Abstract

The global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME) was launched in April 1995, and the GOME data processor (GDP) retrieval algorithm has processed operational total ozone amounts since July 1995. GDP level 1-to-2 is based on the two-step differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) approach, involving slant column fitting followed by air mass factor (AMF) conversions to vertical column amounts. We present a major upgrade of this algorithm to version 3.0. GDP 3.0 was implemented in July 2002, and the 9-year GOME data record from July 1995 to December 2004 has been processed using this algorithm. The key component in GDP 3.0 is an iterative approach to AMF calculation, in which AMFs and corresponding vertical column densities are adjusted to reflect the true ozone distribution as represented by the fitted DOAS effective slant column. A neural network ensemble is used to optimize the fast and accurate parametrization of AMFs. We describe results of a recent validation exercise for the operational version of the total ozone algorithm; in particular, seasonal and meridian errors are reduced by a factor of 2. On a global basis, GDP 3.0 ozone total column results lie between −2% and +4% of ground-based values for moderate solar zenith angles lower than 70°. A larger variability of about +5% and −8% is observed for higher solar zenith angles up to 90°.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  28. R. Spurr, “Simultaneous derivation of intensities and weighting functions in a general pseudo-spherical discrete ordinate radiative transfer treatment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 75, 129–175 (2002).
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  29. D. Loyola, “Parameterization of AMFs using artificial neural networks,” ESAMS’99—European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, ESA WPP-161, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1999, pp. 709–713.
  30. J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  34. B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. Bassford, C. McLinden, K. Strong, “Zenith-sky observations of stratospheric gases: the sensitivity of air mass factors of geophysical parameters and the influence of tropospheric clouds,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 68, 657–677 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  36. F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).
  37. R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  38. R. Jacobs, M. Jordan, S. Nowlan, G. Hinton, “Adaptive mixtures of local experts,” Neural Comput. 3, 79–97 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  39. C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (3)

W. Thomas, F. Baier, T. Erbertseder, M. Kästner, “Analysis of the Algerian severe weather event in November 2001 and its impact on ozone and nitrogen dioxide distributions,” TELLUS B 55, 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. Spurr, “Simultaneous derivation of intensities and weighting functions in a general pseudo-spherical discrete ordinate radiative transfer treatment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 75, 129–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, J. Burrows, “Tropospheric NO2 from GOME measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 29, 1673–1683 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, “A linearized discrete ordinate radiative transfer model for atmospheric remote sensing retrieval,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiant. Transf. 68, 689–735 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Corlett, P. Monks, “A comparison of total column ozone values derived from the global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME), the tiros Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), and the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS),” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 1103–1116 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bassford, C. McLinden, K. Strong, “Zenith-sky observations of stratospheric gases: the sensitivity of air mass factors of geophysical parameters and the influence of tropospheric clouds,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 68, 657–677 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

1997 (3)

K. Chance, R. Spurr, “Ring effect studies: Rayleigh scattering including molecular parameters for rotational Raman scattering, and the Fraunhofer spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5224–5230 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Kuze, K. Chance, “Analysis of cloud-top height and cloud coverage from satellites using the O2 A and B bands,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 14481–14491 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. Jacobs, M. Jordan, S. Nowlan, G. Hinton, “Adaptive mixtures of local experts,” Neural Comput. 3, 79–97 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

1985 (1)

D. Bowker, R. Davies, D. Myrick, K. Stacy, W. Jones, “Spectral reflectances of natural targets for use in remote sensing studies,” NASA Reference Publication (1985), p. 1139.

1983 (2)

R. Schiffer, W. Rossow, “The international satellite cloud climatology project ISCCP: The first project of the world climate research program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 54, 779–784 (1983).

E. Matthews, “Global vegetation and Land use: new high-resolution data bases for climate studies,” J. Clim. Appl. Met. 22, 474–487 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Aben, I.

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aberle, B.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Abreu, L.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Andersen, S.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Arlander, D.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baier, F.

W. Thomas, F. Baier, T. Erbertseder, M. Kästner, “Analysis of the Algerian severe weather event in November 2001 and its impact on ozone and nitrogen dioxide distributions,” TELLUS B 55, 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balis, D.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Balzer, W.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Bass, A. M.

R. J. Paur, A. M. Bass, “The ultraviolet cross section of ozone. II. Results and temperature dependence,” in Atmospheric Ozone, Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium held in Halkidike, C. S. Zerefos, A. Ghazi, eds. (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1984).

A. M. Bass, R. J. Paur, “The ultraviolet cross sections of ozone: I. The measurements,” in Atmospheric Ozone, Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium held in Halkidike, C. S. Zerefos, A. Ghazi, eds. Reidel, Dordrecht, (1984).

Bassford, M.

M. Bassford, C. McLinden, K. Strong, “Zenith-sky observations of stratospheric gases: the sensitivity of air mass factors of geophysical parameters and the influence of tropospheric clouds,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 68, 657–677 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bey, I.

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bhartia, P.

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bilinski, C.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

Bittner, M.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

Bodhaine, B.

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bowker, D.

D. Bowker, R. Davies, D. Myrick, K. Stacy, W. Jones, “Spectral reflectances of natural targets for use in remote sensing studies,” NASA Reference Publication (1985), p. 1139.

Bracher, A.

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bramstadt, K.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Bramstedt, K.

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buchwitz, M.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Bui Van, N.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J.

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, J. Burrows, “Tropospheric NO2 from GOME measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 29, 1673–1683 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Chance, K.

R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, “A linearized discrete ordinate radiative transfer model for atmospheric remote sensing retrieval,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiant. Transf. 68, 689–735 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Chance, R. Spurr, “Ring effect studies: Rayleigh scattering including molecular parameters for rotational Raman scattering, and the Fraunhofer spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5224–5230 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuze, K. Chance, “Analysis of cloud-top height and cloud coverage from satellites using the O2 A and B bands,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 14481–14491 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Slijkhuis, A. von Bargen, W. Thomas, K. Chance, “Calculation of under-sampling correction spectra for DOAS spectral fitting,” ESAMS’99 —European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-161,1999, pp. 563–569.

Chen, H.

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chetwynd, J.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Claude, H.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Corlett, G.

G. Corlett, P. Monks, “A comparison of total column ozone values derived from the global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME), the tiros Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), and the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS),” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 1103–1116 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Davies, R.

D. Bowker, R. Davies, D. Myrick, K. Stacy, W. Jones, “Spectral reflectances of natural targets for use in remote sensing studies,” NASA Reference Publication (1985), p. 1139.

de Beek, R.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

de La Noe, J.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Maziere, M.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

Dech, S.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

Dehn, A.

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deters, B.

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diebel, D.

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dorokhov, V.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, E.

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eichmann, K.-U.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Eisinger, M.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Elansky, N.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Elokhov, A.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Erbertseder, T.

W. Thomas, F. Baier, T. Erbertseder, M. Kästner, “Analysis of the Algerian severe weather event in November 2001 and its impact on ozone and nitrogen dioxide distributions,” TELLUS B 55, 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eriksen, P.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Evans, M.

R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, C.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Fiore, A.

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fish, D.

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gallery, W.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Gerard, P.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Gil, M.

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gleason, J.

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Goede, A.

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goutail, F.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

Granville, J.

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Green, A.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gruzdev, A.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Hansen, G.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Hegels, E.

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Himmelmann, S.

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, G.

R. Jacobs, M. Jordan, S. Nowlan, G. Hinton, “Adaptive mixtures of local experts,” Neural Comput. 3, 79–97 (1991).
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J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

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J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

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R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
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P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
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J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

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D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

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R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
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J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

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J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
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Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, A.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
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J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
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J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
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P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
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J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

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R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
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P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
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D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
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D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

Mikusch, E.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
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J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

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R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
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P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
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J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
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J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

Postylyakov, O.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Richter, A.

A. Richter, J. Burrows, “Tropospheric NO2 from GOME measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 29, 1673–1683 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Roscoe, H.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rossow, W.

R. Schiffer, W. Rossow, “The international satellite cloud climatology project ISCCP: The first project of the world climate research program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 54, 779–784 (1983).

Rozanov, V.

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rozanov, V. V.

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Ruppert, T.

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Sarkissian, A.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

Schiffer, R.

R. Schiffer, W. Rossow, “The international satellite cloud climatology project ISCCP: The first project of the world climate research program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 54, 779–784 (1983).

Schmid, C.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Schutgens, N.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Seftor, C.

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Selby, J.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Shalamiansky, A.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Shanklin, J.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shettle, E.

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Simon, P.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Slijkhuis, S.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

S. Slijkhuis, A. von Bargen, W. Thomas, K. Chance, “Calculation of under-sampling correction spectra for DOAS spectral fitting,” ESAMS’99 —European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-161,1999, pp. 563–569.

Slusser, J.

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soebijanta, V.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Spurr, R.

R. Spurr, “Simultaneous derivation of intensities and weighting functions in a general pseudo-spherical discrete ordinate radiative transfer treatment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 75, 129–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, “A linearized discrete ordinate radiative transfer model for atmospheric remote sensing retrieval,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiant. Transf. 68, 689–735 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Chance, R. Spurr, “Ring effect studies: Rayleigh scattering including molecular parameters for rotational Raman scattering, and the Fraunhofer spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5224–5230 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Spurr, “Improved climatologies and new air mass factor look-up tables for O3 and NO2 column retrievals from GOME and SCIAMACHY backscatter measurements,” ESAMS’99— European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-1611999, pp. 277–284.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Stacy, K.

D. Bowker, R. Davies, D. Myrick, K. Stacy, W. Jones, “Spectral reflectances of natural targets for use in remote sensing studies,” NASA Reference Publication (1985), p. 1139.

Stähelin, J.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stammes, P.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Strong, K.

M. Bassford, C. McLinden, K. Strong, “Zenith-sky observations of stratospheric gases: the sensitivity of air mass factors of geophysical parameters and the influence of tropospheric clouds,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 68, 657–677 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tanzi, C.

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, S.

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, W.

W. Thomas, F. Baier, T. Erbertseder, M. Kästner, “Analysis of the Algerian severe weather event in November 2001 and its impact on ozone and nitrogen dioxide distributions,” TELLUS B 55, 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

S. Slijkhuis, A. von Bargen, W. Thomas, K. Chance, “Calculation of under-sampling correction spectra for DOAS spectral fitting,” ESAMS’99 —European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-161,1999, pp. 563–569.

Timofeyev, Y.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Tornkvist, K.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van Geffen, J.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

van Oss, R.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

van Roozendael, M.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

Vaughan, G.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voigt, S.

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Bargen, A.

S. Slijkhuis, A. von Bargen, W. Thomas, K. Chance, “Calculation of under-sampling correction spectra for DOAS spectral fitting,” ESAMS’99 —European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-161,1999, pp. 563–569.

Wagner, T.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, C.

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

Wellemeyer, C.

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wenig, M.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Wieland, T.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Wittrock, F.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

Wolfmueller, M.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

Wood, N.

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yantosca, R.

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zehner, C.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Zerefos, C.

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

Adv. Space Res. (1)

C. Tanzi, E. Hegels, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, A. Goede, “Performance degradation of GOME polarization monitoring,” Adv. Space Res. 23, 1393–1396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res. (2)

A. Richter, J. Burrows, “Tropospheric NO2 from GOME measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 29, 1673–1683 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Lambert, M. van Roozendael, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J. Gleason, S. Andersen, D. Arlander, N. Bui Van, H. Claude, J. de La Noe, M. de Maziere, V. Dorokhov, P. Eriksen, A. Green, K. Tornkvist, B. Kastad Hoiskar, E. Kyro, J. Leveau, M.-F. Merienne, G. Milinevsky, H. Roscoe, A. Sarkissian, J. Shanklin, J. Stähelin, C. Wahlstrom-Tellefsen, G. Vaughan, “Combined characterization of GOME and TOMS total ozone measurements from space using ground-based observations from the NDSC,” Adv. Space Res. 26, 1931–1940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

K. Chance, R. Spurr, “Ring effect studies: Rayleigh scattering including molecular parameters for rotational Raman scattering, and the Fraunhofer spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5224–5230 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. Bramstedt, J. Gleason, D. Loyola, W. Thomas, A. Bracher, M. Weber, J. Burrows, “Comparison of total ozone from the satellite instruments GOME and TOMS with measurements from the Dobson network 1996–2000,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1409–1419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

R. Schiffer, W. Rossow, “The international satellite cloud climatology project ISCCP: The first project of the world climate research program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 54, 779–784 (1983).

Earth Observation Quarterly (1)

D. Loyola, M. Bittner, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, C. Bilinski, S. Dech, R Meisner, W. Mett, T. Ruppert, “GOME near-realtime service,” Earth Observation Quarterly 58, 41–43 (1998).

Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1)

F. Kneizys, E. Shettle, L. Abreu, J. Chetwynd, G. Anderson, W. Gallery, J. Selby, S. Clough, “Users Guide to LOWTRAN 7, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory,” Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, AFGL-TR-88-0177 (1988).

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

A. Sarkissian, H. Roscoe, D. Fish, M. Van Roozendael, M. Gil, H. Chen, P. Wang, J.-P. Pommereau, J. Lenoble, “Ozone and NO2 air-mass factors for zenith-sky spectrometers: inter-comparison of calculations with different radiative transfer models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1113–1116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

G. Corlett, P. Monks, “A comparison of total column ozone values derived from the global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME), the tiros Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), and the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS),” J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 1103–1116 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

B. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

J.-C. Lambert, M. Van Roozendael, M. De Maziere, P. Simon, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, J. Gleason, “Investigation of pole-to-pole performances of spaceborne atmospheric chemistry sensors with the NDSC,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 176–193 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmeyer, A. Richter, R. de Beek, R. Hoogen, K. Bramstadt, K.-U. Eichmann, M. Eisinger, D. Perner, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999b).
[CrossRef]

J. Clim. Appl. Met. (1)

E. Matthews, “Global vegetation and Land use: new high-resolution data bases for climate studies,” J. Clim. Appl. Met. 22, 474–487 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

V. Rozanov, D. Diebel, R. Spurr, J. Burrows, “GOME-TRAN: radiative transfer model for the satellite project GOME, the plane-parallel Version,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16683–16695 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuze, K. Chance, “Analysis of cloud-top height and cloud coverage from satellites using the O2 A and B bands,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 14481–14491 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Palmer, D. Jacob, K. Chance, R. Martin, R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, I. Bey, R. Yantosca, A. Fiore, Q. Li, “Air-mass factor formulation for spectroscopic measurements from satellites: application to formaldehyde retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 14539–14556 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Wellemeyer, S. Taylor, C. Seftor, R. McPeters, P. Bhartia, “A correction for total ozone mapping spectrometer profile shape errors at high latitude,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9029–9038 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Martin, D. Jacob, K. Chance, T. Kurosu, P. Palmer, M. Evans, “Global inventory of nitrogen oxide emissions constrained by space-based observations of NO2 columns,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

R. Spurr, “Simultaneous derivation of intensities and weighting functions in a general pseudo-spherical discrete ordinate radiative transfer treatment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 75, 129–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiant. Transf. (1)

R. Spurr, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, “A linearized discrete ordinate radiative transfer model for atmospheric remote sensing retrieval,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiant. Transf. 68, 689–735 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

M. Bassford, C. McLinden, K. Strong, “Zenith-sky observations of stratospheric gases: the sensitivity of air mass factors of geophysical parameters and the influence of tropospheric clouds,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 68, 657–677 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (2)

J. Burrows, A. Richter, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric remote-sensing reference data from GOME: Part 2. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of O3in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 61, 509–517 (1999a).
[CrossRef]

J. Burrows, A. Dehn, B. Deters, S. Himmelmann, A. Richter, S. Voigt, J. Orphal, “Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Reference Data from GOME: Part 1. Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections of NO2 in the 231–794 nm range,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 1025–1031 (1998).
[CrossRef]

NASA Reference Publication (1)

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Neural Comput. (1)

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TELLUS B (1)

W. Thomas, F. Baier, T. Erbertseder, M. Kästner, “Analysis of the Algerian severe weather event in November 2001 and its impact on ozone and nitrogen dioxide distributions,” TELLUS B 55, 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

A. M. Bass, R. J. Paur, “The ultraviolet cross sections of ozone: I. The measurements,” in Atmospheric Ozone, Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium held in Halkidike, C. S. Zerefos, A. Ghazi, eds. Reidel, Dordrecht, (1984).

R. J. Paur, A. M. Bass, “The ultraviolet cross section of ozone. II. Results and temperature dependence,” in Atmospheric Ozone, Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium held in Halkidike, C. S. Zerefos, A. Ghazi, eds. (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1984).

GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment Users Manual, F. Bednarz, ed., ESA SP-1182 (1995).

U. Platt, “Differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS),” in Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques, M. Sigrist, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1994), Chap. 127, pp. 27–84.

D. Loyola, B. Aberle, W. Balzer, K. Kretschel, E. Mikusch, H. Muehle, T. Ruppert, C. Schmid, S. Slijkhuis, R. Spurr, W. Thomas, T. Wieland, M. Wolfmueller, “Ground Segment for ERS-2 GOME Data Processor,” 3rd Symposium on Space in the Service of our Environment, Florence, Italy, ESA SP-414, 1997, pp. 591–597.

GOME Geophysical Validation Campaign Final Results Workshop Proceedings ESA WPP-108, 1996.

S. Slijkhuis, A. von Bargen, W. Thomas, K. Chance, “Calculation of under-sampling correction spectra for DOAS spectral fitting,” ESAMS’99 —European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-161,1999, pp. 563–569.

D. Loyola, “Parameterization of AMFs using artificial neural networks,” ESAMS’99—European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, ESA WPP-161, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1999, pp. 709–713.

R. Spurr, “Improved climatologies and new air mass factor look-up tables for O3 and NO2 column retrievals from GOME and SCIAMACHY backscatter measurements,” ESAMS’99— European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-1611999, pp. 277–284.

J.-C. Lambert, J. Granville, M. Van Roozendael, J.-F. Müller, J.-P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, A. Sarkissian, “A pseudo-global correlative study of ERS-2 GOME NO2data with ground-, balloon-, and space-based observations,” in Proceedings of the European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS), ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands, January1999, ESA WPP-161 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 217–224.

J.-C. Lambert, P. Peeters, A. Richter, N. Schutgens, Y. Timofeyev, T. Wagner, J. Burrows, N. Elansky, A. Elokhov, P. Gerard, J. Granville, A. Gruzdev, D. Ionov, V. Ionov, R. Koele-meijer, A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, C. Leue, D. Loyola, U. Platt, O. Postylyakov, A. Shalamiansky, P. Simon, P. Stammes, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, M. Wenig, F. Wittrock, “ERS-2 GOME data products delta characterisation report 1999—validation report for GOME data processor upgrade: level-0-to-1 version 2.0 and level-1-to-2 version 2.7,” J.-C. Lambert, P. Skarlas, eds. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 1999).

J.-C. Lambert, G. Hansen, V. Soebijanta, W. Thomas, M. Van Roozendael, D. Balis, C. Fayt, P. Gerard, J. Gleason, J. Granville, G. Labow, D. Loyola, J. van Geffen, R. van Oss, C. Zehner, C. Zerefos, “ERS-2 GOME GDP3.0 implementation and validation,” ESA Technical Note ERSE-DTEX-EOAD-TN-02-0006, J.-C. Lambert, ed. (IASB, Brussels, Belgium, 2002).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Left) Improvement from version GDP 2.7 to GDP 3.0 in the fitting RMS for ozone for a single orbit (15621, 16 April 1998) of GOME data. (Right) Fitted effective temperatures for the same orbit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Functional diagram of the iterative solution scheme for ozone vertical column densities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Left) TOMS high-latitude ozone profiles (partial columns in [DU]). (Right) Intermediate profiles (dotted) for total columns, 10 D.U. intervals between the climatology values.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multidimensional interpolation and extrapolation capability of the neural network ensemble for AMF calculations. The lower panel shows the AMF as function of ozone profile and sun zenith angle; the top panel shows AMF as function of surface height and sun zenith angle. The surface corresponds to the neural network results, while the stars are the AMF values computed directly with the LIDORT radiative transfer model. SZA, solar zenith angle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Left) Ratios of clear sky AMFs from GDP 3.0 and 2.7 for a springtime GOME orbit. (Right) Vertical column densities.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Latitude–month cross section of the percent relative difference between GOME GDP 2.7 total ozone and ground-based correlative measurements ([GOME-ground]/ground) over the period 1996–1999. Shaded areas highlight positive deviations of GOME from ground-based data.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Latitude–month cross section of the percent relative difference between GOME GDP 3.0 total ozone and ground-based correlative measurements ([GOME-ground]/ground) for the same period 1996–1999. Shaded areas highlight positive deviations of GOME from ground-based data.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Solar zenith angle dependence of the mean percent relative difference between GOME GDP and ground-based NDSC total ozone data in Northern summer. Left: GDP 2.7; right: GDP 3.0. Data are averaged in 5°-SZA bins and in four latitude belts (Tropics 0°–23 °N; middle latitudes 23 °N–63 °N; Polar Circle 67 °N ± 3°; high latitudes > 70 °N).

Equations (8)

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ln [ I λ ( Ω ) I λ 0 ( Ω ) ] = g E g ( Ω ) σ g ( λ ) α 0 α 1 ( λ λ * ) α 2 ( λ λ * ) 2 .
σ ( T ) = σ ( T 1 ) + ( T T 1 ) σ T σ ( T 1 ) + ( T T 1 ) σ ( T 1 ) σ ( T 2 ) ( T 1 T 2 ) .
T eff = T 1 + ( T 1 T 2 ) D E .
A = log ( I nog / I g ) τ vert ,
V = E + ϕ G A cloud ( 1 ϕ ) A clear + ϕ A cloud ,
V ( n + 1 ) = E + f G ( n ) A cloud ( n ) ( 1 f ) A clear ( n ) + f A cloud ( n ) ,
U j ( V ) = ( V V ( 1 ) V ( 2 ) V ( 1 ) ) U j ( 2 ) + ( V ( 2 ) V V ( 2 ) V ( 1 ) ) U j 1 .
y = i = 1 K g i y i ,

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