Abstract

A pulsed, diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) in rod geometry, frequency stabilized with a modified Pound–Drever–Hall scheme is presented. The apparatus delivers 33-ns pulses with a maximum pulse energy of 0.5 J at 1064 nm. The system was set up in two different configurations for repetition rates of 100 or 250 Hz. The beam quality was measured to be 1.5 times the diffraction limit at a pulse energy of 405 mJ and a repetition rate of 100 Hz. At 250 Hz with the same pulse energy, the M2 was better than 2.1. The radiation is frequency converted with an efficiency of 50% to 532 nm. This MOPA system will be the pump laser of transmitters for a variety of high-end, scanning lidar systems.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. H. Christensen, O. B. Christensen, “Severe summertime flooding in Europe,” Nature (London) 421, 805–806 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).
  3. N. A. Crook, “Sensitivity of moist convection forced by boundary layer processes to low-level thermodynamic fields,” Mon. Weather Rev. 124, 1767–1785 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. M. Weckwerth, “The effect of small-scale moisture variability on thunderstorm initiation,” Mon. Weather Rev. 128, 4017–4030 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. European Space Agency, “Report for Assessment. WALES—Water Vapour Lidar Experiment in Space. The Five Candidate Earth Explorer Core Mission,” (European Space Agency, Paris, 2001).
  7. E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Wulfmeyer, “Ground-based differential absorption lidar for water-vapor and temperature profiling: requirements, development, and specifications of a high-performance laser transmitter,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3804–3824 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).
  12. E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.
  13. C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.
  14. V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).
  16. R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Tei, M. Kato, Y. Niwa, Y. Maruyama, T. Matoba, T. Arisawa, “High repetition rate 1-J green laser system,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4548–4551 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. J. Kasinski, R. Burnham, “Near-diffraction-limited, high-energy, high-power, diode-pumped laser using thermal aberration correction with aspheric diamond turned optics,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5949–5954 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Kiriyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Nagai, N. Kageyama, H. Miyajima, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, “360-W average power operation with single-stage diode-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1671–1673 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. L. Schmitt, L. A. Rahn, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser injection seeding system,” Appl. Opt. 25, 629–633 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).
  24. M. Ostermeyer, G. Klemz, P. Kubina, R. Menzel, “Quasi-continuous-wave birefringence-compensated single- and double-rod Nd:YAG lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 7573–7582 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. Wulfmeyer, M. Randall, “2-μm Doppler lidar transmitter with high frequency stability and low chirp,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1228–1230 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. Golla, M. Bode, S. Knoke, W. Schöne, A. Tünnermann, “62-W cw TEM00 Nd:YAG laser side-pumped by fiber-coupled diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 210–212 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Hirano, Y. Koyata, S. Yamamoto, K. Kasahara, T. Tajime, “208-W operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 679–681 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  31. V. Wulfmeyer, C. Walther, “Future performance of ground-based and airborne water-vapor differential absorption lidar. II. Simulations of the precision of a near-infrared, high-power system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5321–5336 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. B. Dane, “Laser resonators with Brillouin mirrors,” in Phase Conjugate Laser Optics, A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2003).

2003 (3)

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiriyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Nagai, N. Kageyama, H. Miyajima, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, “360-W average power operation with single-stage diode-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1671–1673 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

V. Wulfmeyer, C. Walther, “Future performance of ground-based and airborne water-vapor differential absorption lidar. II. Simulations of the precision of a near-infrared, high-power system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5321–5336 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

V. Wulfmeyer, M. Randall, “2-μm Doppler lidar transmitter with high frequency stability and low chirp,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1228–1230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

T. M. Weckwerth, “The effect of small-scale moisture variability on thunderstorm initiation,” Mon. Weather Rev. 128, 4017–4030 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Tei, M. Kato, Y. Niwa, Y. Maruyama, T. Matoba, T. Arisawa, “High repetition rate 1-J green laser system,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4548–4551 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hirano, Y. Koyata, S. Yamamoto, K. Kasahara, T. Tajime, “208-W operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 679–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

V. Wulfmeyer, “Ground-based differential absorption lidar for water-vapor and temperature profiling: requirements, development, and specifications of a high-performance laser transmitter,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3804–3824 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

J. J. Kasinski, R. Burnham, “Near-diffraction-limited, high-energy, high-power, diode-pumped laser using thermal aberration correction with aspheric diamond turned optics,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5949–5954 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Crook, “Sensitivity of moist convection forced by boundary layer processes to low-level thermodynamic fields,” Mon. Weather Rev. 124, 1767–1785 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Golla, M. Bode, S. Knoke, W. Schöne, A. Tünnermann, “62-W cw TEM00 Nd:YAG laser side-pumped by fiber-coupled diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 210–212 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Anstett, G.

G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Antonelli, P.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Arisawa, T.

Assion, A.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Banta, R. M.

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barrick, J. D. W.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Bauer, H.-S.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Baumert, T.

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Berg, J. G.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berger, S.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Bishop, C.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Bode, M.

Borsutzky, A.

G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brackett, V. G.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Browell, E. V.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R.

Butler, C. F.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Christensen, J. H.

J. H. Christensen, O. B. Christensen, “Severe summertime flooding in Europe,” Nature (London) 421, 805–806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, O. B.

J. H. Christensen, O. B. Christensen, “Severe summertime flooding in Europe,” Nature (London) 421, 805–806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, M. B.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Coyle, D. B.

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Crewell, S.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Crook, N. A.

N. A. Crook, “Sensitivity of moist convection forced by boundary layer processes to low-level thermodynamic fields,” Mon. Weather Rev. 124, 1767–1785 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dabas, A. M.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Dane, B.

B. Dane, “Laser resonators with Brillouin mirrors,” in Phase Conjugate Laser Optics, A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2003).

Degnan, J. J.

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Delville, P.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Demoz, B.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Di Girolamo, P.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Dong, S.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drobinski, P.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Ehret, G.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Elsberry, R.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Emanuel, K.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Engelbart, D.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Fabry, F.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Feltz, W.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Ferrare, R. A.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Fix, A.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Flamant, C.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Flamant, P. H.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Geiger, S.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Gelaro, R.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Gentry, B.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Giesen, A.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Golla, D.

Graßl, H.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grassl, H.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hall, W. M.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Hardesty, R. M.

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harpole, G. M.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hefter, U.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Higdon, N. S.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Hilyard, R. C.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, Y.

Hoinka, K. P.

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Injeyan, H.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Kageyama, N.

Kalnay, E.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Kan, H.

Kasahara, K.

Kasinski, J. J.

Kato, M.

Kay, R. B.

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Keyser, D.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Kiemle, C.

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyama, H.

Klemz, G.

Klingenberg, H.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Klingenberg, H. H.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Knoke, S.

Koch, S.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Konno, S.

S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kooi, S. A.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Koyata, Y.

Krebs, D. J.

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kubina, P.

Kugler, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kummer, U.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Lord, S.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Lü, Q.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mahnke, P.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Maruyama, Y.

Matoba, T.

Melfi, S. H.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Menzel, R.

Miyajima, H.

Moore, A. S.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Mordaunt, D. W.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Müller, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, T.

Nakatsuka, M.

Niwa, Y.

Notari, A.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Ostermeyer, M.

Pagowski, M.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Parsons, D.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Poberaj, G.

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, L. A.

Randall, M.

Reitebuch, O.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Revercomb, H. E.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

Rhodin, A.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Richard, E.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Ritter, P.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Rogers, D.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Schmidlin, F. J.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, R. L.

Schöne, W.

Schwemmer, G.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Senn, R.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, M.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Shuichi, F.

S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, C.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

St. Pierre, R. J.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stein, J.

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tajime, T.

Tei, K.

Tünnermann, A.

Velden, C.

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

Wakimoto, R. M.

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Walther, C.

Wandinger, U.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. E.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weckwerth, T.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Weckwerth, T. M.

T. M. Weckwerth, “The effect of small-scale moisture variability on thunderstorm initiation,” Mon. Weather Rev. 128, 4017–4030 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weiß, V.

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wergen, W.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Werner, C.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Werner, Ch.

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

Whiteman, D.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Whiteman, D. N.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Wickham, M. G.

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, J.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

Wilson, J. W.

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, M.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Wittrock, U.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wührer, C.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Wulfmeyer, V.

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, C. Walther, “Future performance of ground-based and airborne water-vapor differential absorption lidar. II. Simulations of the precision of a near-infrared, high-power system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5321–5336 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, M. Randall, “2-μm Doppler lidar transmitter with high frequency stability and low chirp,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1228–1230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, “Ground-based differential absorption lidar for water-vapor and temperature profiling: requirements, development, and specifications of a high-performance laser transmitter,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3804–3824 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

Yamakawa, K.

Yamamoto, S.

Yasui, K.

S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. Anstett, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of the spatial beam quality of pulsed ns-OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 541–545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Ehret, A. Fix, V. Weiß, G. Poberaj, T. Baumert, “Diode-laser-seeded optical parametric oscillator for airborne water vapor DIAL application in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Konno, F. Shuichi, K. Yasui, “80 W cw TEM00 1064 nm beam generation by use of a laser-diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2650–2651 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (2)

K. Emanuel, E. Kalnay, C. Bishop, R. Elsberry, R. Gelaro, D. Keyser, S. Lord, D. Rogers, M. Shapiro, C. Snyder, C. Velden, “Observations in aid of weather prediction: report of Prospectus Development Team Seven,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78, 2859–2868 (1997).

T. M. Weckwerth, V. Wulfmeyer, R. M. Wakimoto, R. M. Hardesty, J. W. Wilson, R. M. Banta, “NCAR/NOAA lower tropospheric water vapor workshop,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2339–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

A. M. Dabas, P. Drobinski, O. Reitebuch, E. Richard, P. Delville, P. H. Flamant, Ch. Werner, “Multi-scale analysis of a straight jet streak using numerical analyses and an airborne Doppler lidar,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 1–4 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. J. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaunt, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, R. Senn, “Diode array pumped kilowatt laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 53–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

G. Ehret, K. P. Hoinka, J. Stein, A. Fix, C. Kiemle, G. Poberaj, “Low stratospheric water vapor measured by an airborne DIAL,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31351–31359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

LaserOpto (1)

G. Ehret, H. H. Klingenberg, U. Hefter, A. Assion, A. Fix, G. Poberaj, S. Berger, S. Geiger, Q. Lü, “High peak and high average power all-solid-state laser systems for airborne LIDAR applications,” LaserOpto 32, 29–37 (2000).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, J. J. Degnan, D. J. Krebs, “Injection seeded diode pumped regenerative ring Nd:YAG amplifier for spaceborne laser ranging,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 136–143 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meteorol. Z. (1)

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Graßl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Workshop report lidar research network water vapor and wind,” Meteorol. Z. 12, 5–24 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Weather Rev. (2)

N. A. Crook, “Sensitivity of moist convection forced by boundary layer processes to low-level thermodynamic fields,” Mon. Weather Rev. 124, 1767–1785 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Weckwerth, “The effect of small-scale moisture variability on thunderstorm initiation,” Mon. Weather Rev. 128, 4017–4030 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

J. H. Christensen, O. B. Christensen, “Severe summertime flooding in Europe,” Nature (London) 421, 805–806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical laser rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

B. Dane, “Laser resonators with Brillouin mirrors,” in Phase Conjugate Laser Optics, A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2003).

V. Wulfmeyer, H.-S. Bauer, S. Crewell, G. Ehret, O. Reitebuch, C. Werner, M. Wirth, D. Engelbart, A. Rhodin, W. Wergen, A. Giesen, H. Grassl, G. Huber, H. Klingenberg, P. Mahnke, U. Kummer, C. Wührer, P. Ritter, R. Wallenstein, U. Wandinger, “Reports for Mission Selection. The Four Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions. Atmospheric Dynamics Mission,” . (European Space Agency, Paris, 1999).

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, R. A. Ferrare, S. A. Kooi, A. Notari, C. F. Butler, V. G. Brackett, H. E. Revercomb, P. Antonelli, “Airborne remote measurements of water vapor, relative humidity, aerosol, and cloud distributions during the IHOP field experiment,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 384–386.

C. Flamant, S. Koch, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson, D. Parsons, B. Demoz, B. Gentry, D. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, F. Fabry, W. Feltz, M. Pagowski, P. Di Girolamo, “The life cycle of a bore event over the US Southern Great Plains during IHOP 2002,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, U. Wandinger, R. Engelman, K. Schneider, eds. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 2003), pp. 375–377.

European Space Agency, “Report for Assessment. WALES—Water Vapour Lidar Experiment in Space. The Five Candidate Earth Explorer Core Mission,” (European Space Agency, Paris, 2001).

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. M. Hall, A. S. Moore, S. A. Kooi, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, J. D. W. Barrick, F. J. Schmidlin, N. S. Higdon, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, “LASE validation experiment,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 289–295.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Potential applications of a new pump laser for lidar transmitters. Relationships with the currently proposed Earth Explorer Mission of the European Space Agency are also indicated. HSRL, high-spectral resolution lidar; EarthCARE, Earth, Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer; ADM, Atmospheric Dynamics Mission15; WALES, Water Vapour Lidar Experiment in Space.6

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the laser system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscillator’s resonator with beam propagation of a transverse eigenmode (TEM00) and stability range for a repetition rate of 100 Hz. PC, Pockels cell.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence distribution in postamplifiers with 6 mm × 120 mm laser rods at a 0.6 at. % doping level. FI, Faraday isolator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Beam propagation through the MOPA setup. (a) 100-Hz variant. The focal lengths (Fls) of the lenses are f1 = 120 mm, f2 = 200 mm, f3 = f4 = 150 mm, f5 = −200 mm, f6 = 300 mm. (b) 250-Hz variant. The focal lengths of the lenses are f1 = 120 mm, f2 = 200 mm, f3 = −200 mm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Extracted pulse energy and measured gain factor from an amplifier head with a 6 mm × 120 mm rod, a doping level of 0.6 at. %, and pumped with 3.6 kW, as a function of the pump pulse duration.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measurement of beam quality and pulse energy as a function of the beam radius in the laser rod at a 100-Hz repetition rate. (a) Correct timing of laser pulse and pump pulse. (b) Pump pulse delayed.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pulse energy behind the amplifiers as a function of the effective pump pulse duration adjusted by the delays between the pump pulse and the oscillator pulse (see text). The squares show the effective pulse energy reached with the preamplifiers only; the circles depict the pulse energy that is obtained when the postamplifiers are used in addition to the preamplifiers.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Temporal distributions of the master oscillator pulse and the amplified and frequency-doubled pulses. SHG, single-harmonic generation.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Two mode profiles and a caustic profile of the amplified beam in 100-Hz operation. The result of this specific M2 measurement was 1.58 and 1.60.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Envisaged Specifications of a Pump Laser for Future High-End Lidar Systemsa

Metrics