Abstract

Generation of wavelength-tunable optical short pulses by use of two self-seeded Fabry–Perot laser diodes in a parallel configuration is described. The system supports continuous wavelength tuning in a relatively wide range of 42 nm. The side-mode suppression ratio achieved is 35 dB across the entire wavelength tuning range. The system is convenient for continuous wavelength tuning.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Y. Lau, “Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257–259 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. P. Vasil’ev, “Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801–824 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry–Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry–Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801–824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988

K. Y. Lau, “Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257–259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, A.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dellende, J.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeck, G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gorbachov, A. V.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gorbuzov, D. Z.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, G.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

K. Y. Lau, “Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257–259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Maguire, P. J.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miguel, M. S.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mogensen, F.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olesen, H.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sancho, J. M.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry–Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, D. S.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Torrent, M. C.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, P. P.

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801–824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry–Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 274–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Y. Lau, “Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257–259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Gorbuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 μm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Dellende, M. C. Torrent, J. M. Sancho, M. S. Miguel, “Frequency dynamics of gain-switched injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1537–1542 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, L. P. Barry, “Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry–Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801–824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the generation of continuously wavelength-tunable optical short pulses. PCs, polarization controllers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of output from two gain-switched FP laser diodes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of output pulses for the wavelengths at the laser modes: wavelengths (a) 1525.08 nm, (b) 1535.05 nm, (c) 1550.50 nm, and (d) 1561.75 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of output pulses for the wavelengths between two adjacent laser modes wavelengths: (a) 1525.60 nm, (b) 1535.43 nm, (c) 1550.95 nm, and (d) 1562.28 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveforms of the output optical pulse trains at wavelengths (a) 1535.05 and (b) 1535.43 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectra showing continuous wavelength tuning with 11 tuning steps in a small wavelength region of 1.1 nm from 1532.69 to 1533.75 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SMSR and average power of optical pulses obtained at several wavelengths.

Equations (2)

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Δ ω = ω m - ω s ,
Δ ω L = k m E m R s 1 + α 2 .

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