.

Waldman, D. A.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, "CROP holographic storage media for optical storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 10-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Ingwall and D. A. Waldman, "Photopolymer Systems," inHolographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2000), pp. 171-197.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, and J. Joseph, "Holographic data storage--photopolymer material and drive technology," presented at Optical Society of America, Rochester, NY, DOMO--Applications IV (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper DTuD1.

Appl. Opt. (7)

Commun. ACM (1)

S. S. Orlov, "Volume holographic data storage," Commun. ACM 43, 46-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

J. Ashley, M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, B. Marcus, R. M. McFarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage," IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. VanderLugt, "Signal detection by complex spatial filtering," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139-145 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. John, J. Joseph, and K. Singh," An input-data page modulation scheme for content-addressable holographic digital data storage," Opt. Commun. 249, 387-395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (2)

G. Goldmann, "Recording of digital data masks in quasi Fourier holograms," Optik 34, 254-267 (1971).

L. Domjan, P. Koppa, G. Szarvas, and J. Remenyi, "Ternary phase-amplitude modulation with twisted nematic liquid crystal displays for Fourier-plane homogenization in holographic data storage," Optik 113, 382-390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Hesselink, S. S. Orlov, and M. C. Bashaw, "Holographic data storage systems," Proc. IEEE 92, 1231-1280 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, and D. H. Raguin, "CROP holographic storage media for optical storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 10-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. K. Kostuk, M. P. Bernal Artajona, and Q. Gao, "Beam conditioning techniques for holographic recording systems," in Holographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer, 2000).

H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage, Vol. 76 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences, (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

R. T. Ingwall and D. A. Waldman, "Photopolymer Systems," inHolographic Data Storage, H.J.Coufal, D.Psaltis, and G.T.Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2000), pp. 171-197.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, and J. Joseph, "Holographic data storage--photopolymer material and drive technology," presented at Optical Society of America, Rochester, NY, DOMO--Applications IV (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper DTuD1.

G. W. Burr, "Holography for information storage and processing," in Wave Optics and Photonics Devices for Optical Information Processing II, P. Ambs and F. R. Beyette, Jr., eds., Proc. SPIE 5181, 70-84 (2003).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of holographic data storage setup comprising laser, beam expander (BE), polarizing beam splitter (PBS), spatial light modulator (SLM), lens (L1, L2), reference beam mirror (M1), recording medium and detector (CMOS).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results of homogenized FT: (a) data page, (b) FT of the amplitude data, (c) FT of the phase data, showing the absence of a dc peak.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results of homogenized FT: (a) part of the data page, (b) FT of the amplitude-data page, (c) FT (magnified) of the phase-data page showing the substantial absence of the intense dc peak.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Principle of data-page recovery using interference: (a) part of a row of the wavefront from the SLM, (b) wavefront reconstructed from the hologram, (c) recovered data page at the detector.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental results of data recovery using the real-time holographic interferometric method. (a) Direct image of the amplitude-data page, (b) direct image of the phase-data page, and (c) data recovered through the interference of the blank phase page and the reconstructed phase-data page.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Data recovered using the double-exposure holographic interferometic method.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Holographically reconstructed edge-enhanced data pages, (a) data page with 8 × 8 oversampling, (b) one of 15 multiplexed data pages with 4 × 4 oversampling.

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