Abstract

4f pulse shapers have been widely used to temporally manipulate femtosecond optical pulses by spectral filtering. When the temporal waveform is manipulated with a spatial light modulator consisting of segmented pixels, the spatial profile of the output beam also varies because of diffraction at the pixel array, which is known as a spatiotemporal coupling effect. This effect produces a complicated spatiotemporal profile near the focus of the ultrashort pulses, which may affect the interpretation of experimental results obtained with shaped ultrashort pulses. We investigate the spatial intensity distribution at the focus of temporally shaped pulses through ablation experiments. The three-dimensional space–time beam profile is also numerically calculated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Rabitz, “Shaped laser pulses as reagents,” Science 299, 525–526 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

T. Tanabe, H. Tanabe, Y. Teramura, F. Kannari, “Spatiotemporal measurements based on spatial spectral interferometry for ultrashort optical pulses shaped by a Fourier pulse shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2795–2802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Levis, H. Rabitz, “Closing the loop on bond selective chemistry using tailored strong field laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 6427–6444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, H. Rabitz, “Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses,” Science 292, 709–712 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takeoka, D. Fujishima, F. Kannari, “Optimization of ultrashort-pulse squeezing by spectral filtering with the Fourier pulse-shaping technique,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1592–1594 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, D. H. Reitze, “Adaptive control of femtosecond pulse propagation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 938–940 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

1996 (1)

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. Paye, A. Migus, “Space–time Wigner functions and their application to the analysis of a pulse shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1480–1490 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Bardeen, Q. Wang, C. V. Shank, “Selective excitation of vibrational wave packet motion using chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3410–3413 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

R. S. Judson, H. Rabitz, “Teaching lasers to control molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500–1503 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arlt, S.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Muranane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, G. Vdovin, “Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 24, 493–495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baldis, H.

Bardeen, C. J.

C. J. Bardeen, Q. Wang, C. V. Shank, “Selective excitation of vibrational wave packet motion using chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3410–3413 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumann, B.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, T.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyle, M.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, E. E. B.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chanteloup, J. C.

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cogdell, R. J.

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Damrauer, N.

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

Fotakis, C.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujishima, D.

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herek, J. L.

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, I. V.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horn, Ch.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

Huignard, J.-P.

Itakura, R.

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Judson, R. S.

R. S. Judson, H. Rabitz, “Teaching lasers to control molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500–1503 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kannari, F.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, H. Tanabe, Y. Teramura, F. Kannari, “Spatiotemporal measurements based on spatial spectral interferometry for ultrashort optical pulses shaped by a Fourier pulse shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2795–2802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Takeoka, D. Fujishima, F. Kannari, “Optimization of ultrashort-pulse squeezing by spectral filtering with the Fourier pulse-shaping technique,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1592–1594 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koudoumas, E.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kunde, J.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Levis, R. J.

R. J. Levis, H. Rabitz, “Closing the loop on bond selective chemistry using tailored strong field laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 6427–6444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, H. Rabitz, “Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses,” Science 292, 709–712 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loiseaux, B.

Maginnis, K.

Menkir, G. M.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, H. Rabitz, “Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses,” Science 292, 709–712 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migus, A.

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moores, M. D.

Morier-Genoud, F.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Motzkus, M.

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Muranane, M.

Murnane, M. M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohno, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Omenetto, F. G.

Paye, J.

Präkelt, A.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rabitz, H.

H. Rabitz, “Shaped laser pulses as reagents,” Science 299, 525–526 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Levis, H. Rabitz, “Closing the loop on bond selective chemistry using tailored strong field laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 6427–6444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, H. Rabitz, “Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses,” Science 292, 709–712 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Judson, H. Rabitz, “Teaching lasers to control molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500–1503 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitze, D. H.

Rosenfeld, A.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russek, U.

Salin, F.

Sarpe-Tudoran, C.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shank, C. V.

C. J. Bardeen, Q. Wang, C. V. Shank, “Selective excitation of vibrational wave packet motion using chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3410–3413 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siegner, U.

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spyridaki, M.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stoian, R.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeoka, M.

Tanabe, H.

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, H. Tanabe, Y. Teramura, F. Kannari, “Spatiotemporal measurements based on spatial spectral interferometry for ultrashort optical pulses shaped by a Fourier pulse shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2795–2802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Taylor, A. J.

Teramura, Y.

Thoss, A.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tzanetakis, P.

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Muranane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, G. Vdovin, “Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 24, 493–495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Verluise, F.

Wang, Q.

C. J. Bardeen, Q. Wang, C. V. Shank, “Selective excitation of vibrational wave packet motion using chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3410–3413 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wefers, M. M.

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Winter, M.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wohlleben, W.

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wollenhaupt, M.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, M.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Yamanouchi, K.

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Yazawa, H.

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Muranane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, G. Vdovin, “Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 24, 493–495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeidler, D.

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Kunde, B. Baumann, S. Arlt, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Siegner, U. Keller, “Adaptive feedback control of ultrafast semiconductor nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 924–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, E. E. B. Campbell, I. V. Hertel, “Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353–355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Spyridaki, E. Koudoumas, P. Tzanetakis, C. Fotakis, R. Stoian, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, “Temporal pulse manipulation and ion generation in ultrafast laser ablation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1474–1476 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Wefers, K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, T. Tanabe, T. Okamoto, F. Kannari, “Dissociative ionization of ethanol in chirped intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4179–4186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

R. J. Levis, H. Rabitz, “Closing the loop on bond selective chemistry using tailored strong field laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 6427–6444 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, “Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort optical pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 4A, 1366–1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406, 164–166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Herek, W. Wohlleben, R. J. Cogdell, D. Zeidler, M. Motzkus, “Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting,” Nature 533, 533–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, N. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, G. Gerber, “Photo-selective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. S. Judson, H. Rabitz, “Teaching lasers to control molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1500–1503 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Bardeen, Q. Wang, C. V. Shank, “Selective excitation of vibrational wave packet motion using chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3410–3413 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, Ch. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

H. Rabitz, “Shaped laser pulses as reagents,” Science 299, 525–526 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, H. Rabitz, “Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses,” Science 292, 709–712 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Yazawa, T. Okamoto, T. Tanabe, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, R. Itakura, K. Yamanouchi, “Controllability in dissociative ionization of organic molecules with pulse-shaped intense laser fields,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper ThD10.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Femtosecond pulse ablation pattern formed on the surface of a Cr sample. The different ablation sizes are due to different fluences of the beams. Ablation patterns (a) when no modulation is applied to the LC SLM and (b) when an alternating phase mask (0, π, 0, π, …) is applied to the LC SLM. The beam propagates ~4 m after the pulse shaper. Ablation patterns (c) when an alternating phase mask is applied and the propagation distance is decreased to ~40 cm and (d) when relay imaging lenses are installed before and after the pulse shaper to relay the beam profile at the output grating of the pulse shaper to the front focal plane of the focal lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of an image relay lens installed after the pulse shaper. The image at the output grating surface is relayed to the front focal plane of the focal lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy-density distribution at focus (a) when no modulation is applied to the LC SLM and (b) when an alternating phase modulation is applied to the LC SLM. z = 0 corresponds to the back focal plane of the f = 60 mm focusing lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated space–time intensity distribution when an alternating phase mask is applied to the LC SLM. z = 0 3m corresponds to the back focal plane of the Fourier lens. The beam spot of each pulse is smallest at z ~ 600 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spatial energy-density distribution at the spot when an alternating phase mask is applied on the LC SLM while Fresnel diffraction is compensated for by image relay lenses. The minimum spot is located at the back focal plane (z = 0) of the Fourier lens. (b) The energy-density distribution at the focal spot. It is identical to that of the input beam.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a), (d) Spatial energy-density distributions at the spots where the shaped waveforms are (b) and (e), respectively. (c), (f) Phase modulations applied to the LC SLM to create (b) and (e), respectively. The parameters are identical to those used for the calculation of Fig. 5.

Equations (7)

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E ˜ ( k ,     z 1 ,     ω ) = E ˜ ( k ,     z 0 ,     ω ) exp [ - i π ( z 1 - z 0 ) λ 0 k 2 ] .
E ˜ out ( k ,     ω ) = E ˜ in ( - k ,     Ω ) m [ λ 0 f ( γ Ω + β k ) ] ,
β = 2 π cos θ i cos θ d ( λ 0 ) ,
γ = 2 π λ 0 c d cos θ d ( λ 0 ) ,
E ( x ,     f ,     ω ) = ( 2 π λ 0 f ) 1 / 2 E ˜ ( x λ 0 f ,     - f ,     ω )
E focus ( x ,     ω ) = ( 2 π λ 0 f ) 1 / 2 E ˜ out ( x λ 0 f ,     ω ) exp ( - i π L λ 0 f 2 x 2 ) ,
E ˜ ( x ,     z ,     ω ) = E ˜ focus ( k ,     ω ) exp ( - i π λ 0 z k 2 ) .

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