In cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), the volumetric reconstruction may in principle assume an arbitrarily fine grid. The supergridded cone-beam reconstruction refers to reconstructing the object domain or a subvolume thereof with a grid that is finer than the proper computed tomography sampling grid (as determined by gantry geometry and detector discreteness). This technique can naturally reduce the voxelization effect, thereby retaining more details for object reproduction. The grid refinement is usually limited to two or three refinement levels because the detail pursuit is eventually limited by the detector discreteness. The volume reconstruction is usually targeted to a local volume of interest due to the cubic growth in a three-dimensional (3D) array size. As an application, we used this technique for 3D point-spread function (PSF) measurement of a CBCT system by reconstructing edge spread profiles in a refined grid. Through an experiment with a Teflon ball on a CBCT system, we demonstrated the supergridded volume reconstruction (based on a Feldcamp algorithm) and the CBCT PSF measurement (based on an edge-blurring technique). In comparison with a postreconstruction image refinement technique (upsampling and interpolation), the supergridded reconstruction could produce better PSFs (in terms of a smaller FWHM and PSF fitting error).
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