Abstract

Parallel high-density free-space optical interconnects typically relay multiple channels in an array configuration; thus, they require good uniformity across their aperture for optimum performance. Rigorous coupled wave analysis is used to determine the throughput off-axis diffraction efficiency for Fresnel lenses within a diffractive imaging relay. The rigorous results are compared with scalar theory and show a significant nonuniformity not predicted by scalar theory. However, the polarization sensitivity is found to be negligible for the f-numbers considered (f/2.9 to f/10.2). These results are supported by experiment.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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