Abstract

Several theoretical models have been proposed to predict the behavior of photopolymers as holographic recording materials. Basically these models have been applied to study thin layers (around 100 μm thick). The increasing importance of holographic memories recorded in photopolymers (thickness of >500 μm) makes it necessary to extend the ideas proposed by these models to study thick photopolymer layers. We calculate the temporal evolution of the diffraction efficiencies for thick layers using a first-harmonic diffusion model, and the results obtained are compared with the corresponding values for thin layers. Furthermore, the values of the average diffusivity of the polymer chains after the grating is formed are also obtained. In general, we find that the monomer and polymer diffusivity increases when higher values of thickness are used.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Orlov, W. Philips, E. Bjormson, Y. Takashima, P. Sundaram, L. Hesselink, R. Okas, D. Kwan, R. Snyder, “High-transfer-rate high-capacity holographic disk data-storage system,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4902–4914 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (8)

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

P. Cheben, M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. T. O’Neill, J. R. Lawrence, J. T. Sheridan, “Improvement of holographic recording material using aerosol sealant,” J. Opt. 3, 20–25 (2001).

J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, “Photopolymer holographic recording material parameter estimation using a non-local diffusion based model,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3142–3148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

J. T. Sheridan, J. R. Lawrence, “Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008–1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bablumian, T. F. Krile, “Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/interconnections,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2964–2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Boyd, T. J. Trentler, K. W. Rajeev, Y. I. Vega-Cantu, V. L. Colvin, “Effect of film thickness on the performance of photopolymers as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2353–2358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaya, L. Carretero, A. Fimia, “Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1628–1630 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Zhao, P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Álvarez, M.

Aubrecht, I.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bablumian, A. S.

A. S. Bablumian, T. F. Krile, “Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/interconnections,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2964–2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beléndez, A.

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjormson, E.

Blaya, S.

S. Blaya, L. Carretero, A. Fimia, “Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1628–1630 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, J. E.

Butler, C. J.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2,” in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE5316, 10–25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, M. L.

P. Cheben, M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carretero, L.

S. Blaya, L. Carretero, A. Fimia, “Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1628–1630 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheben, P.

P. Cheben, M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V. L.

Duzik, T.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feely, C. A.

Fimia, A.

S. Blaya, L. Carretero, A. Fimia, “Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1628–1630 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gallego, S.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gambogi, W.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, C.

García, C.

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamzavy, B.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Hwang, H. C.

Kelly, J.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koudela, I.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krile, T. F.

A. S. Bablumian, T. F. Krile, “Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/interconnections,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2964–2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kwan, D.

Kwon, J. H.

Lawrence, J. R.

J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, “Photopolymer holographic recording material parameter estimation using a non-local diffusion based model,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3142–3148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. T. O’Neill, J. R. Lawrence, J. T. Sheridan, “Improvement of holographic recording material using aerosol sealant,” J. Opt. 3, 20–25 (2001).

J. T. Sheridan, J. R. Lawrence, “Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008–1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mackara, S.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, A.

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, S.

Miler, M.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mouroulis, P.

G. Zhao, P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neipp, C.

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Neill, F. T.

J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, “Photopolymer holographic recording material parameter estimation using a non-local diffusion based model,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3142–3148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. T. O’Neill, J. R. Lawrence, J. T. Sheridan, “Improvement of holographic recording material using aerosol sealant,” J. Opt. 3, 20–25 (2001).

Okas, R.

Orlov, S. S.

Ortuño, M.

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pascual, I.

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. Álvarez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “First-harmonic diffusion-based model applied to a polyvinyl alcohol–acrylamide-based photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2052–2060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. Garcia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11, 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Diffusion-based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in polyvinyl(alcohol)–acrylamide photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5839–5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Philips, W.

Raguin, D. H.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2,” in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE5316, 10–25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, K. W.

Sheridan, J. T.

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual, J. T. Sheridan, “Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,” Opt. Express 11, 1835–1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. T. O’Neill, J. R. Lawrence, J. T. Sheridan, “Improvement of holographic recording material using aerosol sealant,” J. Opt. 3, 20–25 (2001).

J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, “Photopolymer holographic recording material parameter estimation using a non-local diffusion based model,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3142–3148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Sheridan, J. R. Lawrence, “Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008–1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, R.

Steijn, K.

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sundaram, P.

Takashima, Y.

Toal, V.

Trentler, T. J.

Vega-Cantu, Y. I.

Waldman, D. A.

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2,” in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE5316, 10–25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woo, K. C.

Zhao, G.

G. Zhao, P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Cheben, M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaya, L. Carretero, A. Fimia, “Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1628–1630 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, “Photopolymer holographic recording material parameter estimation using a non-local diffusion based model,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3142–3148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (3)

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491–503 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhao, P. Mouroulis, “Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymer materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929–1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

F. T. O’Neill, J. R. Lawrence, J. T. Sheridan, “Improvement of holographic recording material using aerosol sealant,” J. Opt. 3, 20–25 (2001).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. T. Sheridan, J. R. Lawrence, “Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008–1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 233, 311–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Characterization of a PVA/acrylamide photopolymer. Influence of a cross-linking monomer in the final characteristics of the hologram,” Opt. Commun. 224, 27–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. S. Bablumian, T. F. Krile, “Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/interconnections,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2964–2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, G. T. Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, 2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Waldman, C. J. Butler, D. H. Raguin, “CROP holographic storage media for optical data storage at greater than 100 bits/μm2,” in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE5316, 10–25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzik, B. Hamzavy, J. Kelly, “HOE imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Mi, mirrors; Li, lenses; SFi, spatial filters to expand the beams; Di, diaphragms; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency versus exposure time at a Bragg angle for a thin grating (112 μm thick).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency versus the exposure time at a Bragg angle for thick layers with two different thickness.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized residual free monomer [M0] [see Eq. (2)] as a function of the exposure time.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Angular scan around the first Bragg angle is plotted for holographic memories (650 μm of thickness).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Natural logarithm of the exponential decay of n1, modulation of the refractive index, as a function of time plotted for thin layers. The correlation value for the line fit is also presented.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Natural logarithm of the exponential decay of n1, modulation of the refractive index, as a function of the time plotted for thick layers. The correlation value for the line fit is also presented.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Composition of the Solution Used to Prepare Layers of the Recording Material According to the Thickness to be Obtained

Equations (11)

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n ( x , t ) = n 0 t - n 1 ( t ) cos ( K g x ) ,
[ M ] ( x , t ) = [ M ] 0 ( t ) - [ M ] 1 ( t ) cos ( K g x ) ,
[ P ] ( x , t ) = [ P ] 0 ( t ) + [ P ] 1 ( t ) cos ( K g x ) ,
n 1 = ( n dark 2 + 2 ) 2 6 n dark [ - ( n m 2 - 1 n m 2 + 2 - n b 2 - 1 n b 2 + 2 ) [ M ] 1 + ( n p 2 - 1 n p 2 + 2 - n b 2 - 1 n b 2 + 2 ) [ P ] 1 ] ,
F ( x , t ) = k R ( t ) I 0 γ [ I + V cos ( K g x ) ] γ = k R ( t ) I γ ,
k R ( t ) = k R exp ( - φ I 0 t ) ,
[ M ] ( x , t ) t = x D [ M ] ( x , t ) x - k R ( t ) I γ ( x ) [ M ] ( x , t ) ,
[ P ] ( x , t ) t = k R ( t ) I γ ( x ) [ M ] ( x , t ) ,
D ( t ) = D exp ( - φ I 0 t ) ,
n 1 ( z ) = n 1 exp ( - α z ) .
n 1 ( t ) = n 1 ( t ) + Δ n 1 exp [ - D ( 2 π Λ ) 2 t ] .

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