Abstract

The analytical development and underlying hypothesis of a three-band algorithm for estimating chlorophyll-a concentration ([Chla]) in turbid productive waters are presented. The sensitivity of the algorithm to the spectral location of the bands used is analyzed. A large set of experimental observations ([Chla] varied between 4 and 217 mg m−3 and turbidity between 2 and 78 nephelometric turbidity units) was used to calibrate and validate the algorithm. It was found that the variability of the chlorophyll-a fluorescence quantum yield and of the chlorophyll-a specific absorption coefficient can reduce considerably the accuracy of remote predictions of [Chla]. Instead of parameterizing these interferences, their effects were minimized by tuning the spectral regions used in the algorithm. This allowed us to predict [Chla] with a relative root-mean-square error of less than 30%.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2003 (5)

G. Dall’Olmo, A. A. Gitelson, D. C. Rundquist, “Towards a unified approach for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a in both terrestrial vegetation and turbid productive waters,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1938, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Melin, G. Zibordi, J. F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kallio, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, “Feasibility of airborne imaging spectrometry for lake monitoring: a case study of spatial chlorophyll alpha distribution in two meso-eutrophic lakes,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 3771–3790 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (7)

P. Ammenberg, P. Flink, T. Lindell, D. Pierson, N. Strombeck, “Bio-optical modelling combined with remote sensing to assess water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 1621–1638 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Stramski, A. Sciandra, H. Claustre, “Effects of temperature, nitrogen, and light limitation on the optical properties of the marine diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 392–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiki, S. Taguchi, “Variability in chlorophyll alpha specific absorption coefficient in marine phytoplankton as a function of cell size and irradiance,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 859–874 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, D. Stramski, “Light absorption by aquatic particles in the near-infrared spectral region,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 911–915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, K. G. Ruddick, “A chlorophyll-retrieval algorithm for satellite imagery (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) of inland and coastal waters,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 947–951 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Oki, Y. Yasuoka, “Estimation of chlorophyll concentration in lakes and inland seas with a field spectroradiometer above the water surface,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6463–6469 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

K. G. Ruddick, H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, G. Tilstone, “Optical remote sensing of chlorophyll a in case 2 waters by use of an adaptive two-band algorithm with optimal error properties,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3575–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Loisel, A. Morel, “Nonisotropy of the upward radiance field in typical coastal (case 2) waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 275–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. Pierson, N. Strömbäck, “A modelling approach to evaluate preliminary remote sensing algorithms: use of water quality data from Swedish great lakes,” Geophysica 36, 177–202 (2000).

H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, S. Bagheri, K. G. Ruddick, “Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in estuarine and coastal waters,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 5189–5192 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

H. J. Gons, “Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in turbid inland waters,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 33, 1127–1132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685 nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Allali, A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, “Spatial variations in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of phytoplankton and photosynthetically active pigments in the equatorial pacific,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 102, 12413–12423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Babin, A. Morel, B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, “In-situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 100, 13279–13294 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Tassan, G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 40, 1358–1368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

A. A. Gitelson, M. Mayo, Y. Z. Yacobi, A. Parparov, T. Berman, “The use of high-spectral-resolution radiometer data for detection of low chlorophyll concentrations in Lake Kinneret,” J. Plankton Res. 16, 993–1002 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Welschmeyer, “Fluorometric analysis of chlorophyll a in the presence of chlorophyll b and pheopigments,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1985–1992 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, “Model for the interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5721–5732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

A. Morel, B. Gentili, “Diffuse-reflectance of oceanic waters. 2. Bidirectional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6864–6879 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Gitelson, G. Garbuzov, F. Szilagyi, K.-H. Mittenzwey, A. Karnieli, A. Kaiser, “Quantitative remote sensing methods for real time monitoring of inland water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 14, 1269–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. A. Gitelson, “The peak near 700 nm on radiance spectra of algae and water: relationships of its magnitude and position with chlorophyll concentration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 13, 3367–3373 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1989 (1)

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, K. L. Carder, “Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510–1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, “A remote-sensing reflectance model of a red-tide dinoflagellate off West Florida,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 30, 286–298 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

A. Vasilkov, O. Kopelevich, “Reasons for the appearance of the maximum near 700 nm in the radiance spectrum emitted by the ocean layer,” Oceanology 22, 697–701 (1982).

1981 (1)

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by dissolved organic matter of the sea (yellow substance) in the UV and visible domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 1, 43–53 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. F. R. Gower, “Observations of in-situ fluorescence of chlorophyll-a in Saanich Intel,” Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 235–245 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

R. A. Neville, J. F. R. Gower, “Passive remote sensing of phytoplankton via chlorophyll α fluorescence,” J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3487–3493 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Allali, K.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Allali, A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, “Spatial variations in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of phytoplankton and photosynthetically active pigments in the equatorial pacific,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 102, 12413–12423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ammenberg, P.

P. Ammenberg, P. Flink, T. Lindell, D. Pierson, N. Strombeck, “Bio-optical modelling combined with remote sensing to assess water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 1621–1638 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Association, Health

American Public, Health Association, American Water, Works Association, Water Pollution, Control Federation, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 1989).

Association, Works

American Public, Health Association, American Water, Works Association, Water Pollution, Control Federation, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 1989).

Babin, F.

H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Babin, M.

H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, D. Stramski, “Light absorption by aquatic particles in the near-infrared spectral region,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 911–915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, S.

H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, S. Bagheri, K. G. Ruddick, “Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in estuarine and coastal waters,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 5189–5192 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Berman, T.

A. A. Gitelson, M. Mayo, Y. Z. Yacobi, A. Parparov, T. Berman, “The use of high-spectral-resolution radiometer data for detection of low chlorophyll concentrations in Lake Kinneret,” J. Plankton Res. 16, 993–1002 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berthon, J. F.

F. Melin, G. Zibordi, J. F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borstad, G. A.

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685 nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brando, V. E.

V. E. Brando, A. G. Dekker, “The fluorescence term on the observed 690–710 nm reflectance peak in eutrophic turbid (inland) waters: myth or reality?” in Ocean Optics XVI, (Office of Naval Research, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2002).

Bricaud, A.

H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Allali, A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, “Spatial variations in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of phytoplankton and photosynthetically active pigments in the equatorial pacific,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 102, 12413–12423 (1997).
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A. A. Gitelson, Y. Gritz, M. N. Merzlyak, “Relationship between leaf chlorophyll content and spectral reflectance and algorithms for non-destructive chlorophyll assessment in higher plant leaves,” J. Plant Physiol. 160, 271–282 (2003).
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J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685 nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771–1786 (1999).
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A. A. Gitelson, Y. Gritz, M. N. Merzlyak, “Relationship between leaf chlorophyll content and spectral reflectance and algorithms for non-destructive chlorophyll assessment in higher plant leaves,” J. Plant Physiol. 160, 271–282 (2003).
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J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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A. A. Gitelson, G. Garbuzov, F. Szilagyi, K.-H. Mittenzwey, A. Karnieli, A. Kaiser, “Quantitative remote sensing methods for real time monitoring of inland water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 14, 1269–1295 (1993).
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K. Kallio, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, “Feasibility of airborne imaging spectrometry for lake monitoring: a case study of spatial chlorophyll alpha distribution in two meso-eutrophic lakes,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 3771–3790 (2003).
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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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K. Kallio, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, “Feasibility of airborne imaging spectrometry for lake monitoring: a case study of spatial chlorophyll alpha distribution in two meso-eutrophic lakes,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 3771–3790 (2003).
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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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Lindell, T.

P. Ammenberg, P. Flink, T. Lindell, D. Pierson, N. Strombeck, “Bio-optical modelling combined with remote sensing to assess water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 1621–1638 (2002).
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H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
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A. A. Gitelson, M. Mayo, Y. Z. Yacobi, A. Parparov, T. Berman, “The use of high-spectral-resolution radiometer data for detection of low chlorophyll concentrations in Lake Kinneret,” J. Plankton Res. 16, 993–1002 (1994).
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A. A. Gitelson, Y. Gritz, M. N. Merzlyak, “Relationship between leaf chlorophyll content and spectral reflectance and algorithms for non-destructive chlorophyll assessment in higher plant leaves,” J. Plant Physiol. 160, 271–282 (2003).
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A. A. Gitelson, G. Garbuzov, F. Szilagyi, K.-H. Mittenzwey, A. Karnieli, A. Kaiser, “Quantitative remote sensing methods for real time monitoring of inland water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 14, 1269–1295 (1993).
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A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
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M. Babin, A. Morel, B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417–2448 (1996).
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A. Morel, B. Gentili, “Diffuse-reflectance of oceanic waters. 2. Bidirectional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6864–6879 (1993).
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G. S. Fargion, J. L. Mueller, “Ocean optics protocols for SeaWiFS validation, revision 2,” (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 2000).

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Parparov, A.

A. A. Gitelson, M. Mayo, Y. Z. Yacobi, A. Parparov, T. Berman, “The use of high-spectral-resolution radiometer data for detection of low chlorophyll concentrations in Lake Kinneret,” J. Plankton Res. 16, 993–1002 (1994).
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Peacock, T. G.

Perry, M. J.

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, “In-situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 100, 13279–13294 (1995).
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P. Ammenberg, P. Flink, T. Lindell, D. Pierson, N. Strombeck, “Bio-optical modelling combined with remote sensing to assess water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 1621–1638 (2002).
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Pulliainen, J.

K. Kallio, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, “Feasibility of airborne imaging spectrometry for lake monitoring: a case study of spatial chlorophyll alpha distribution in two meso-eutrophic lakes,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 3771–3790 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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Rijkeboer, M.

H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, K. G. Ruddick, “A chlorophyll-retrieval algorithm for satellite imagery (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) of inland and coastal waters,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 947–951 (2002).
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C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, “In-situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance,” J. Geophys. Res. [Oceans] 100, 13279–13294 (1995).
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H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, S. Bagheri, K. G. Ruddick, “Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in estuarine and coastal waters,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 5189–5192 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, D. C.

G. Dall’Olmo, A. A. Gitelson, D. C. Rundquist, “Towards a unified approach for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a in both terrestrial vegetation and turbid productive waters,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1938, doi: (2003).
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Sciandra, A.

D. Stramski, A. Sciandra, H. Claustre, “Effects of temperature, nitrogen, and light limitation on the optical properties of the marine diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 392–403 (2002).
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J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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D. Stramski, A. Sciandra, H. Claustre, “Effects of temperature, nitrogen, and light limitation on the optical properties of the marine diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 392–403 (2002).
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M. Babin, D. Stramski, “Light absorption by aquatic particles in the near-infrared spectral region,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 911–915 (2002).
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D. Pierson, N. Strömbäck, “A modelling approach to evaluate preliminary remote sensing algorithms: use of water quality data from Swedish great lakes,” Geophysica 36, 177–202 (2000).

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P. Ammenberg, P. Flink, T. Lindell, D. Pierson, N. Strombeck, “Bio-optical modelling combined with remote sensing to assess water quality,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 1621–1638 (2002).
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T. Fujiki, S. Taguchi, “Variability in chlorophyll alpha specific absorption coefficient in marine phytoplankton as a function of cell size and irradiance,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 859–874 (2002).
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S. Tassan, G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 40, 1358–1368 (1995).
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J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–61 (2003).
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A. Vasilkov, O. Kopelevich, “Reasons for the appearance of the maximum near 700 nm in the radiance spectrum emitted by the ocean layer,” Oceanology 22, 697–701 (1982).

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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
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Zibordi, G.

F. Melin, G. Zibordi, J. F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
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H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, S. Bagheri, K. G. Ruddick, “Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in estuarine and coastal waters,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 5189–5192 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

G. Dall’Olmo, A. A. Gitelson, D. C. Rundquist, “Towards a unified approach for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a in both terrestrial vegetation and turbid productive waters,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1938, doi: (2003).
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Geophysica (1)

D. Pierson, N. Strömbäck, “A modelling approach to evaluate preliminary remote sensing algorithms: use of water quality data from Swedish great lakes,” Geophysica 36, 177–202 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

F. Melin, G. Zibordi, J. F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
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K. Kallio, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, “Feasibility of airborne imaging spectrometry for lake monitoring: a case study of spatial chlorophyll alpha distribution in two meso-eutrophic lakes,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 24, 3771–3790 (2003).
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H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
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J. Plankton Res. (4)

T. Fujiki, S. Taguchi, “Variability in chlorophyll alpha specific absorption coefficient in marine phytoplankton as a function of cell size and irradiance,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 859–874 (2002).
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S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Gitelson, M. Mayo, Y. Z. Yacobi, A. Parparov, T. Berman, “The use of high-spectral-resolution radiometer data for detection of low chlorophyll concentrations in Lake Kinneret,” J. Plankton Res. 16, 993–1002 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Gons, M. Rijkeboer, K. G. Ruddick, “A chlorophyll-retrieval algorithm for satellite imagery (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) of inland and coastal waters,” J. Plankton Res. 24, 947–951 (2002).
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J. Plant Physiol. (1)

A. A. Gitelson, Y. Gritz, M. N. Merzlyak, “Relationship between leaf chlorophyll content and spectral reflectance and algorithms for non-destructive chlorophyll assessment in higher plant leaves,” J. Plant Physiol. 160, 271–282 (2003).
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A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
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M. Babin, D. Stramski, “Light absorption by aquatic particles in the near-infrared spectral region,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 911–915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Welschmeyer, “Fluorometric analysis of chlorophyll a in the presence of chlorophyll b and pheopigments,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1985–1992 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Stramski, A. Sciandra, H. Claustre, “Effects of temperature, nitrogen, and light limitation on the optical properties of the marine diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 392–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, M. Babin, F. Babin, F. Bruyant, L. Guillou, F. Le Gall, D. Marie, F. Partensky, “Diel variations in prochlorococcus optical properties,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 1637–1647 (2002).
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K. Kallio, T. Kutser, T. Hannonen, S. Koponen, J. Pulliainen, J. Veps, T. Pyh, “Retrieval of water quality from airborne imaging spectrometry of various lake types in different seasons,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 59–77 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pulliainen, K. Kallio, K. Eloheimo, S. Koponen, H. Servomaa, T. Hannonen, S. Tauriainen, M. Hallikainen, “A semi-operative approach to lake water quality retrieval from remote sensing data,” Sci. Total Environ. 268, 79–93 (2001).
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