Abstract

One of the initial steps in the preprocessing of remote sensing data is the atmospheric correction of the at-sensor radiance images, i.e., radiances recorded at the sensor aperture. Apart from the accuracy in the estimation of the concentrations of the main atmospheric species, the retrieved surface reflectance is also influenced by the spectral calibration of the sensor, especially in those wavelengths mostly affected by gaseous absorptions. In particular, errors in the surface reflectance appear when a systematic shift in the nominal channel positions occurs. A method to assess the spectral calibration of hyperspectral imaging spectrometers from the acquired imagery is presented in this paper. The fundamental basis of the method is the calculation of the value of the spectral shift that minimizes the error in the estimates of surface reflectance. This is performed by an optimization procedure that minimizes the deviation between a surface reflectance spectrum and a smoothed one resulting from the application of a low-pass filter. A sensitivity analysis was performed using synthetic data generated with the modtran4 radiative transfer code for several values of the spectral shift and the water vapor column content. The error detected in the retrieval is less than ±0.2  nm for spectral shifts smaller than 2  nm, and less than ±1.0  nm for extreme spectral shifts of 5  nm. A low sensitivity to uncertainties in the estimation of water vapor content was found, which reinforces the robustness of the algorithm. The method was successfully applied to data acquired by different hyperspectral sensors.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).
  3. R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Richter, "On the in-flight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets," Int. J. Remote Sens. 18, 2827-2833 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.
  7. R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).
  9. M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Mourioulis, R. O. Green, and T. G. Chrien, "Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometers for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information," Appl. Opt. 39, 2210-2220 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. J. Kaufman, "The atmospheric effect on the separability of field classes measured from satellites," Remote Sens. Environ. 18, 21-34 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. V. Carrère and J. E. Conel, "Recovery of atmospheric water vapor total column abundance from imaging spectrometer analysis and application to airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 179-204 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).
  19. R. Richter, "Correction of satellite imagery over mountainous terrain," Appl. Opt. 37, 4004-4015 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. Richter and D. Schlaepfer, "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: Atmospheric/topographic correction," Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 2631-2649 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Moreno, "The SPECTRA Barrax Campaign (SPARC): Overview and first results from CHRIS data," in Proceedings of Second CHRIS/PROBA Workshop, ESA/ESRIN, ed. (Frascati, Italy, 2004).

2004 (2)

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Richter and D. Schlaepfer, "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: Atmospheric/topographic correction," Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 2631-2649 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (5)

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Richter, "Correction of satellite imagery over mountainous terrain," Appl. Opt. 37, 4004-4015 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).

R. Richter, "On the in-flight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets," Int. J. Remote Sens. 18, 2827-2833 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. Carrère and J. E. Conel, "Recovery of atmospheric water vapor total column abundance from imaging spectrometer analysis and application to airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 179-204 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Y. J. Kaufman, "The atmospheric effect on the separability of field classes measured from satellites," Remote Sens. Environ. 18, 21-34 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Acharya, P.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adler-Golden, S.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aronsson, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, M. J.

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beran, D.

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

Berk, A.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, L.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biggar, S. F.

K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Borel, C. C.

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Campolongo, F.

A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).

Carrère, V.

V. Carrère and J. E. Conel, "Recovery of atmospheric water vapor total column abundance from imaging spectrometer analysis and application to airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 179-204 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chetwynd, J.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chippendale, B.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Mourioulis, R. O. Green, and T. G. Chrien, "Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometers for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information," Appl. Opt. 39, 2210-2220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cocks, T.

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

Conel, J. E.

V. Carrère and J. E. Conel, "Recovery of atmospheric water vapor total column abundance from imaging spectrometer analysis and application to airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 179-204 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Crowther, B. G.

K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).

Cutter, M.

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. O.

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deuze, J. L.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, C.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eastwood, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Faust, J.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, M.

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gao, B.-C.

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gege, P.

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

Goetz, A. F. H.

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Green, R.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. O.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Mourioulis, R. O. Green, and T. G. Chrien, "Design of pushbroom imaging spectrometers for optimum recovery of spectroscopic and spatial information," Appl. Opt. 39, 2210-2220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X. F.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, G.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Holm, R. G.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Itten, K. I.

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, R. D.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, R.

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

Kaufman, Y. J.

Y. J. Kaufman, "The atmospheric effect on the separability of field classes measured from satellites," Remote Sens. Environ. 18, 21-34 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Keller, J.

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kindel, B. C.

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lobb, D.

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Montes, M. J.

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mooshuber, W.

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

Moreno, J.

J. Moreno, "The SPECTRA Barrax Campaign (SPARC): Overview and first results from CHRIS data," in Proceedings of Second CHRIS/PROBA Workshop, ESA/ESRIN, ed. (Frascati, Italy, 2004).

Mourioulis, P.

Olah, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, J. M.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pavri, B.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pavri, B. E.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qu, Z.

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ratto, M.

A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).

Richter, R.

R. Richter and D. Schlaepfer, "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: Atmospheric/topographic correction," Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 2631-2649 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Richter, "Correction of satellite imagery over mountainous terrain," Appl. Opt. 37, 4004-4015 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Richter, "On the in-flight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets," Int. J. Remote Sens. 18, 2827-2833 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D.

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saltelli, A.

A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).

Santer, R.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sarture, C.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schlaepfer, D.

R. Richter and D. Schlaepfer, "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: Atmospheric/topographic correction," Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 2631-2649 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schläpfer, D.

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, J.

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

Settle, J. J.

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shields, T.

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

Slater, P. N.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Solis, M.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, A.

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

Tarantola, S.

A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).

Teston, F.

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thome, K. J.

K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).

van der Piepen, H.

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

Verbrugghe, M.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Williams, O.

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, I.

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

Yuan, B.

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Can. J. Remote Sens. (1)

K. J. Thome, B. G. Crowther, and S. F. Biggar, "Reflectance- and irradiance-based calibration of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper," Can. J. Remote Sens. 23, 309-317 (1997).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (3)

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-orbit radiometric and spectral calibration characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion derived with an underflight of AVIRIS and in situ measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. H. Goetz, B. C. Kindel, M. Ferri, and Z. Qu, "HATCH: results from simulated radiances, AVIRIS, and HYPERION," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1215-1221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Barnsley, J. J. Settle, M. Cutter, D. Lobb, and F. Teston, "The PROBA/CHRIS mission: A low-cost smallsat for hyperspectral, multi-angle, observations of the Earth surface and atmosphere," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 1512-1520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (2)

R. Richter and D. Schlaepfer, "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: Atmospheric/topographic correction," Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 2631-2649 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Richter, "On the in-flight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets," Int. J. Remote Sens. 18, 2827-2833 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (8)

P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, J. M. Palmer and B. Yuan, "Reflectance and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors," Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 11-37 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, and M. Verbrugghe, "SPOT calibration at the La Crau test site (France)," Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227-237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Green, M. Eastwood, C. Sarture, T. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. Chippendale, J. Faust, B. Pavri, C. Chovit, M. Solis, M. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging spectroscopy and the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Kaufman, "The atmospheric effect on the separability of field classes measured from satellites," Remote Sens. Environ. 18, 21-34 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Schläpfer, C. C. Borel, J. Keller, and K. I. Itten, "Atmospheric precorrected differential absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 353-366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Carrère and J. E. Conel, "Recovery of atmospheric water vapor total column abundance from imaging spectrometer analysis and application to airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 179-204 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Berk, L. Bernstein, G. Anderson, P. Acharya, D. Robertson, J. Chetwynd, and S. Adler-Golden, "modtran cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Saltelli, S. Tarantola, F. Campolongo, and M. Ratto, Sensitivity Analysis in Practice: a Guide to Assessing Scientific Models (Wiley, 2004).

J. Moreno, "The SPECTRA Barrax Campaign (SPARC): Overview and first results from CHRIS data," in Proceedings of Second CHRIS/PROBA Workshop, ESA/ESRIN, ed. (Frascati, Italy, 2004).

P. Gege, D. Beran, W. Mooshuber, J. Schulz, and H. van der Piepen, "System analysis and performance of the new version of the imaging spectrometer ROSIS," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed. (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998).

T. Cocks, R. Jenssen, A. Stewart, I. Wilson, and T. Shields, "The HyMap airborne hyperspectral sensor: the system, calibration and performance," in Proceedings of the First EARSeL Workshop on Imaging Spectroscopy, University of Zurich Remote Sensing Laboratories, ed., (Zurich, Switzerland, 1998), pp. 37-42.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Surface reflectance spectrum derived from a synthetic at-sensor radiance spectrum (where a +2.0 nm spectral shift was added to a typical hyperspectral sensor band setting) before and after applying the smoothing given in Eq. (2). The reflectance spectrum obtained using the shifted wavelengths is offset by +20% for clarity. The thin curve corresponds to the atmospheric transmittance spectrum for the same configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Flow chart of the main steps of the spectral shift method, to be applied to all the pixels in the average cross-track direction array. The shaded boxes represent the inputs provided by the user.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Estimation of the relative error in the surface reflectance caused by different values of the spectral shift (expressed in nanometers) for the particular inputs used in the generation of the synthetic data set given in Section 3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Values of ε(δ) in Eq. (5) for the synthetic data set as a function of the simulated shift.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison between input and retrieved value of the spectral shift for the four HyMap spectrometers for a perfect guess in the water vapor column content. The right axes show the absolute difference between simulated and retrieved values. All the values are given in nanometers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison between input and retrieved value of the spectral shift for the four HyMap spectrometers, for a 0.6 g cm−2 error in the water vapor column content. The right axes show the absolute difference between simulated and retrieved values. All values are given in nanometers.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectral shift in the cross-track direction for the four HyMap spectrometers in the 2004 spectral configuration.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Surface reflectance spectra in HyMap spectrometer 2 for a concrete field and a bare soil target from the Wessling scene for a concrete field (top curves) and a bare soil target (bottom curves). The dashed line and the shaded area represent the average over the ASD ground radiometer measurements and its standard deviation.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Wavelength shift in spectrometer 2 of HyMap as a function of the day of the 2004 campaign.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

AVIRIS spectra before and after recalibration for vegetation and bare soil targets.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Spectral shift in the cross-track direction for ROSIS (2003 spectral configuration) and CHRIS (2004 spectral configuration) instruments.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

ROSIS spectra before and after recalibration for vegetation and bare soil targets.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

PROBA∕CHRIS spectra before and after recalibration for vegetation and bare soil targets.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Values of RMSD for Five Different Water Vapor Contents in Each HyMap Spectrometers

Equations (5)

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L ( λ ) = L 0 ( λ ) + E g ( λ ) π ρ ( λ ) [ τ d i r ( λ ) + τ d i f ( λ ) ] ,
ρ i     smooth = 1 N j = i m i + m ρ j ( δ ) , m = N 1 2 .
χ 2 ( δ ) = i = 1 N c [ ρ i     surf ( δ ) ρ i     smooth ] 2 ,
S i ( λ ; δ ) = exp [ ( ( λ λ c ( i ) δ ) C σ i ) 2 ] ,
ε ( δ ) = i = 1 N c [ ρ i   theor ρ i     smooth ( δ ) ] 2 i = 1 N c ρ i  theor ,

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