Abstract

A multipass configuration for second-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser radiation is demonstrated to produce, for the first time to the authors’ knowledge in twin lithium tetraborate crystals, as much as 21% conversion efficiency even though the effective nonlinear coefficient of the crystal is as low as 1/6th that of KDP. Apart from crystals that have large walk-off angles, low effective nonlinear coefficients, or both, the simple experimental setup would also be quite suitable for those crystals, especially infrared crystals, that have large effective nonlinear coefficients but low laser damage thresholds.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Umegaki, “Two-pass optical second-harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 949–954 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Sukhoukov, “Optical second harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), p. 534.
  5. J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Armstrong, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, M. S. Bowers, “Parametric amplification and oscillation with walk-off compensating crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 460–474 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).
  9. T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

D. J. Armstrong, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, M. S. Bowers, “Parametric amplification and oscillation with walk-off compensating crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 460–474 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

S. Umegaki, “Two-pass optical second-harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 949–954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abed, M.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Sukhoukov, “Optical second harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), p. 534.

Albrecht, H.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

Armstrong, D. J.

Bhar, G. C.

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bonnin, C.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. S.

Chatterjee, U.

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chaudhary, A. K.

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Datta, P.

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Friede, D.

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Izumida, S.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Khodja, S.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kokh, A.

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, R.

T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Kovrygin, A. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Sukhoukov, “Optical second harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), p. 534.

Kumbhakar, P.

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Lupinski, D.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rainaud, B.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Raymond, T. D.

Sarukura, N.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Sassa, K.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Segawa, Y.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Shahdin, S.

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Sugawara, T.

T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Sukhoukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Sukhoukov, “Optical second harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), p. 534.

Uda, S.

T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Umegaki, S.

S. Umegaki, “Two-pass optical second-harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 949–954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, H.

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Yamanouchi, K.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

Zondy, J.-J.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Wellegehausen, D. Friede, H. Vogt, S. Shahdin, “Generation of tunable cw infrared radiation by difference frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. 11, 363–370 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51, 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7crystals: generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70, 3492–3494 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Umegaki, “Two-pass optical second-harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 949–954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pramana (1)

G. C. Bhar, P. Kumbhakar, U. Chatterjee, A. K. Chaudhary, A. Kokh, “Highly efficient deep ultraviolet generation by sum-frequency mixing in a BBO crystal pair,” Pramana 59, 69–74 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

T. Sugawara, R. Komatsu, S. Uda, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of lithium tetraborate,” Solid State Commun. 107, 233–237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, A. P. Sukhoukov, “Optical second harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), p. 534.

J.-J. Zondy, M. Abed, S. Khodja, C. Bonnin, B. Rainaud, H. Albrecht, D. Lupinski, “Walk-off compensated type-I and type-II SHG using twin-crystal AgGaSe2and KTiOPO2devices,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kozlovski, D. C. McPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE2700, 66–72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for multipass SHG in LB4 crystals. L1, L2, plano–concave lenses; X1, X2, LB4 crystals; P, prism; MF dichroic mirror with >98% transmission at 1064 nm and ~99.9% reflectivity at 1064 nm; S, beam dumper for 532 nm. Points A–F identified in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of SHG energy with input fundamental energy (E) for three configurations: 1, single-pass SHG ( E 2 ω OP); 2, first TCDP SHG ( E 2 ω TP);3, MPC SHG ( E 2 ω MP); The experimental points are given filled shapes.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Energies in a Multipass Configuration

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P 2 ω TP ( l ) = P 2 ω OP ( l ) { exp ( - l α 2 ) + exp ( - 2 l α 1 ) + 2 ( B / A ) cos ϕ exp [ - ( α 1 + α 2 / 2 ) l ] } ,
P 2 ω OP ( l ) = P 1 tanh 2 [ 52.2 P 1 l 2 d eff 2 T 1 T 2 / ( n 1 ω ) 3 λ 1 2 A ] 1 / 2 ,
B / A = exp ( 2 q t ) × 0 t exp ( - 4 q τ ) [ erf ( q - τ + 2 t ) - erf ( q - τ + t ) ] d τ 0 t exp ( - 4 q τ ) [ erf ( q - τ + t ) - erf ( q - τ ) ] d τ ,
P 2 ω MP ( l ) = P 2 ω TP ( l ) U + P 2 ω RP ( l ) ,

Metrics