Abstract

A vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser was used to study the absorption of water vapor in the 940 nm region. Measurements for several absorption lines within the 2 ν1 + ν3 vibrational band were performed. Line strengths at room temperature and in a heated absorption cell over the temperature range of 420–970 K were obtained. The line strength values were in good agreement with simulations based on the values of the HITRAN 2004 database. The measurements also showed that water vapor transitions near 940 nm are suitable for sensitive temperature determination.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004

H. Cattaneo, T. Laurila, R. Hernberg, “VCSEL based detection of water vapor near 940 nm,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 60, 3269–3275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Teichert, T. Fernholtz, V. Ebert, “Simultaneous in situ measurements of CO, H2O and gas temperature in a full-sized coal-fired power plant by near-infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2043–2051 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

E. Schlosser, T. Fernholz, H. Teichert, V. Ebert, “In situ detection of potassium atoms in high-temperature coal-combustion systems using near-infrared-diode lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 58, 2347–2359 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. Vogel, V. Ebert, “Near shot noise detection of oxygen in the A-band with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 127–135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sanders, J. Wang, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser absorption sensor for line-of-sight gas temperature distributions,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4404–4415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587–593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545–562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hovde, C. A. Parsons, “Wavelength modulation detection of water vapor with a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1135–1138 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

Abeles, J. H.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Allen, M. G.

Amann, M.-C.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arroyo, M. P.

Auwera, J. V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baer, D. S.

S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587–593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baldwin, J. A.

S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587–593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Boehm, G.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Cattaneo, H.

H. Cattaneo, T. Laurila, R. Hernberg, “VCSEL based detection of water vapor near 940 nm,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 60, 3269–3275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chackerian, C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Cjance, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clerbaux, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Conolly, J. C.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, V.

H. Teichert, T. Fernholtz, V. Ebert, “Simultaneous in situ measurements of CO, H2O and gas temperature in a full-sized coal-fired power plant by near-infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2043–2051 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Schlosser, T. Fernholz, H. Teichert, V. Ebert, “In situ detection of potassium atoms in high-temperature coal-combustion systems using near-infrared-diode lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 58, 2347–2359 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Vogel, V. Ebert, “Near shot noise detection of oxygen in the A-band with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 127–135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fernholtz, T.

Fernholz, T.

E. Schlosser, T. Fernholz, H. Teichert, V. Ebert, “In situ detection of potassium atoms in high-temperature coal-combustion systems using near-infrared-diode lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 58, 2347–2359 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Gauggel, H.-P.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Gulden, K. H.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, J.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hernberg, R.

H. Cattaneo, T. Laurila, R. Hernberg, “VCSEL based detection of water vapor near 940 nm,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 60, 3269–3275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hovde, D. C.

Hövel, R.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Jeffries, J. B.

Jenkins, T. P.

S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587–593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, F.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lackner, M.

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lauer, C.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laurila, T.

H. Cattaneo, T. Laurila, R. Hernberg, “VCSEL based detection of water vapor near 940 nm,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 60, 3269–3275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Maute, M.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, D.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mederer, F.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, R.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monti di Sopra, F.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morris, N. A.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Gorman, J.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Ortsiefer, M.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parsons, C. A.

Pérez-Camacho, J. J.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Rosskopf, J.

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S. T.

S. T. Sanders, J. Wang, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser absorption sensor for line-of-sight gas temperature distributions,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4404–4415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587–593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schlosser, E.

E. Schlosser, T. Fernholz, H. Teichert, V. Ebert, “In situ detection of potassium atoms in high-temperature coal-combustion systems using near-infrared-diode lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 58, 2347–2359 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shau, R.

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Sonnenfroh, D. M.

Tang, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Teichert, H.

H. Teichert, T. Fernholtz, V. Ebert, “Simultaneous in situ measurements of CO, H2O and gas temperature in a full-sized coal-fired power plant by near-infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2043–2051 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Schlosser, T. Fernholz, H. Teichert, V. Ebert, “In situ detection of potassium atoms in high-temperature coal-combustion systems using near-infrared-diode lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 58, 2347–2359 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Totschnig, G.

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Upschulte, B. L.

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, P.

P. Vogel, V. Ebert, “Near shot noise detection of oxygen in the A-band with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 127–135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Weldon, V.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Winter, F.

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. Ortsiefer, M.-C. Amann, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, “Demonstration of methane spectroscopy using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser at 1.68 mm with up to 5 MHz repetition rate,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 101–106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zappe, H. P.

H. P. Zappe, F. Monti di Sopra, H.-P. Gauggel, K. H. Gulden, R. Hövel, M. Moser, “High spectral-purity VCSELs for spectroscopy and sensors,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Linden, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 106–116 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

P. Vogel, V. Ebert, “Near shot noise detection of oxygen in the A-band with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 127–135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Totschnig, M. Lackner, R. Shau, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, M.-C. Amann, F. Winter, “High-speed vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) absorption spectroscopy of ammonia (NH3) near 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 603–608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Pérez-Camacho, D. McDonald, J. Hegarty, J. C. Conolly, N. A. Morris, J. H. Abeles, “Laser diode based oxygen sensing: a comparison of VCSEL and DFB laser diodes emitting in the 762 nm region,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 325–329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

G. Boehm, M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, J. Rosskopf, C. Lauer, M. Maute, F. Köhler, F. Mederer, R. Meyer, M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSEL technology covering the wavelength range from 1.3 to 2.0 μm,” J. Cryst. Growth 251, 748–753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the absorption cell for high-temperature measurements of water vapor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the high-temperature water vapor absorption measurements. P, polarizer; FM, flip mirror; BS, beam splitter; M, mirror; FP, Fabry–Perot interferometer; PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured spectra of lines 2 and 3(a) at room temperature (L = 20 cm, xH2O = 9430 ppm), (b) at 815 K (L = 15 cm, xH2O = 31.3%). The solid and dashed curves are the spectra calculated from HITRAN 2000 and 2004, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (symbols) and calculated (curves) line strengths of water vapor at elevated temperatures.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured (symbols) and calculated (curve) line area ratio of lines 1 and 3 as a function of temperature.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectroscopic Data of Probed Linesa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured and HITRAN 2004 Baseda Room-Temperature Line Strengths of Water Vapor

Equations (6)

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I ( ν ) I 0 ( ν ) = exp [ - S ( T ) φ ( ν , T , P ) N ( T , P ) L ] ,
S ( T ) = S ( T 0 ) Q ( T 0 ) Q ( T ) 1 - exp ( - h c ν 0 / k T ) 1 - exp ( - h c ν 0 / k T 0 ) × exp [ - ( h c E k ) ( 1 T - 1 T 0 ) ] .
R = S 1 ( T ) S 2 ( T ) S 1 ( T 0 ) S 2 ( T 0 ) × exp { - h c ( E 1 - E 2 ) k ( 1 T - 1 T 0 ) } ,
Δ ν D = 7.1623 × 10 - 7 ν 0 T / M ,
Δ ν L = ( x air γ air + x self γ self ) P .
γ i ( T ) = γ i ( T 0 ) ( T 0 / T ) n .

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