Abstract

Measurements of column densities of atmospheric gases can be achieved by a solar spectroscopic method that uses differential optical absorption spectroscopy. Because of the scintillation of sunlight intensity in the atmosphere, the variation in intensity will introduce a low-frequency modification of the measured solar spectrum. A spectral capturing-type CCD spectrometer takes milliseconds to capture a solar spectrum, and the effect of sunlight scintillation is negligible. In contrast, without scintillation correction, a scanning-type spectrometer spending minutes to obtain a complete solar spectrum will introduce some amount of errors. We demonstrate an intensity-compensation technique in a scanning-type spectrometer, based on a solid-state acousto-optic tunable filter, for solar spectroscopic measurements.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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