Abstract

We experimentally study the effect of ionizing radiation on the properties of long-period gratings fabricated in two pure-silica-core fibers with the arc-discharge technique. It is observed that the spectra of the gratings remain almost unchanged after being subjected to doses in excess of 0.5 MGy. The results also show that the gratings’ temperature and strain sensitivities are not affected by gamma radiation.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, D. J. DiGiovani, M. E. Lines, S. L. Jones, D. N. Ridgway, G. A. Sandels, I. A. White, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, E. M. Monberg, J. Jasapara, “Frozen-in vis-coelasticity for novel beam expanders and high-power connectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Lyytikäinen, S. T. Huntington, A. L. G. Carter, P. McNamara, S. Fleming, J. Abramczik, I. Kaplin, G. Schötz, “Dopant diffusion during optical fiber drawing,” Opt. Express 12, 972–977 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

K. Saito, A. J. Ikushima, “Effects of fluorine on structure, structural relaxation, and absorption edge in silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4886–4890 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abramczik, J.

Akiyama, M.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

Albert, J.

J. Albert, M. Fokine, W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC9-1.

Bayon, J. F.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Bernage, P.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Bocquet, R.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bodart, S.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brichard, B.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

Caron, S.

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

Carter, A. L. G.

Cetier, P.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Coeck, M.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

Coenen, S.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

Danzuka, T.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

Decréton, M.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

Defosse, Y.

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Delchambre, A.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovani, D. J.

DiMarcello, F. V.

Douay, M.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dürr, F.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Enomoto, T.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

Ferdinand, P.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez Fernandez, A.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Fertein, E.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

J. W. Fleming, “Sub glass transition relaxation in optical fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuB2, pp. 1–3.

Fleming, S.

Fokine, M.

J. Albert, M. Fokine, W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC9-1.

Gaiffe, T.

T. Gaiffe, “From R&D brassboards to navigation grade fog-based INS: the experience of Photonetics/Ixsea,” in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1–4.
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golant, K. M.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grekov, M. V.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gusarov, A.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

Hindle, F.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huntington, S. T.

Ikushima, A. J.

K. Saito, A. J. Ikushima, “Effects of fluorine on structure, structural relaxation, and absorption edge in silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4886–4890 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, S.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

Jasapara, J.

Jones, S. L.

Kanamori, H.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

Kaplin, I.

Karpov, V. I.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Klein, K.-F.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, B.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurkov, A. S.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lahoreau, F.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lammens, K.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leconte, B.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lines, M. E.

Lyytikäinen, K.

Margulis, W.

J. Albert, M. Fokine, W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC9-1.

Marques, P. V. S.

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, J. L. Santos, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, “Study of the properties of arc-induced long-period gratings and Bragg gratings in B/Ge doped fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 93 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MD23, pp. 121–123.

McNamara, P.

Medvedkov, O. I.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

Monberg, E. M.

Monerie, M.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morin, A.

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

Niay, P.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nishide, K.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

Okhotnikov, O.

Ooms, H.

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
[CrossRef]

Paccou, L.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Przygodzki, C.

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rego, G.

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, O. Okhotnikov, E. Dianov, V. Sulimov, “High temperature stability of long-period fiber gratings produced using an electric arc,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1574–1579 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, J. L. Santos, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, “Study of the properties of arc-induced long-period gratings and Bragg gratings in B/Ge doped fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 93 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MD23, pp. 121–123.

Ridgway, D. N.

Rougeault, S.

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Saito, K.

K. Saito, A. J. Ikushima, “Effects of fluorine on structure, structural relaxation, and absorption edge in silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4886–4890 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salgado, H. M.

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, J. L. Santos, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, “Study of the properties of arc-induced long-period gratings and Bragg gratings in B/Ge doped fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 93 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MD23, pp. 121–123.

Sandels, G. A.

Santos, J. L.

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rego, J. L. Santos, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, “Study of the properties of arc-induced long-period gratings and Bragg gratings in B/Ge doped fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 93 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MD23, pp. 121–123.

Santos, L. M. M. B. F.

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schötz, G.

Schröder, B.

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shigehara, M.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

Shima, K.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

Sulimov, V.

Tomashuk, A. L.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vos, F.

F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

Wada, A.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

White, I. A.

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A. D.

Yamauchi, R.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

Yan, M. F.

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain based on arc-induced long-period fiber gratings,” Electron. Lett. 41, 60–61 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

G. Rego, L. M. M. B. F. Santos, B. Schröder, P. V. S. Marques, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, “In situ temperature measurement of an optical fiber submitted to electric arc discharges,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2111–2113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, O. Deparis, A. Fernandez Fernandez, Y. Defosse, P. Mégret, M. Decréton, M. Blondel, “High total dose radiation temperature effects on temperature sensing fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1159–1161 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, E. Fertein, F. Lahoreau, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Ferdinand, S. Rougeault, P. Cetier, “Behavior of Bragg gratings, written in germanosilicate fibers, against γ-ray exposure at low dose rate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1350–1352 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Hindle, E. Fertein, C. Przygodzki, F. Dürr, L. Paccou, R. Bocquet, P. Niay, H. G. Limberger, M. Douay, “Inscription of long-period gratings in pure silica and germanosilicate fiber cores by femtosecond laser irradiation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1861–1863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (3)

A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Dose-rate dependencies in gamma-irradiated in-fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2874–2878 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, O. I. Medvedkov, A. L. Tomashuk, V. I. Karpov, M. V. Grekov, A. S. Kurkov, B. Leconte, P. Niay, “Performance of Bragg and long-period gratings written in N-doped and Ge-doped silica fibers under γ-radiation,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 1580–1583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, B. Brichard, M. Decréton, “Towards the development of radiation-tolerant instrumentation data links for thermonuclear fusion experiments,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 49, 2879–2887 (2002).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Saito, A. J. Ikushima, “Effects of fluorine on structure, structural relaxation, and absorption edge in silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4886–4890 (2002).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe, “Diffusion behavior of fluorine in silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266–273 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Fernandez Fernandez, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, S. Bodart, K. Lammens, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, A. Delchambre, “Temperature monitoring of nuclear reactor cores with multiplexed fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1246–1254 (2002).
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Opt. Express (1)

Other (9)

A. Fernandez Fernandez, H. Ooms, B. Brichard, M. Coeck, S. Coenen, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “SCK-CEN irradiation facilities for radiation tolerance assessment,” in IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop (IEEE, 2002), pp. 171–176.
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G. Rego, J. L. Santos, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, “Study of the properties of arc-induced long-period gratings and Bragg gratings in B/Ge doped fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 93 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MD23, pp. 121–123.

J. W. Fleming, “Sub glass transition relaxation in optical fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuB2, pp. 1–3.

M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, “A novel long-period fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 276–277.

T. Gaiffe, “From R&D brassboards to navigation grade fog-based INS: the experience of Photonetics/Ixsea,” in 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1–4.
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F. Berghmans, A. Fernandez Fernandez, B. Brichard, F. Vos, M. Decréton, A. Gusarov, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, S. Caron, A. Morin, “Radiation hardness of fiber-optic sensors for monitoring and remote handling applications in nuclear environments,” in Harsh Environment Sensors, Photonics East 98, M. A. Marcus, A. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3532, 28–39 (1998).

A. Gusarov, Y. Defosse, O. Deparis, M. Blondel, A. Fernandez Fernandez, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, “Effect of ionising radiation on the properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in Ge-doped fiber,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC30-1.

T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori, “Long-period fiber grating in a pure-silica core fiber written by residual stress relaxation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), pp. 277–278.

J. Albert, M. Fokine, W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper BThC9-1.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive-index profile of the Oxford fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup used for LPFG fabrication: WLS, white-light source; MTS, motorized translation stage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Transmission spectra of four gratings written in the Oxford fiber with different parameters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of the resonant wavelength and respective attenuation for LPFG #7 written in Oxford fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature dependence of the resonant wavelength and respective attenuation for LPFG #2 written in Acreo fiber.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup used for LPFG irradiation: OS, optical switch; SM, single-mode; FBGref, fiber Bragg grating reference.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

In situ measurement of the evolution of the LPFG #1 spectrum during irradiation.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Effect of gamma radiation on LPFG #1.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Effect of gamma radiation on LPFG #4.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Effect of bending on LPFG #1.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Temperature sensitivities of two nonirradiated gratings (LPFGs #17 and #24) and two irradiated gratings (LPFGs #6 and #7) written in the Oxford fiber.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Temperature sensitivity of LPFG #1 before and after irradiation.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Strain sensitivity of LPFG #1 before and after irradiation.

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