Abstract

Upcoming multiyear satellite lidar aerosol observations need strong support by a worldwide ground-truth lidar network. In this context the question arises as to whether the ground stations can deliver the same results as obtained from space when the Klett formalism is applied to elastic backscatter lidar data for the same aerosol case. This question is investigated based on simulations of observed cases of simple and complex aerosol layering. The results show that the differences between spaceborne and ground-based observations can be as large as 20% for the backscatter and extinction coefficients and the optimum estimates of the column lidar ratios. In cases with complex aerosol layering, the application of the two-layer approach can lead to similar results (space, ground) and accurate products provided that horizontally homogeneous aerosol conditions are given.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  19. M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

2005 (2)

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, "Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 511-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

European Space Agency, "EarthCARE—Earth clouds, aerosols, and radiation explorer," Rep. ESA SP-1257 (1) (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2001).

1995 (1)

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

Ackermann, J.

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

Althausen, D.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, T. L.

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, E.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ansmann, A.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, "Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 511-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

A. Ansmann, and D. Müller, "Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles," in LIDAR—Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105-141.

Bissonnette, L. R.

L. R. Bissonnette, "Lidar and multiple scattering," in LIDAR—Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 43-103.

Böckmann, C.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bösenberg, J.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Browell, E. V.

Charlson, R. J.

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chatenet, B.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, D. A.

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cormick, M. P.

D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. Cormick, "The CALIPSO mission: spaceborne lidar for observation of aerosols and clouds," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and Z. Liu, eds., Proc. SPIE 4893, 1-11 (2003).

Culoma, A.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Endemann, M.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Engelmann, R.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fernald, F. G.

Fiebig, M.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Flamant, P.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franke, K.

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Freudenthaler, V.

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

Haywood, J. M.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, Q.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heese, B.

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

Holben, B. N.

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holmen, K.

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ichoku, C.

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ingmann, P.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Isaksen, L.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

Kähler, C.

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

Källén, E.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaufmann, Y. J.

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klett, J. D.

Leon, J.-F.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, V.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mattis, I.

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meynart, R.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Müller, D.

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, and D. Müller, "Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles," in LIDAR—Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105-141.

Ogren, J. A.

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pailleux, J.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pelon, J.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pelon, J. R.

D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. Cormick, "The CALIPSO mission: spaceborne lidar for observation of aerosols and clouds," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and Z. Liu, eds., Proc. SPIE 4893, 1-11 (2003).

Quenzel, H.

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

Reddy, M. Shekar

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Remer, L. A.

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sasano, Y.

Scheele, R.

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schyberg, H.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoffelen, A.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stohl, A.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanré, D.

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. M.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, C.

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, F.

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wandinger, U.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, "Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 511-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

Weiß, V.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wendisch, M.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wergen, W.

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wiegner, M.

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

Winker, D. M.

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. Cormick, "The CALIPSO mission: spaceborne lidar for observation of aerosols and clouds," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and Z. Liu, eds., Proc. SPIE 4893, 1-11 (2003).

D. M. Winker, "Simulation and modelling of multiple scattering effects observed in LITE data," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, R. Neuber, and P. Rairoux, eds. (Springer, 1997), pp. 185-188.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

A. Stoffelen, J. Pailleux, E. Källén, J. M. Vaughan, L. Isaksen, P. Flamant, W. Wergen, E. Andersson, H. Schyberg, A. Culoma, R. Meynart, M. Endemann, and P. Ingmann, "The Atmospheric Dynamics Mission for global wind field measurements," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 73-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufmann, C. Ichoku, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, and B. N. Holben, "Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land," Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, D. Althausen, U. Wandinger, M. Hu, Y. Zhang, and Q. He, "High aerosol load over the Pearl River Delta, China, observed with Raman lidar and Sun photometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

T. L. Anderson, R. J. Charlson, D. M. Winker, J. A. Ogren, and K. Holmen, "Mesoscale variations of tropospheric aerosols," J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 119-136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (4)

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. Althausen, "Multiyear aerosol observations with dual-wavelength Raman lidar in the framework of EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 109, (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Leon, D. Tanré, J. Pelon, Y. J. Kaufman, J. M. Haywood, and B. Chatenet, "Profiling of a Saharan dust outbreak based on a synergy between active and passive remote sensing," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Franke, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, C. Venkataraman, M. Shekar Reddy, F. Wagner, and R. Scheele, "Optical properties of the Indo-Asian haze layer over the tropical Indian Ocean," J. Geophys. Res. 108, (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiß, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, "Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 107, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rep. ESA SP-1257 (1)

European Space Agency, "EarthCARE—Earth clouds, aerosols, and radiation explorer," Rep. ESA SP-1257 (1) (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2001).

Other (6)

D. M. Winker, "Simulation and modelling of multiple scattering effects observed in LITE data," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, R. Neuber, and P. Rairoux, eds. (Springer, 1997), pp. 185-188.
[CrossRef]

L. R. Bissonnette, "Lidar and multiple scattering," in LIDAR—Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 43-103.

D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. Cormick, "The CALIPSO mission: spaceborne lidar for observation of aerosols and clouds," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and Z. Liu, eds., Proc. SPIE 4893, 1-11 (2003).

A. Ansmann, and D. Müller, "Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles," in LIDAR—Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, C. Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105-141.

C. Kähler, J. Ackermann, M. Wiegner, H. Quenzel, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "The potential contribution of a backscatter lidar to climatological studies," ESA contract 10722/93/NL/SF (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 1995).

M. Wiegner, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, A. Ansmann, and U. Wandinger, "EarthCARE lidar performance simulations," ESA contract 15040/01/NL/MM, ES-TEC (European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Klett solutions for the particle backscatter coefficient β p and the extinction coefficient σ ep and optimum estimates of the height-independent lidar ratio (also given as numbers) for a, a central European boundary layer[13] and b, a southern Chinese haze layer.[14] Dashed and thick solid curves show simulated observations from space (s) and ground (g), respectively. CB and OD denote the column-integrated backscatter and optical depth of particles, respectively. Thin solid curves show the true profiles of optical properties used as input parameters in the signal simulation. True column backscatter coefficients are a, 0.0027 sr−1 and b, 0.0198 sr−1; true column lidar ratios are a, 52.9 sr and b, 50.6 sr.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Same as Fig. 1, except for a lofted Saharan dust layer over the maritime boundary layer of the subtropical North Atlantic.[15] True column-integrated backscatter (CB) and true column lidar ratio are 0.0118 sr−1 and 46.5 sr, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a–c, Klett solutions for β p and σ ep and optimum estimates of the column lidar ratio (a, conventional approach; b, c, two-layer approach). The lidar ratio of the lowest layer is preset to b, 40 sr and c, 30 sr. A lofted Indian haze plume over the polluted maritime boundary layer of the tropical Indian Ocean is simulated.[16] True column-integrated backscatter (CB) is 0.0083 sr−1, true column lidar ratios are a, 48.6 sr (conventional approach); b, 34.7 sr (0–1 km); and c, 63.3 sr (1–3 km). For more explanations, see Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a–c. Same as Fig. 4, except for a lofted Canadian forest fire smoke plume over the continental European boundary layer.[17] In the two-layer approach the lidar ratio of the lowest layer is preset to b, 43 sr and c, 53 sr. True column-integrated backscatter (CB) is 0.0049 sr−1, true column lidar ratios are a, 61.6 sr (conventional approach); b, 53.7 sr (0–1 km); and c, 71.4 sr (1–3 km, two-layer approach). For more explanations, see Fig. 1.

Equations (1)

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S col = R 1 R 2 σ e p ( r ) d r R 1 R 2 β p ( r ) d r = R 1 R 2 S ( r ) β p ( r ) d r R 1 R 2 β p ( r ) d r

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