Abstract

We describe the development of an instrument that uses a Martin-Puplett-type Fourier-transform spectrometer to apply an aperture synthesis technique to millimeter and submillimeter waves. We call this instrument a multi-Fourier-transform interferometer (MuFT). The MuFT performs wideband imaging, spectroscopy, and polarimetry, at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. We describe the fundamentals of the MuFT and give an example of one potential implementation. A full description of the observables with a MuFT is provided. A physical explanation of the observability of complex visibility by the MuFT is given. Fundamental restrictions on observations with the MuFT, e.g., limits on spectral and spatial resolution and on fields of view, are discussed. The advantages of the MuFT are summarized.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (1)

M. Hattori and N. Okabe, " A direct method for measuring heat conductivity in an intracluster medium," Astrophys. J. 625, pp. 741- 747 ( 2005).

2004 (3)

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

2001 (2)

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

1990 (1)

J. E. Conway, T. J. Cornwell, and P. N. Wilkinson, " Multi-frequency synthesis: a new technique in radio interferometric imaging," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 246, 490- 509 ( 1990).

1988 (2)

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

J. -M. Mariotti and S. T. Ridgway, " Double Fourier spatio-spectral interferometry--combining high spectral and high spatial resolution in the near infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 195, 350- 363 ( 1988).

1986 (1)

1972 (1)

R. A. Sunyaev and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, " The observations of relic radiation as a test of the nature of x-ray radiation from the clusters of galaxies," Comments. Astrophys. Space Phys. 4, 173- 178 ( 1972).

1969 (1)

D. H. Martin and E. Puplett, " Polarized interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105- 109 ( 1969).

Akiba, M.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Ariyoshi, S.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Armstrong, T.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Beasley, A. J.

T. L. Wilson, A. J. Beasley, and H. A. Wootten, " Status of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array," presented at the meeting Cool Universe: Observing Cosmic Beginnings 2004, Valparaiso, Chile, 4-8 October 2004.

Benford, D. J.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, 1975), Chap. 10.

Cartwright, J. K.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Chen, T. C.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Chervenak, J. A.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Chiueh, T. H.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Colavita, M. M.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Conway, J. E.

J. E. Conway, T. J. Cornwell, and P. N. Wilkinson, " Multi-frequency synthesis: a new technique in radio interferometric imaging," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 246, 490- 509 ( 1990).

Cornwell, T. J.

J. E. Conway, T. J. Cornwell, and P. N. Wilkinson, " Multi-frequency synthesis: a new technique in radio interferometric imaging," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 246, 490- 509 ( 1990).

Devlin, M. J.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Dicker, S. R.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Dwek, E.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Ezawa, H.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Frey, B. J.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Fujiwara, M.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Hacking, P.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Harwit, M.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Hattori, M.

M. Hattori and N. Okabe, " A direct method for measuring heat conductivity in an intracluster medium," Astrophys. J. 625, pp. 741- 747 ( 2005).

M. Hattori, I. S. Ohta, H. Matsuo, and Y. Shibata, " The application of MP-FTS to aperture synthesis," Rep. SP 14, (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 353-360.

Hershey, J. L.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Hines, B. E.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Hosako, I.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Hughes, J. A.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Hutter, D. H.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Irwin, K. D.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Ishiguro, M.

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

Itoh, K.

Iwashita, H.

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

Johnston, K. J.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Kansawa, T.

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

Kaplan, G. H.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Kasuga, T.

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

Kesteven, M.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Kirk, J.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Kobayashi, J.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Leisawitz, D.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

J. C. Mather and D. Leisawitz, " The SPIRIT and SPECS far-infrared/submillimeter interferometry missions," Rep. Sp 14 (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 219-224.

Leisawitz, D. T.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Leviton, D. B.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Liang, H.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Lo, K. Y.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Lobsinger, L.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Lyon, R.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Ma, C. -P.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Mariotti, J. -M.

J. -M. Mariotti and S. T. Ridgway, " Double Fourier spatio-spectral interferometry--combining high spectral and high spatial resolution in the near infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 195, 350- 363 ( 1988).

Martin, D. H.

D. H. Martin and E. Puplett, " Polarized interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105- 109 ( 1969).

Martin, R. N.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Martino, A. J.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Mason, B. S.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Mather, J. C.

J. C. Mather and D. Leisawitz, " The SPIRIT and SPECS far-infrared/submillimeter interferometry missions," Rep. Sp 14 (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 219-224.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Matsuo, H.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

M. Hattori, I. S. Ohta, H. Matsuo, and Y. Shibata, " The application of MP-FTS to aperture synthesis," Rep. SP 14, (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 353-360.

Moran, J. M.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Jr., Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2001).

Mori, Y.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Morita, K. -I.

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

Moseley, S. H.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Mozurkewich, D.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Mundy, L. G.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Mushotzky, R. F.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Nagata, H.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Neufeld, D.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Ng, K. -W.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Ohta, I. S.

I. S. Ohta, " Application of aperture synthesis type interferometer with Martin and Puplett type Fourier transform spectrometer," master's degree dissertation (Tohoku University, 2001).

I. S. Ohta, " Development of astronomical interferometer applying Fourier transform spectroscopy to aperture synthesis system in mm and sub-mm band," Ph.D. dissertation (Tohoku University, 2004).

M. Hattori, I. S. Ohta, H. Matsuo, and Y. Shibata, " The application of MP-FTS to aperture synthesis," Rep. SP 14, (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 353-360.

Ohtsuka, Y.

Okabe, N.

M. Hattori and N. Okabe, " A direct method for measuring heat conductivity in an intracluster medium," Astrophys. J. 625, pp. 741- 747 ( 2005).

Otani, C.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Padin, S.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Pauls, T.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Pearson, T. J.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Pen, U. -L.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Peterson, J.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Puplett, E.

D. H. Martin and E. Puplett, " Polarized interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105- 109 ( 1969).

Readhead, A. C. S.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Ridgway, S. T.

J. -M. Mariotti and S. T. Ridgway, " Double Fourier spatio-spectral interferometry--combining high spectral and high spatial resolution in the near infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 195, 350- 363 ( 1988).

Rieke, J.

J. Rieke, Detection of Light, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2003).

Rinehart, S. A.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Sault, R.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Sears, E.

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

Shao, M.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Shepherd, M.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Shibata, Y.

M. Hattori, I. S. Ohta, H. Matsuo, and Y. Shibata, " The application of MP-FTS to aperture synthesis," Rep. SP 14, (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 353-360.

Shimizu, H. M.

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Sievers, J.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Simon, R. S.

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Spergel, D.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Staguhn, J. G.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Subrahmanyan, R.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Sunyaev, R. A.

R. A. Sunyaev and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, " The observations of relic radiation as a test of the nature of x-ray radiation from the clusters of galaxies," Comments. Astrophys. Space Phys. 4, 173- 178 ( 1972).

Supanich, M. P.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Swenson, G. W.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Jr., Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2001).

Thompson, A. R.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Jr., Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2001).

Udomprasert, P.

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

Wilkinson, P. N.

J. E. Conway, T. J. Cornwell, and P. N. Wilkinson, " Multi-frequency synthesis: a new technique in radio interferometric imaging," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 246, 490- 509 ( 1990).

Wilson, T. L.

T. L. Wilson, A. J. Beasley, and H. A. Wootten, " Status of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array," presented at the meeting Cool Universe: Observing Cosmic Beginnings 2004, Valparaiso, Chile, 4-8 October 2004.

Wilson, W.

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, 1975), Chap. 10.

Wollack, E. J.

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

Wootten, H. A.

T. L. Wilson, A. J. Beasley, and H. A. Wootten, " Status of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array," presented at the meeting Cool Universe: Observing Cosmic Beginnings 2004, Valparaiso, Chile, 4-8 October 2004.

Wright, E. L.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

Zel'dovich, B. Ya.

R. A. Sunyaev and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, " The observations of relic radiation as a test of the nature of x-ray radiation from the clusters of galaxies," Comments. Astrophys. Space Phys. 4, 173- 178 ( 1972).

Zmuidzinas, J.

J. Zmuidzinas, " The role of coherent detection," in New Concepts for Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Space Astronomy, D. Benford and D. T. Leisawitz, eds. document CP-2003-212233 (NASA, 2003), pp. 329-341.

AIP Conf. Proc. (2)

B. S. Mason, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, M. Shepherd, J. Sievers, P. Udomprasert, J. K. Cartwright, and S. Padin, " First results from the CBI," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 178- 183 ( 2001).

K. Y. Lo, T. H. Chiueh, R. N. Martin, K. -W. Ng, H. Liang, U. -L. Pen, C. -P. Ma, M. Kesteven, R. Sault, R. Subrahmanyan, W. Wilson, and J. Peterson, " AMiBA: array for microwave background anisotropy," AIP Conf. Proc. 586, 172- 177 ( 2001).

Astron. Astrophys. (2)

J. -M. Mariotti and S. T. Ridgway, " Double Fourier spatio-spectral interferometry--combining high spectral and high spatial resolution in the near infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 195, 350- 363 ( 1988).

M. Shao, M. M. Colavita, B. E. Hines, D. H. Hutter, K. J. Johnston, D. Mozurkewich, R. S. Simon, J. L. Hershey, J. A. Hughes, and G. H. Kaplan, " The Mark III stellar interferometer," Astron. Astrophys. 193, 357- 371 ( 1988).

Astrophys. J. (1)

M. Hattori and N. Okabe, " A direct method for measuring heat conductivity in an intracluster medium," Astrophys. J. 625, pp. 741- 747 ( 2005).

Comments. Astrophys. Space Phys. (1)

R. A. Sunyaev and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, " The observations of relic radiation as a test of the nature of x-ray radiation from the clusters of galaxies," Comments. Astrophys. Space Phys. 4, 173- 178 ( 1972).

Infrared Phys. (1)

D. H. Martin and E. Puplett, " Polarized interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105- 109 ( 1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

J. E. Conway, T. J. Cornwell, and P. N. Wilkinson, " Multi-frequency synthesis: a new technique in radio interferometric imaging," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 246, 490- 509 ( 1990).

Proc. SPIE (3)

S. A. Rinehart, T. Armstrong, B. J. Frey, J. Kirk, D. T. Leisawitz, D. B. Leviton, L. Lobsinger, R. Lyon, A. J. Martino, T. Pauls, L. G. Mundy, and E. Sears " The Wide-Field Imaging Interferometry Testbed. I. Progress, results, and future plans," in New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 920- 931 ( 2004).

D. J. Benford, S. R. Dicker, E. J. Wollack, M. P. Supanich, J. G. Staguhn, S. H. Moseley, K. D. Irwin, M. J. Devlin, J. A. Chervenak, and T. C. Chen, " A planar two-dimensional superconducting bolometer array for the Green Bank Telescope," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 208- 219 ( 2004).

H. Matsuo, S. Ariyoshi, C. Otani, H. Ezawa, J. Kobayashi, Y. Mori, H. Nagata, H. M. Shimizu, M. Fujiwara, M. Akiba, and I. Hosako, " Design of wide-field submillimeter-wave camera using SIS photon detectors," in Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, J. Zmuidzinas, W. S. Holland, and S. Withington, eds., Proc. SPIE 5498, 371- 380 ( 2004).

Other (11)

J. Zmuidzinas, " The role of coherent detection," in New Concepts for Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Space Astronomy, D. Benford and D. T. Leisawitz, eds. document CP-2003-212233 (NASA, 2003), pp. 329-341.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Jr., Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2001).

M. Ishiguro, K. -I. Morita, T. Kasuga, T. Kansawa, and H. Iwashita, " The Nobeyama millimeter-wave interferometer," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy (International Union of Radio Science, 1985), pp. 75-84.

T. L. Wilson, A. J. Beasley, and H. A. Wootten, " Status of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array," presented at the meeting Cool Universe: Observing Cosmic Beginnings 2004, Valparaiso, Chile, 4-8 October 2004.

J. Rieke, Detection of Light, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2003).

I. S. Ohta, " Development of astronomical interferometer applying Fourier transform spectroscopy to aperture synthesis system in mm and sub-mm band," Ph.D. dissertation (Tohoku University, 2004).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 5th ed. (Pergamon, 1975), Chap. 10.

J. C. Mather and D. Leisawitz, " The SPIRIT and SPECS far-infrared/submillimeter interferometry missions," Rep. Sp 14 (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 219-224.

I. S. Ohta, " Application of aperture synthesis type interferometer with Martin and Puplett type Fourier transform spectrometer," master's degree dissertation (Tohoku University, 2001).

M. Hattori, I. S. Ohta, H. Matsuo, and Y. Shibata, " The application of MP-FTS to aperture synthesis," Rep. SP 14, (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 2000), pp. 353-360.

J. C. Mather, S. H. Moseley, Jr., D. Leisawitz, E. Dwek, P. Hacking, M. Harwit, L. G. Mundy, R. F. Mushotzky, D. Neufeld, D. Spergel, and E. L. Wright, " The submillimeter frontier: a space science imperative," ArXiv Astrophysics e-print (Cornell University, 1998).

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