Abstract

We demonstrate a novel method for the fabrication of glass photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with a die-cast process. SF6 glass is used as the material for PCFs, and the die is made of heat-resisting alloy steel, whose inner structure matches the PCF's structure. The die is put vertically in the vessel with SF6 glass, and the vacuum hose is attached to the top of the die. The die and glass are put in the furnace to heat at 870  K. The die is slowly filled with the softening glass under vacuum conduction until it is full. It is kept in the furnace to anneal at a rate of 20 K∕h to remove the thermal stress that could lead to cracks. The outer tube of the die is taken apart when its temperature is close to room temperature, and the fused glass bundle is etched in an acidic solution to remove the heat-resisting alloy steel rods. Thus, the etched bundle is ready to use as a PCF preform. The PCF is observed in the generation of a supercontinuum, with the flat plateau in the spectrum of the output emission stretching from 400 to 1400  nm by experimental measurement. The transmission loss is 0.20.3dB/m at wavelengths of 420900  nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Data sheet for N-SF6, Schott Glass Company (2001).

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

P. Rigby, "Optics:a photonic crystal fiber," Nature 396, 415-416 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).

Bjarklev, A. S.

J. Broeng and A. S. Bjarklev, "Photonic Crystal fibers" (Kluwer Academic, 2003).

Broeng, J.

J. Broeng and A. S. Bjarklev, "Photonic Crystal fibers" (Kluwer Academic, 2003).

Falkenstein, P.

Fiorentino, M.

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Justus, B. L.

Kaiser, P.

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

Kumar, P.

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, V. V. Ravi Kanth

Marcatili, E. A. J.

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).

Merritt, C. D.

Miller, S. E.

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).

Monro, T. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mooer, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, W. H.

Richardson, D. J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rigby, P.

P. Rigby, "Optics:a photonic crystal fiber," Nature 396, 415-416 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Rutt, H. N.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, J. E.

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

P. Kaiser, E. A. J. Marcatili, and S. E. Miller, "A new optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 265-269 (1973).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Mooer, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode nonsilica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. E. Sharp, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, "All-optical switching base in cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 77-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rigby, "Optics:a photonic crystal fiber," Nature 396, 415-416 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Broeng and A. S. Bjarklev, "Photonic Crystal fibers" (Kluwer Academic, 2003).

Data sheet for N-SF6, Schott Glass Company (2001).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Theoretical structure of the PCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Heat-resisting alloy steel die for the fabrication of PCF preform.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Setup of PCF preform fabrication.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross-sectional SEM image of the PCF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for supercontinuum generation measurement in PCF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Generation of supercontinuum in PCF.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmission loss of the PCF.

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