Abstract

Diffusion bonded (DB) walk-off compensated KTP crystals offer an alternative nonlinear medium for efficient 1  to  2  μm conversion within optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) at low pulse energies. Spatial variations in optical absorption and transmission values measured at 2   μm are reported for two DB-KTP crystals. Finally, a comparison is made between the conversion efficiency obtained from a degenerate 1 μm pumped OPO using a single 20   mm KTP crystal and an equivalent length DB-KTP crystal consisting of two bonded 10 mm crystals.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  9. Crystal laser S. A. Parc d'Activite du Breuil, 32 rue Robert Schumann, F-54850 Messein France; http://www.cristal-laser.fr/.
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2003 (1)

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

2000 (1)

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, "Single-mode near and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 176, 267-271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abed, M.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Albrecht, H.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Barnes, N. P.

Baxter, G. W.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, "Single-mode near and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 176, 267-271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bonnin, C.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chong, T. C.

Hani, M. G.

Henriksson, M.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrow linewidth near-degenerate optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating output coupler," presented at the OSA Advanced Solid State Photonics meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 29 January-1 February 2006, paper TuC4.

Khodja, S.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Kung, A. H.

Lai, K. S.

Laurell, F.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrow linewidth near-degenerate optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating output coupler," presented at the OSA Advanced Solid State Photonics meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 29 January-1 February 2006, paper TuC4.

Lewis, K. L.

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

Lupinsky, D.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Mason, P. D.

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

B. Perrett, J. A. C. Terry, P. D. Mason, and D. A. Orchard, "Spectral line narrowing in PPLN OPO devices for 1 μm wavelength doubling," in Solid State Laser Technology and Femtosecond Phenomena, J. A. C. Terry and W. A. Clarkson, eds., Proc. SPIE 5620, (2004).

McBrearty, E. J.

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

McEwan, K. J.

J. A. C. Terry, K. J. McEwan, and M. J. P. Payne, "A tandem OPO route to the mid-IR," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W.R.Bosenberg and M.M.Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of USA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (OSA, 1998) pp. 236-239.

McKinnie, I. T.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, "Single-mode near and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 176, 267-271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murray, K. E.

Orchard, D. A.

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

B. Perrett, J. A. C. Terry, P. D. Mason, and D. A. Orchard, "Spectral line narrowing in PPLN OPO devices for 1 μm wavelength doubling," in Solid State Laser Technology and Femtosecond Phenomena, J. A. C. Terry and W. A. Clarkson, eds., Proc. SPIE 5620, (2004).

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrow linewidth near-degenerate optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating output coupler," presented at the OSA Advanced Solid State Photonics meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 29 January-1 February 2006, paper TuC4.

Payne, M. J. P.

J. A. C. Terry, K. J. McEwan, and M. J. P. Payne, "A tandem OPO route to the mid-IR," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W.R.Bosenberg and M.M.Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of USA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (OSA, 1998) pp. 236-239.

Perrett, B.

B. Perrett, J. A. C. Terry, P. D. Mason, and D. A. Orchard, "Spectral line narrowing in PPLN OPO devices for 1 μm wavelength doubling," in Solid State Laser Technology and Femtosecond Phenomena, J. A. C. Terry and W. A. Clarkson, eds., Proc. SPIE 5620, (2004).

Phua, P. B.

Pollack, T. M.

Rainaud, B.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Schlup, P.

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, "Single-mode near and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 176, 267-271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Sjoqvist, L.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrow linewidth near-degenerate optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating output coupler," presented at the OSA Advanced Solid State Photonics meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 29 January-1 February 2006, paper TuC4.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 1996).

Terry, J. A. C.

J. A. C. Terry, K. J. McEwan, and M. J. P. Payne, "A tandem OPO route to the mid-IR," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W.R.Bosenberg and M.M.Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of USA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (OSA, 1998) pp. 236-239.

B. Perrett, J. A. C. Terry, P. D. Mason, and D. A. Orchard, "Spectral line narrowing in PPLN OPO devices for 1 μm wavelength doubling," in Solid State Laser Technology and Femtosecond Phenomena, J. A. C. Terry and W. A. Clarkson, eds., Proc. SPIE 5620, (2004).

Wu, R. F.

Yu, C. S.

Zondy, J. J.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Schlup, G. W. Baxter, and I. T. McKinnie, "Single-mode near and mid-infrared periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 176, 267-271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjoqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrow linewidth near-degenerate optical parametric oscillation in periodically poled LiNbO3 with volume Bragg grating output coupler," presented at the OSA Advanced Solid State Photonics meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 29 January-1 February 2006, paper TuC4.

J. A. C. Terry, K. J. McEwan, and M. J. P. Payne, "A tandem OPO route to the mid-IR," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W.R.Bosenberg and M.M.Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of USA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (OSA, 1998) pp. 236-239.

J. J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, and D. Lupinsky "Walkoff-compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin crystal AgGeSe2 and KTiOPO4 devices," M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700,66-72 (1996).

Crystal laser S. A. Parc d'Activite du Breuil, 32 rue Robert Schumann, F-54850 Messein France; http://www.cristal-laser.fr/.

D. A. Orchard, P. D. Mason, E. J. McBrearty and K. L. Lewis, "Laser calorimetry as a tool for the optimization of mid-infrared OPO materials," G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 379-387 (2003).

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, 1996).

B. Perrett, J. A. C. Terry, P. D. Mason, and D. A. Orchard, "Spectral line narrowing in PPLN OPO devices for 1 μm wavelength doubling," in Solid State Laser Technology and Femtosecond Phenomena, J. A. C. Terry and W. A. Clarkson, eds., Proc. SPIE 5620, (2004).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

2D spatial transmission maps of DBAR coated DB-KTP crystals:(A) 2 mm × 10 mm crystals (single bond) and (B) 4 mm × 8 mm crystals (three bonds).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of OPO cavity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Slope efficiency of single crystal and bonded pair.

Equations (3)

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g L = ( 16 π 2 d eff          2 L eff        2 ε 0 n o     2 c λ p     2 ) P p 1 2 n p π w p     2 ,
L eff = L w e r f ( π 2 L crys L w )
L w = π 2 w p ρ ¯ ( w p     2 + w s     2 w p     2 + w s     2 2 ) 1 / 2 ,

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