L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE Press, 2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

T. G. Bifano, J. A. Perreault, P. A. Bierden, C. E. Dimas, “Micromachined deformable mirrors for adaptive optics,” in High-Resolution Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications IV, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, S. R. Restaino, R. K. Tyson, eds., Proc. SPIE4825, 10–13 (2002).

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, T. G. Bifano, J. A. Hammer, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Microscale adaptive optics: wavefront control with a μ-mirror array and a VLSI stochastic gradient descent controller,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4243–4253 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. Perrault, R. Krishnamoorthy Mali, M. N. Horenstein, “Microelectromechanical deformable mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 83–89 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. A. Perreault, P. A. Bierden, C. E. Dimas, “Micromachined deformable mirrors for adaptive optics,” in High-Resolution Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications IV, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, S. R. Restaino, R. K. Tyson, eds., Proc. SPIE4825, 10–13 (2002).

S. L. McCall, T. R. Brown, A. Passner, “Improved optical stellar image using a real-time phase-correction system: initial results,” Astrophys. J. 211, 463–468 (1977).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Adaptive phase distortion correction in strong speckle-modulation conditions,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2155–2157 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive phase-distortion correction based on parallel gradient-descent optimization,” Opt. Lett. 22, 907–909 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. W. Gowens, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive correction of wavefront phase distortions in a free-space laser communication: system and method,” U.S. patent (pending).

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, T. G. Bifano, J. A. Hammer, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Microscale adaptive optics: wavefront control with a μ-mirror array and a VLSI stochastic gradient descent controller,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4243–4253 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, T. G. Bifano, J. A. Hammer, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Microscale adaptive optics: wavefront control with a μ-mirror array and a VLSI stochastic gradient descent controller,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4243–4253 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

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[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. A. Perreault, P. A. Bierden, C. E. Dimas, “Micromachined deformable mirrors for adaptive optics,” in High-Resolution Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications IV, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, S. R. Restaino, R. K. Tyson, eds., Proc. SPIE4825, 10–13 (2002).

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

V. Coudé du Foresto, M. Faucherre, N. Hubin, P. Gitton, “Using single-mode fibers to monitor fast Strehl ratio fluctuations,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 145, 305–310 (2000).

[CrossRef]

V. Coudé du Foresto, M. Faucherre, N. Hubin, P. Gitton, “Using single-mode fibers to monitor fast Strehl ratio fluctuations,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 145, 305–310 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. W. Gowens, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive correction of wavefront phase distortions in a free-space laser communication: system and method,” U.S. patent (pending).

M. E. Gravecha, A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, V. L. V. Pokasov, “Similarity relations and their experimental verification for strong intensity fluctuations of laser radiation,” in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J. Strohbehn, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1978).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. Perrault, R. Krishnamoorthy Mali, M. N. Horenstein, “Microelectromechanical deformable mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 83–89 (1999).

[CrossRef]

V. Coudé du Foresto, M. Faucherre, N. Hubin, P. Gitton, “Using single-mode fibers to monitor fast Strehl ratio fluctuations,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 145, 305–310 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. E. Gravecha, A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, V. L. V. Pokasov, “Similarity relations and their experimental verification for strong intensity fluctuations of laser radiation,” in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J. Strohbehn, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1978).

T. G. Bifano, J. Perrault, R. Krishnamoorthy Mali, M. N. Horenstein, “Microelectromechanical deformable mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 83–89 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, T. R. Brown, A. Passner, “Improved optical stellar image using a real-time phase-correction system: initial results,” Astrophys. J. 211, 463–468 (1977).

[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, T. R. Brown, A. Passner, “Improved optical stellar image using a real-time phase-correction system: initial results,” Astrophys. J. 211, 463–468 (1977).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. Perrault, R. Krishnamoorthy Mali, M. N. Horenstein, “Microelectromechanical deformable mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 83–89 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. A. Perreault, P. A. Bierden, C. E. Dimas, “Micromachined deformable mirrors for adaptive optics,” in High-Resolution Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications IV, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, S. R. Restaino, R. K. Tyson, eds., Proc. SPIE4825, 10–13 (2002).

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE Press, 2001).

[CrossRef]

M. E. Gravecha, A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, V. L. V. Pokasov, “Similarity relations and their experimental verification for strong intensity fluctuations of laser radiation,” in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J. Strohbehn, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1978).

J. C. Ricklin, F. M. Davidson, “Atmospheric optical communication with a Gaussian Schell beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 856–866 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive phase-distortion correction based on parallel gradient-descent optimization,” Opt. Lett. 22, 907–909 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. W. Gowens, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive correction of wavefront phase distortions in a free-space laser communication: system and method,” U.S. patent (pending).

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[CrossRef]

J. C. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization (Wiley, 2003).

[CrossRef]

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, “Dynamic wave-front distortion compensation with a 134-control-channel submillisecond adaptive system,” Opt. Lett. 27, 751–753 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Adaptive phase distortion correction in strong speckle-modulation conditions,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2155–2157 (2002).

[CrossRef]

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, T. G. Bifano, J. A. Hammer, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Microscale adaptive optics: wavefront control with a μ-mirror array and a VLSI stochastic gradient descent controller,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4243–4253 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive phase-distortion correction based on parallel gradient-descent optimization,” Opt. Lett. 22, 907–909 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. W. Gowens, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive correction of wavefront phase distortions in a free-space laser communication: system and method,” U.S. patent (pending).

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, “Dynamic wave-front distortion compensation with a 134-control-channel submillisecond adaptive system,” Opt. Lett. 27, 751–753 (2002).

[CrossRef]

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, T. G. Bifano, J. A. Hammer, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Microscale adaptive optics: wavefront control with a μ-mirror array and a VLSI stochastic gradient descent controller,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4243–4253 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

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[CrossRef]

V. Coudé du Foresto, M. Faucherre, N. Hubin, P. Gitton, “Using single-mode fibers to monitor fast Strehl ratio fluctuations,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 145, 305–310 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, T. R. Brown, A. Passner, “Improved optical stellar image using a real-time phase-correction system: initial results,” Astrophys. J. 211, 463–468 (1977).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Bifano, J. Perrault, R. Krishnamoorthy Mali, M. N. Horenstein, “Microelectromechanical deformable mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 83–89 (1999).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Ricklin, F. M. Davidson, “Atmospheric optical communication with a Gaussian Schell beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 856–866 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, V. P. Sivokon, “Stochastic parallel-gradient-descent technique for high-resolution wave-front phase-distortion correction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2745–2758 (1998).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive phase-distortion correction based on parallel gradient-descent optimization,” Opt. Lett. 22, 907–909 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, “Dynamic wave-front distortion compensation with a 134-control-channel submillisecond adaptive system,” Opt. Lett. 27, 751–753 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Adaptive phase distortion correction in strong speckle-modulation conditions,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2155–2157 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Hardy, “Active optics: a new technology for the control of light,” Proc. IEEE 66, 651–697 (1978).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Spall, Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization (Wiley, 2003).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Edward, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, “Analog VLSI parallel stochastic optimization for adaptive optics,” in Learning on Silicon, G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 1999), Chap. 16, pp. 359–382.

T. G. Bifano, J. A. Perreault, P. A. Bierden, C. E. Dimas, “Micromachined deformable mirrors for adaptive optics,” in High-Resolution Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications IV, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, S. R. Restaino, R. K. Tyson, eds., Proc. SPIE4825, 10–13 (2002).

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Banta, T. Weyrauch, J. Gowens, J. C. Carrano, “Atmospheric laser optics testbed (A_LOT): atmospheric propagation characterization, beam control and imaging results,” in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications, J. D. Gonglewski, M. A. Vorontsov, M. T. Gruneisen, eds., Proc. SPIE5162, 37–48 (2003).

M. E. Gravecha, A. S. Gurvich, S. S. Kashkarov, V. L. V. Pokasov, “Similarity relations and their experimental verification for strong intensity fluctuations of laser radiation,” in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J. Strohbehn, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1978).

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE Press, 2001).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. W. Gowens, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive correction of wavefront phase distortions in a free-space laser communication: system and method,” U.S. patent (pending).

J. W. Hardy, Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes, Vol. 16 of Oxford Series in Optical and Imaging Sciences (Oxford University, 1998).

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