Abstract

A continuous-wave (cw) optical frequency synthesizer is demonstrated by using a monolithic-type cw optical parametric oscillator (cw-OPO) and an optical frequency comb. The cw-OPO is phase locked to an optical frequency comb that is phase locked to an atomic clock. The output frequency of the cw-OPO is frequency shifted with an electro-optic modulator, which makes it possible to tune the frequency continuously over 10  GHz. Furthermore, Doppler-free spectroscopy is performed using the optical frequency synthesizer for a cesium D1 line at 895  nm. The observed linewidth of 5  MHz is the natural linewidth of cesium. The center frequency of the line is consistent with a previous report.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (4)

P. Gross, K. Boller, and M. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Gerginov, C. E. Tanner, S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, and L. Hollberg, "High-resolution spectroscopy with a femtosecond laser frequency comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 1734-1736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, "Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

2000 (7)

T. Edwards, G. Turnbull, M. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Express 6, 58-63 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S. Ohshima, "Long-term, mode-hop-free operation of a continuous-wave, doubly resonant, monolithic optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 184, 13-17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Ikegami, "Differential temperature controller for stable temperature control of a nonlinear optical crystal at approximately 200 °C," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 39, 4814-4815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, and S. Ohshima, "Phase-coherent optical frequency division by 3 of 532-nm laser light with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1856-1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Adler, F.

Alexander, J.

Arie, A.

Bartels, A.

Bitou, Y.

Boller, K.

P. Gross, K. Boller, and M. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W.

Braxmaier, C.

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buchhave, P.

Byer, R.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

V. Gerginov, C. E. Tanner, S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, and L. Hollberg, "High-resolution spectroscopy with a femtosecond laser frequency comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 1734-1736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, "Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douillet, A.

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Dunlop, A.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Edwards, T.

Fermann, M. E.

Gerginov, V.

Grosche, G.

Gross, P.

P. Gross, K. Boller, and M. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haensch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. D. Jost, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, "Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator," Opt. Express 10, 515-520 (2002).
[PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansch, T. W.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, P. L.

Hartl, I.

Havenith, M.

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hecker, A.

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, A.

Hollberg, L.

Holzwarth, R.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F. L.

Hong, F.-L.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1516-1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horikoshi, M.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Ikegami, "Differential temperature controller for stable temperature control of a nonlinear optical crystal at approximately 200 °C," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 39, 4814-4815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S. Ohshima, "Long-term, mode-hop-free operation of a continuous-wave, doubly resonant, monolithic optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 184, 13-17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, and S. Ohshima, "Phase-coherent optical frequency division by 3 of 532-nm laser light with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1856-1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1516-1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isaenko, L.

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishiguro, M.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jorgensen, C. G.

Jost, J. D.

Keller, U.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M.

P. Gross, K. Boller, and M. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koga, Y.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lipphardt, B.

Lobanov, S.

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mason, E.

Matsumoto, H.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1516-1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyn, J.

Minoshima, K.

Mlynek, J.

Moutzouris, K.

Musha, M.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L.

Nakagawa, K.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Ohshima, S.

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S. Ohshima, "Long-term, mode-hop-free operation of a continuous-wave, doubly resonant, monolithic optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 184, 13-17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, and S. Ohshima, "Phase-coherent optical frequency division by 3 of 532-nm laser light with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1856-1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1516-1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peters, A.

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Strossneer, J. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Sciller, and A. Peters, "Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419-1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

Schnatz, H.

Sciller, S.

Slyusarev, S.

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S. Ohshima, "Long-term, mode-hop-free operation of a continuous-wave, doubly resonant, monolithic optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 184, 13-17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, and S. Ohshima, "Phase-coherent optical frequency division by 3 of 532-nm laser light with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1856-1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strossneer, U.

Strößner, U.

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

Sutter, D.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Tanner, C. E.

Tauser, F.

Telle, H.

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G.

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, A.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Urenski, P.

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallenstein, R.

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, N.

Yan, M. F.

Yanagimachi, S.

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

J. D. Jost, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, "Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator," Opt. Express 10, 515-520 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yelisseyev, A.

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Zinth, W.

Zondy, J.

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Inaba, T. Ikegami, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase locking of a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator to an optical frequency comb for optical frequency synthesis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 929-936 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 763-766 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

A. Douillet, J. Zondy, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, and L. Isaenko, "Toward a 3:1 frequency divider based on parametric oscillation using AgGaS2 and PPLN crystals," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 1127-1133 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (1)

T. Ikegami, "Differential temperature controller for stable temperature control of a nonlinear optical crystal at approximately 200 °C," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 39, 4814-4815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S. Ohshima, "Long-term, mode-hop-free operation of a continuous-wave, doubly resonant, monolithic optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 184, 13-17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Hecker, M. Havenith, C. Braxmaier, U. Strößner, and A. Peters, "High resolution Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 218, 131-134 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, "A highly stable mm-wave synthesizer realized by mixing two lasers locked to an optical frequency comb generator," Opt. Commun. 240, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (9)

V. Gerginov, C. E. Tanner, S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, and L. Hollberg, "High-resolution spectroscopy with a femtosecond laser frequency comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 1734-1736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1516-1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, "Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. L. Hansen and P. Buchhave, "Thermal self-frequency locking of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22, 1074-1076 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Mason and N. Wong, "Observation of two distinct phase states in a self-phase-locked type II phase-matched optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1733-1735 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, and S. Ohshima, "Phase-coherent optical frequency division by 3 of 532-nm laser light with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1856-1858 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. Alexander, L. Myers, and R. Byer, "93% pump depletion, 3.5-W continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 21, 1336-1338 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Gross, K. Boller, and M. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Haensch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 lines with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Haensch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of an optical frequency synthesizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of Doppler-free spectroscopy for a Cs D1 line using an optical frequency synthesizer. The red lines are optical paths. PD, photodiode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Third differential signal of the hyperfine structure (Fg = 4 → Fe = 4) of the Cs D1 line at 895 nm. The step frequency is 100 kHz. The dotted curve is a reported frequency (Ref. 1). Inset, step frequency is 500 kHz.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f ( OPO ) = ± f ceo + n f rep ± f beat ,
f = ± f ceo + n f rep ± f beat ± f eom ,

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