Abstract

The in-flight wavelength calibration for the Ozone Monitoring Instrument is discussed. The observed variability in the wavelength scale is two orders of magnitude larger than caused by temperature changes in the instrument. These wavelength variations are the result of rapid changes in time in the radiance levels during an individual observation in the presence of clouds or snow and ice. We have developed a data processing method to account and correct for these changes. In February 2005 this correction was implemented in the official data processing stream. We explain in detail how and how accurately this method works. Before correction, the error in the wavelength scale can be as much as a few tenths of a pixel; after correction it is mostly less than 1/100th of a pixel, which is the required preflight accuracy. This means that higher-level products such as the total column amounts of ozone, NO2, and SO2 are not significantly affected. It is expected that these wavelength variations will be observed in other hyperspectral Earth observation spectrometers and that the correction mechanism should apply equally well.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).
  2. P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).
  3. J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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  5. J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Spurr, "GOME Level 1 to 2 algorithms description," Tech. Note ER-TN-DLR-GO-0025 (DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, 1994).
  7. J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).
  8. P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.
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    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).
  15. J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).
  16. R. Dirksen, M. Dobber, R. Voors, and P. Levelt, "Ozone monitoring instrument pre-launch characterization of the instrument transfer function in the spectral domain," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  17. J. F. Grainger and J. Ring, "Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles," Nature 193, 762-764 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  18. OMI Algorithm theoretical basis documents, www.knmi.nl/omi/research/documents (August 2005).

2005 (2)

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

J. H. G. M. van Geffen, "Wavelength calibration of spectra measured by the Global Ozone Monitoring Instrument: variation along orbits and in time," Appl. Opt. 43, 695-706 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, "Error analyses for troposheric NO2 retrieval from space," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D04311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. Spurr, "GOME Level 1 to 2 algorithms description," Tech. Note ER-TN-DLR-GO-0025 (DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, 1994).

1978 (1)

D. F. Heath and H. Park, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) experiment," in The Nimbus-7 Users Guide, C.R.Madrid, ed. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, (1978), pp. 175-211.

1962 (1)

J. F. Grainger and J. Ring, "Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles," Nature 193, 762-764 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bhartia, P. K.

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.

Boersma, K. F.

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, "Error analyses for troposheric NO2 retrieval from space," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D04311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bramstedt, K.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brinksma, E. J.

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, "Error analyses for troposheric NO2 retrieval from space," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D04311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Buchwitz, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J. P.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

Claas, J.

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

De Beek, R.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Haan, J. F.

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

de Vries, J.

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Dierssen, W.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Dirksen, R.

M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

R. Dirksen, M. Dobber, R. Voors, and P. Levelt, "Ozone monitoring instrument pre-launch characterization of the instrument transfer function in the spectral domain," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Dirksen, R. J.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Dobber, M.

M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

R. Dirksen, M. Dobber, R. Voors, and P. Levelt, "Ozone monitoring instrument pre-launch characterization of the instrument transfer function in the spectral domain," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Dobber, M. R.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

G. H. J. van den Oord, J. P. Veefkind, P. F. Levelt, and M. R. Dobber, "Level 0 to 1B processing and operational aspects," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Eichmann, K. W.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisinger, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eskes, H. J.

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, "Error analyses for troposheric NO2 retrieval from space," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D04311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flynn, L. E.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.

Fricke, W.

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goede, A. P. H.

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grainger, J. F.

J. F. Grainger and J. Ring, "Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles," Nature 193, 762-764 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Heath, D. F.

D. F. Heath and H. Park, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) experiment," in The Nimbus-7 Users Guide, C.R.Madrid, ed. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, (1978), pp. 175-211.

Hilsenrath, E.

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Hoelzle, E.

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hoogen, R.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jaross, G.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Kleipool, Q.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Kowalewski, M.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Kroon, M.

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leppelmeier, G.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Leppelmeier, G. W.

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Levelt, P.

M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dirksen, M. Dobber, R. Voors, and P. Levelt, "Ozone monitoring instrument pre-launch characterization of the instrument transfer function in the spectral domain," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Levelt, P. F.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

G. H. J. van den Oord, J. P. Veefkind, P. F. Levelt, and M. R. Dobber, "Level 0 to 1B processing and operational aspects," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

McPeters, R. D.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.

Mount, G. H.

Park, H.

D. F. Heath and H. Park, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) experiment," in The Nimbus-7 Users Guide, C.R.Madrid, ed. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, (1978), pp. 175-211.

Perner, D.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richter, A.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ring, J.

J. F. Grainger and J. Ring, "Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles," Nature 193, 762-764 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rozanov, V.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rozemeijer, N.

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Spurr, R.

R. Spurr, "GOME Level 1 to 2 algorithms description," Tech. Note ER-TN-DLR-GO-0025 (DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, 1994).

Spurr, R. J. D.

Tamminen, J.

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

van den Oord, G. H. J.

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

G. H. J. van den Oord, J. P. Veefkind, P. F. Levelt, and M. R. Dobber, "Level 0 to 1B processing and operational aspects," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

van Geffen, J. H. G. M.

Veefkind, J. P.

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

G. H. J. van den Oord, J. P. Veefkind, P. F. Levelt, and M. R. Dobber, "Level 0 to 1B processing and operational aspects," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Visser, H.

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

Voors, R.

M. Dobber, R. Dirksen, R. Voors, G. H. Mount, and P. Levelt, "Ground-based zenith sky abundances and in situ gas cross sections for ozone and nitrogen dioxide with the Earth Observing System Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument," Appl. Opt. 44, 2846-2856 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

R. Dirksen, M. Dobber, R. Voors, and P. Levelt, "Ozone monitoring instrument pre-launch characterization of the instrument transfer function in the spectral domain," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Voors, R. H. M.

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

Weber, M.

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wellemeyer, C. G.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.

Acta Astron. (1)

J. P. Burrows, E. Hoelzle, A. P. H. Goede, H. Visser, and W. Fricke, "SCIAMACHY—Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography," Acta Astron. 35, 445-451 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (5)

G. H. J. van den Oord, J. P. Veefkind, P. F. Levelt, and M. R. Dobber, "Level 0 to 1B processing and operational aspects," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

M. R. Dobber, R. J. Dirksen, P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, R. Voors, Q. Kleipool, G. Jaross, M. Kowalewski, E. Hilsenrath, G. Leppelmeier, J. de Vries, W. Dierssen, and N. Rozemeijer "Ozone monitoring instrument calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

J. P. Veefkind, J. F. de Haan, E. J. Brinksma, M. Kroon, and P. F. Levelt, "Total ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) using the DOAS technique," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, E. Hilsenrath, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. H. J. van den Oord, P. K. Bhartia, J. Tamminen, J. F. de Haan, and J. P. Veefkind, "Science objectives of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

P. F. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, M. R. Dobber, J. Claas, H. Visser, and J. de Vries, "The Ozone Monitoring Instrument," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (to be published).

J. Atmos Sci. (1)

J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A Ladstätter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, R. De Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstedt, K. W. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, and D. Perner, "The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results," J. Atmos Sci. 56, 151-175 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, "Error analyses for troposheric NO2 retrieval from space," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D04311 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. F. Grainger and J. Ring, "Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles," Nature 193, 762-764 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

OMI Algorithm theoretical basis documents, www.knmi.nl/omi/research/documents (August 2005).

J. de Vries, R. H. M. Voors, R. Dirksen, and M. Dobber, "In-orbit performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IX, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE 5978, 234-245 (2005).

D. F. Heath and H. Park, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) experiment," in The Nimbus-7 Users Guide, C.R.Madrid, ed. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, (1978), pp. 175-211.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, L. E. Flynn, and C. G. Wellemeyer, "Highlights of the Version 8 SBUV and TOMS datasets released at this symposium," in Proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, C.S.Zerefos, ed. (International Ozone Commission, 2004), p. 294.

R. Spurr, "GOME Level 1 to 2 algorithms description," Tech. Note ER-TN-DLR-GO-0025 (DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, 1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Change in the wavelength of the reference column of the VIS channel during OMI orbit 3499 (12 March 2005) for the nadir-viewing pixel. Peak-to-peak variations are as much as 0.07 nm, or one third of a pixel. Only observations with a solar zenith angle of less than 85° are shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top, wavelength shift of the reference column of the central row in the VIS channel of orbit 3499 (12 March 2005). Bottom, relative change in the radiance. The correlation coefficient is 0.88, which suggests that the observed variations in the wavelength scale are causally related to the change in the radiance level.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Correlation coefficient between the observed wavelength shift and the rate of change in the radiance for orbit 3499 (12 March 2005). Top, VIS channel; bottom, UV2 channel. dashed curves, result when the change in the radiance is calculated from the difference between two neighboring images. Solid curves, rate of change in the radiance calculated based on the small-pixel radiances, which results in an even better correlation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top left, relative change in the first wavelength polynomial coefficient for a nadir pixel in the VIS channel for orbit 3499 (12 March 2005), expressed in pixels. Top right, relative change in radiance multiplied by a precalculated factor. Bottom left, difference between the two. Bottom right, observed shift (delta calibration) versus the precalculated shift (delta assignment).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

RMS difference in the VIS channel for orbit 3499 (12 March 2005) of the wavelength shift calculated by the spectral calibration and by the rate of change in the small-pixel radiance. The RMS before correction for the inhomogeneous illumination of the entrance slit is shown by diamonds; the plusses give the result after correction. Dotted line, requirement of knowledge of the wavelength scale. It can be clearly seen that the correction brings the reported wavelength scale within the required accuracy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Difference between the wavelength calibration and assignment in the calibrated level 1 product for one day of data (4 September 2005) for the VIS channel. The RMS of the difference is 0.008 pixels. The UV2 channel gives similar results.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of the OMI Instrument

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ = i = 0 n c i ( x x 0 ) i ,
Δ Rad = Rad ( i + 1 ) Rad ( i 1 ) Rad ( i + 1 ) + Rad ( i 1 ) .
Δ Rad smp = Rad smp ( last ) Rad smp ( first ) Rad smp ( last ) + Rad smp ( first ) ,
Δ λ ( row,  col ) = F ( row,  col ) Δ rad ( row,  col ) ,
c i = c i     initial + b i Δ Rad smp ,

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