Abstract

A simple system that simultaneously supports active mode-locking and self-seeding schemes for wavelength-tunable optical short-pulse generation is proposed. The system consists of a gain-switched Fabry–Perot laser diode, an erbium-doped fiber amplifier, a tunable optical filter, and two circulators. The mode-locked optical pulses exhibit good stability, a high side-mode suppression ratio of more than 31  dB over a wide wavelength tuning range of 42  nm, and a pulse width of around 35  ps at a repetition frequency of 2.8  GHz.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. P. Vasilev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, "Dual-wavelength 10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. N. Wang and J. W. Chen, "A simple self-seeding scheme for wavelength-tunable optical short-pulse generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2406-2409 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Zhao and G. Shu, "A fiber laser for effective generation of tunable single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked optical pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556-1558 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Wang and J. W. Chen, "A simple self-seeding scheme for wavelength-tunable optical short-pulse generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2406-2409 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, "Dual-wavelength 10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Y. Zhao and G. Shu, "A fiber laser for effective generation of tunable single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked optical pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556-1558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Vasilev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, "Dual-wavelength 10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, "Dual-wavelength 10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. T.

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. W.

Chi, S.

P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dellende, J.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeck, G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gorbachov, A. V.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gorbuzov, D. Z.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kässner, J.

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. L.

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McGuire, A.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miguel, M. S.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P. C.

P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sancho, J. M.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shu, G.

Y. Zhao and G. Shu, "A fiber laser for effective generation of tunable single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked optical pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556-1558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, D. S.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Torrent, M. C.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, H. Y.

P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Utz, W.

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vasilev, P. P.

P. P. Vasilev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Weber, A. G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and G. Shu, "A fiber laser for effective generation of tunable single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked optical pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556-1558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ulrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhao and G. Shu, "A fiber laser for effective generation of tunable single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked optical pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556-1558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, W. Utz, J. Kässner, and D. Bimberg, "Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded, gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045-3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. Zhao, K. L. Li, K. T. Chan, and H. F. Liu, "Generation of a 10 GHz transform-limited pulse train from a fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor as a modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 1700-1701 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable single-mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by a self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, "High-speed, mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 482-484 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, and M. S. Miguel, "Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537-1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, "Dual-wavelength 10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Peng, H. Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. P. Vasilev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for the combined self-seeding and active mode-locking system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output pulse spectrum of the gain-switched FP laser diode (with a bias current of ∼16 mA).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength-tunable active mode-locked output optical short-pulse spectrum: at (a) 1526.9, (b) 1546.6, and (c) 1554.7 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Active mode-locked optical pulse trains at a wavelength of (a) 1526.9, (b) 1546.6, and (c) 1554.7 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical pulse trains at different modulating frequencies at (a) 2804.273, (b) 2804.223, and (c) 2804.173 MHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Autocorrelation trace of active mode-locked pulses and the corresponding spectrum (inset) at 2804.273 MHz.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured SMSR and the average power of the output pulses at different wavelengths.

Equations (2)

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Δ ω L = k m E m R s ( 1 + α 2 ) 1 / 2 ,
ϕ L = arcsin ( Δ ω Δ ω L ) arctan α ,

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