Abstract

We develop the Jones and Mueller matrices for structures that allow control of the path length difference between two linear orthogonal polarizations and consider the effect of placing multiple devices in series. Specifically, we find that full polarization modulation (measurement of Stokes Q, U, and V) can be achieved by placing two such modulators in series if the relative angles of the beam-splitting grids with respect to the analyzer orientation are appropriately chosen. Such a device has several potential advantages over a spinning wave plate modulator for measuring astronomical polarization in the far infrared through millimeter: (i) The use of small, linear motions eliminates the need for cryogenic rotational bearings; (ii) the phase flexibility allows measurement of circular as well as linear polarization; and (iii) this architecture allows for both multiwavelength and broadband modulation. We also present initial laboratory results.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2004 (2)

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. Martin and E. Puplett, "Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105-109 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1941 (1)

Abroe, M. E.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P. A. R.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A. E.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Battistelli, E.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Bock, J.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borrill, J.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brosseau, C.

C. Brosseau, Fundamentals of Polarized Light (Wiley, 1998).

Budil, D. E.

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Casey, S. C.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chuss, D. T.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Collins, J. S.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, J. A.

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DePetris, M.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Ding, Z.

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dotson, J. L.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dowell, C. D.

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Duncan, W.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Earle, K. A.

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, R.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, P.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldsmith, P. F.

P. F. Goldsmith, Quasioptical Systems (IEEE Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Gonatas, D.

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Grammer, W.

E. Wollack and W. Grammer, "Symmetric waveguide orthomode junctions," in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Space TeraHertz Technology, E.Walker and J.Payne, eds. (2003), pp. 169-176.

Hanany, S.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harper, D. A.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heimsath, S.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrand, R.

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrand, R. H.

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirsch, R. A.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holland, W. S.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inatani, J.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Irwin, K. D.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J.

J. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1967).

Jaffe, A. H.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. R.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

Jones, T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, B. D.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, S.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kreysa, E.

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lamagna, L.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Lee, A. T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levinson, L.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loewenstein, R. F.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lubin, P.

P. Lubin (personal communication).

Manabe, T.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maoli, R.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Martin, D.

D. Martin and E. Puplett, "Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105-109 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Martin, D. H.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Martin, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, J.Button, ed. (Academic Press, 1974), Vol. 6.

Matsumura, T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Melchiorri, F.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Menten, K. M.

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moseley, S. H.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murk, A.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Newcomb, M.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Novak, G.

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Palladino, E.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Pernic, R. J.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Platt, S.

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Puplett, E.

D. Martin and E. Puplett, "Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105-109 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Rabii, B.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reichertz, L. A.

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renbarger, T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rennick, T. S.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richards, P. L.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Robson, E. I.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sandberg, E.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sandford, D. B.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savage, M. L.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savini, G.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

Serkowski, K.

K. Serkowski, in Methods of Experimental Physics,N.Carleton, ed. (Academic, 1974), Vol. 12.

Seta, M.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silverberg, R. F.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siringo, G.

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. R.

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smoot, G. F.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spotz, R.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sternberg, S.

S. Sternberg, Group Theory and Physics (Cambridge, 1994).

Stompor, R.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tinbergen, J.

J. Tinbergen, Astronomical Polarimetry (Cambridge, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Tran, H. T.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaillancourt, J. E.

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voellmer, G. M.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walton, A. J.

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waltz, P. W.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winant, C. D.

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, C.

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wollack, E.

E. Wollack and W. Grammer, "Symmetric waveguide orthomode junctions," in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Space TeraHertz Technology, E.Walker and J.Payne, eds. (2003), pp. 169-176.

Wylde, R. J.

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

G. Siringo, E. Kreysa, L. A. Reichertz, and K. M. Menten, "A new polarimeter for (sub)millimeter bolometer arrays," Astron. Astrophys. 422, 751-760 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

T. Manabe, J. Inatani, A. Murk, R. J. Wylde, M. Seta, and D. H. Martin, "A new configuration of polarization-rotating dual-beam interferometer for space use," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 51, 1696-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

D. Martin and E. Puplett, "Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105-109 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Reson. (1)

D. E. Budil, Z. Ding, G. R. Smith, and K. A. Earle, "Jones matrix formalism for quasioptical EPR," J. Magn. Reson. 144, 20-34 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

New Astron. Rev. (1)

B. R. Johnson, M. E. Abroe, P. Ade, J. Bock, J. Borrill, J. S. Collins, P. Ferreira, S. Hanany, A. H. Jaffe, T. Jones, A. T. Lee, L. Levinson, T. Matsumura, B. Rabii, T. Renbarger, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, R. Stompor, H. T. Tran, and C. D. Winant, "MAXIPOL: a balloon-borne experiment for measuring the polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation," New Astron. Rev. 47, 1067-1075 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

W. S. Holland, W. Duncan, B. D. Kelly, K. D. Irwin, A. J. Walton, P. A. R. Ade, and E. I. Robson, "SCUBA-2: a new generation submillimeter imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, T. G. Phillips and J. Zmuidzinas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4855, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Harper, A. E. Bartels, S. C. Casey, D. T. Chuss, J. L. Dotson, R. Evans, S. Heimsath, R. A. Hirsch, S. Knudsen, R. F. Loewenstein, S. H. Moseley, M. Newcomb, R. J. Pernic, T. S. Rennick, E. Sandberg, D. B. Sandford, M. L. Savage, R. F. Silverberg, R. Spotz, G. M. Voellmer, P. W. Waltz, S. Wang, and C. Wirth, "Development of the HAWC far-infrared camera for SOFIA," in UV and Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Systems, G. Hasinger and M. J. L. Turner, eds., Proc. SPIE 5492, 1064-1073 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (2)

R. H. Hildebrand, J. A. Davidson, J. L. Dotson, C. D. Dowell, G. Novak, and J. E. Vaillancourt, "A primer on far-infrared polarimetry," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1215-1235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Novak, D. Gonatas, R. Hildebrand, and S. Platt, "A 100-μm polarimeter for the Kuiper Airborne Observatory," Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 101, 215-224 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

S. Sternberg, Group Theory and Physics (Cambridge, 1994).

P. F. Goldsmith, Quasioptical Systems (IEEE Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Wollack and W. Grammer, "Symmetric waveguide orthomode junctions," in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Space TeraHertz Technology, E.Walker and J.Payne, eds. (2003), pp. 169-176.

C. Brosseau, Fundamentals of Polarized Light (Wiley, 1998).

J. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1967).

D. H. Martin, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, J.Button, ed. (Academic Press, 1974), Vol. 6.

J. Tinbergen, Astronomical Polarimetry (Cambridge, 1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Serkowski, in Methods of Experimental Physics,N.Carleton, ed. (Academic, 1974), Vol. 12.

E. Battistelli, M. DePetris, L. Lamagna, R. Maoli, F. Melchiorri, E. Palladino, and G. Savini, "Far infrared polarimeter with very low instrumental polarization," arXiv.org e-Print archive, version 1, astro-ph/0209180, http://arxiv.org/astro-ph/astro-ph/0209180.

P. Lubin (personal communication).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The propagation of the electric field components and the ( H ^ , V ^ ) coordinate axes through the VPM part of a Martin–Puplett interferometer at an angle of π∕4 are shown. When d 1 = d 2, this device behaves like a mirror. When there is a path difference, it changes the polarization state of the incoming radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The Martin–Puplett interferometer is symmetrically fed by a pair of W-band feed horns (25–27 dBi) that are collimated by ellipsoidal mirrors (f = 25 cm). Each of the two rooftop mirrors reflect a component of polarizations. The mirrors are mounted on transports that are used to adjust the path lengths of the individual polarizations. The polarizing grid is mounted such that the wires make an angle of 45° with the roof lines in projection. The dashed and dotted lines show the positions of the beam radius (–6.7 dB power level) and –20 dB power level, respectively, of a Gaussian beam propagating through the structure for a 26 dBi feed and a wavelength of 3 mm (100 GHz). We have illustrated the location of the 90° twist on port 2 that converts the sensitivity of port 2 from V to H. The calibration reference plane is also shown (Γ1 and Γ2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The transmission spectra are shown for four different values of d 1d 2: (upper left) −13 μm, (upper right) 587 μm, (lower left) −813 μm, and (lower right) −1013 μm. The thick solid line in each plot is the spectrum of the vertical (V) linear polarization measured at port 2 of the VNA. The thin solid line in each plot is the spectrum of the horizontal (H) linear polarization measured at port 2. The H polarization is measured by adding a 90° twist in the WR-10 waveguide attached to port 2 of the VNA. Theoretical predictions for H and V are plotted as thick and thin dashed lines, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The normalized Stokes parameters q and v are calculated as a function of frequency by fitting to the 27 mirror positions. The mean values of q and v across the 78–115 GHz band are −1.002 ± 0.003 and 0.001 ± 0.013, respectively.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Mapping of Q det onto the Sky for Selected Values of Δ1 and Δ2 for Dual Modulators Having θ1 = π∕8 and θ2 = π∕4

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of Jones Matrix Representations for Selected Optical Elements a

Equations (27)

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P 2 = Q 2 + U 2 + V 2 ,
J ¯ VPM ( π 4 ) = J ¯ VPM ( 1 ) ( π 4 ) + J ¯ VPM ( 2 ) ( π 4 ) .
J ¯ VPM ( 1 ) ( π 4 ) = J ¯ WP ( π 4 ) J ¯ z ( d 1 ) J ¯ RT ( 0 ) J ¯ z ( d 1 ) J ¯ WP ( π 4 ) = ( 1 1 - 1 - 1 ) exp ( i 4 π d 1 / λ ) 2 ,
J ¯ VPM ( 2 ) ( π 4 ) = J ¯ WP ( - π 4 ) J ¯ z ( d 2 ) J ¯ RT ( 0 ) J ¯ z ( d 2 ) J ¯ WT ( π 4 ) = ( 1 - 1 1 - 1 ) exp ( i 4 π d 2 / λ ) 2 .
J ¯ VPM ( π 4 , ξ ) = ½ e i 2 π ( d 1 + d 2 ) / λ ( cos ξ - i sin ξ i sin ξ cos ξ ) .
J ¯ VPM ( χ , ξ ) = R ¯ ( - χ ) J ¯ VPM ( π 4 ) R ¯ ( χ ) = e i 2 π ( d 1 + d 2 ) / λ 2 ( cos ξ + i sin ξ  sin  2 χ - i sin ξ cos 2 χ i sin ξ cos 2 χ - cos ξ + i sin ξ sin 2 χ ) ,
J ¯ VPM ( θ , ξ ) = e i 2 π ( d 1 + d 2 ) / λ ( cos ξ - i sin ξ cos 2 θ - i sin ξ cos 2 θ i sin ξ sin 2 θ - cos ξ i sin ξ  cos  2 θ ) .
J ¯ VPM ( θ , ξ ) = e i 2 π ( d 1 + d 2 ) / λ { Q ¯ cos ξ - i sin ξ [ I ¯ cos ( 2 θ ) + i V ¯ sin ( 2 θ ) ] } .
M ¯ VPM ( θ , Δ ) = ( 1 0 0 0 0 cos 2 2 θ + cos Δ sin 2 2 θ - sin 2 θ cos 2 θ ( 1 - cos Δ ) sin 2 θ sin Δ 0 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ ( 1 - cos Δ ) - sin 2 2 θ - cos Δ cos 2 2 θ - cos 2 θ sin Δ 0 sin 2 θ sin Δ cos 2 θ sin Δ - cos Δ ) .
M ¯ VPM ( θ , Δ ) = Γ ¯ QV Γ ¯ QU R ¯ V ( 2 θ ) R ¯ Q ( Δ ) R ¯ V ( - 2 θ ) = Γ ¯ QV Γ ¯ QU M ¯ WP ( θ , Δ ) .
Q det = Q sky ( cos 2 2 θ + cos Δ sin 2 2 θ ) + U sky sin 2 θ cos 2 θ ( 1 - cos Δ ) + V sky ( sin 2 θ sin Δ ) .
Q det = Q sky cos Δ + V sky sin Δ .
Q ( k , δ ) = Q ( k ) cos k δ + V ( k ) sin k δ .
Q ( δ )  =  0 Q ( k , δ ) ϕ ( k ) d k
 = 0 [ Q ( k ) cos k δ + V ( k ) sin k δ ] ϕ ( k ) d k .
½ [ Q ( k ) + i V ( k ) ] ϕ ( λ ) = 1 2 π δ 1 δ 2 Q ( δ ) e i k δ d δ .
Q det = Q sky [ ( cos 2 2 θ 1 + cos Δ 1 sin 2 2 θ 1 ) × ( cos 2 2 θ 2 + cos Δ 2 sin 2 2 θ 2 ) - sin 2 θ 1 cos 2 θ 1 sin 2 θ 2 cos 2 θ 2 ( 1 - cos Δ 1 ) × ( 1 - cos Δ 2 ) + sin 2 θ 1 sin 2 θ 2 sin Δ 1 sin Δ 2 ] + U sky [ sin 2 θ 1 cos 2 θ 1 ( 1 - cos Δ 1 ) × ( cos 2 2 θ 2 + cos Δ 2 sin 2 2 θ 2 ) - ( sin 2 2 θ 1 + cos Δ 1 cos 2 2 θ 1 ) sin 2 θ 2 cos 2 θ 2 × ( 1 - cos Δ 2 ) - cos 2 θ 1 sin 2 θ 2 sin Δ 1 sin Δ 2 ] + V sky [ sin 2 θ 1 sin Δ 1 ( cos 2 2 θ 2 + cos Δ 2 sin 2 2 θ 2 ) + cos 2 θ 1 sin 2 θ 2 cos 2 θ 2 sin Δ 1 ( 1 - cos Δ 2 ) - sin 2 θ 2 cos Δ 1 sin Δ 2 ] .
Q det = H ( Δ ) - f V ( Δ ) H ( Δ ) + f V ( Δ ) = Q source cos Δ + V source sin Δ ,
| E = ( E x E y ) ( E H E V ) .
E f | J ¯ det | E f = E i | J ¯ J ¯ det J ¯ | E i .
I ¯ σ ¯ 0 = ( 1 0 0 1 ) , Q ¯ σ ¯ 1 = ( 1 0 0 - 1 ) ,
U ¯ σ ¯ 2 = ( 0 1 1 0 ) , V ¯ σ ¯ 3 = ( 0 - i i 0 ) .
I = E I ¯ E = E H 2 + E V 2 ,
Q = E Q ¯ E = E H 2 - E V 2 ,
U = E U ¯ E = 2 ( E H * E V ) ,
V = E V ¯ E = 2 ( E H * E V ) .
D ¯ = ( E x * E x E x * E y E y * E x E y * E y ) .

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