Abstract

A high-energy, high-average-power laser system, optimized to efficiently pump a high-performance optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 527 nm, has been demonstrated. The crystal large-aperture ring amplifier employs two flash-lamp-pumped, 25.4-mm-diameter Nd:YLF rods. The transmitted wave front of these rods is corrected by magnetorheological finishing to achieve nearly diffraction-limited output performance with frequency-doubled pulse energies up to 1.8 J at 5 Hz.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
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    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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  6. Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

R. Weber, T. Graf, H. P. Weber, “Self-adjusting compensating thermal lens to balance the thermally induced lens in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 757–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Okishev, W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. D. Zuegel, W. Seka, “Direct measurements of 4I11/2 terminal-level lifetime in Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1742–1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. M. Auerbach, V. P. Karpenko, “Serrated-aperture apodizers for high-energy laser systems,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3179–3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

Auerbach, J. M.

J. M. Auerbach, V. P. Karpenko, “Serrated-aperture apodizers for high-energy laser systems,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3179–3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babushkin, A.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bagnoud, V.

Battaglia, D. J.

A. V. Okishev, D. J. Battaglia, I. A. Begishev, J. D. Zuegel, “Highly stable, diode-pumped, cavity-dumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier for the OMEGA laser fusion facility,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann, L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 418–422.

Begishev, I. A.

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Okishev, D. J. Battaglia, I. A. Begishev, J. D. Zuegel, “Highly stable, diode-pumped, cavity-dumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier for the OMEGA laser fusion facility,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann, L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 418–422.

Bonner, R. A.

Brown, D. L.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cardoso, L.

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Chambaret, J. P.

Chekhlov, O.

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Collier, J.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Comaskey, B. J.

Cotton, C. T.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dumas, P.

D. Golini, S. Jacobs, W. Kordonski, P. Dumas, “Precision optics fabrication using magnetorheological finishing,” in Advanced Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, R. A. Paquin, T. B. Parsonage, eds., Vol. CR67 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), pp. 251–274.

Ebbers, C. A.

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golini, D.

D. Golini, S. Jacobs, W. Kordonski, P. Dumas, “Precision optics fabrication using magnetorheological finishing,” in Advanced Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, R. A. Paquin, T. B. Parsonage, eds., Vol. CR67 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), pp. 251–274.

Graf, T.

R. Weber, T. Graf, H. P. Weber, “Self-adjusting compensating thermal lens to balance the thermally induced lens in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 757–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

Guardalben, M. J.

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hancock, S.

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Ina, H.

Ishii, E.

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izawa, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobs, S.

D. Golini, S. Jacobs, W. Kordonski, P. Dumas, “Precision optics fabrication using magnetorheological finishing,” in Advanced Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, R. A. Paquin, T. B. Parsonage, eds., Vol. CR67 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), pp. 251–274.

Jitsuno, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

Kanabe, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karpenko, V. P.

J. M. Auerbach, V. P. Karpenko, “Serrated-aperture apodizers for high-energy laser systems,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3179–3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawasaki, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keegan, J.

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, J. H.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamura, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiyko, V.

Kobayashi, S.

Kodama, R.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kordonski, W.

D. Golini, S. Jacobs, W. Kordonski, P. Dumas, “Precision optics fabrication using magnetorheological finishing,” in Advanced Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, R. A. Paquin, T. B. Parsonage, eds., Vol. CR67 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), pp. 251–274.

Labuzeta, M. A.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Luce, J.

Matousek, P.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Matsuo, S.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Miller, M. O.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morse, E. C.

Neely, D.

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Nodvik, J. S.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Notley, M.

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Okishev, A. V.

A. V. Okishev, W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Okishev, D. J. Battaglia, I. A. Begishev, J. D. Zuegel, “Highly stable, diode-pumped, cavity-dumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier for the OMEGA laser fusion facility,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann, L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 418–422.

Pennington, D. M.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Puth, J.

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roides, R. G.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

J. Collier, C. Hernandez-Gomez, I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, J. Walczak, “Evaluation of an ultrabroadband high-gain amplification technique for chirped pulse amplification facilities,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7486–7493 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

Rouyer, A.

Safford, T. A.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sakabe, S.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

A. V. Okishev, W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Zuegel, W. Seka, “Direct measurements of 4I11/2 terminal-level lifetime in Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1742–1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shigemori, K.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skeldon, M. D.

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tracy, M. D.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

Videau, L.

Walczak, J.

Waxer, L. J.

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, H. P.

R. Weber, T. Graf, H. P. Weber, “Self-adjusting compensating thermal lens to balance the thermally induced lens in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 757–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

R. Weber, T. Graf, H. P. Weber, “Self-adjusting compensating thermal lens to balance the thermally induced lens in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 757–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, T.

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuegel, J. D.

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatio-temporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1245–1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Zuegel, W. Seka, “Direct measurements of 4I11/2 terminal-level lifetime in Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1742–1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Okishev, D. J. Battaglia, I. A. Begishev, J. D. Zuegel, “Highly stable, diode-pumped, cavity-dumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier for the OMEGA laser fusion facility,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann, L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 418–422.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. M. Auerbach, V. P. Karpenko, “Serrated-aperture apodizers for high-energy laser systems,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3179–3183 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Zuegel, W. Seka, “Direct measurements of 4I11/2 terminal-level lifetime in Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1742–1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Weber, T. Graf, H. P. Weber, “Self-adjusting compensating thermal lens to balance the thermally induced lens in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 757–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Okishev, W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

M. J. Guardalben, J. Keegan, L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “Design of highly stable, high-conversion-efficiency, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system with good beam quality,” Opt. Express 11, 2511–2524 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, T. Yamanaka, “High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification by β− BaB204 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 257–259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultra-high intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. D. Skeldon, “A high-bandwidth electrical waveform generator based on an aperture-coupled stripline,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3559–3566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. V. Okishev, D. J. Battaglia, I. A. Begishev, J. D. Zuegel, “Highly stable, diode-pumped, cavity-dumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier for the OMEGA laser fusion facility,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. E. Fermann, L. R. Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 418–422.

D. Golini, S. Jacobs, W. Kordonski, P. Dumas, “Precision optics fabrication using magnetorheological finishing,” in Advanced Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, R. A. Paquin, T. B. Parsonage, eds., Vol. CR67 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), pp. 251–274.

A. Babushkin, J. H. Kelly, C. T. Cotton, M. A. Labuzeta, M. O. Miller, T. A. Safford, R. G. Roides, W. Seka, I. Will, M. D. Tracy, D. L. Brown, “Compact Nd3+-based laser system with gain G ≤ 1013 and output energy of 20 J,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 939–943 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, L. Cardoso, O. Chekhlov, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, S. Hancock, “Progress towards petawatt level OPCPA,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, Ill., 2004), pp. 603–607.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmitted wave-front errors induced by bulk inhomogeneities in a Nd:YLF laser rod can be compensated by means of polishing a surface figure correction on one endface of the rod.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

MRF principle. The MR fluid is pumped to a rotating wheel that passes between the poles of a powerful electromagnet. In the magnetic field, the MR fluid viscosity increases to nearly a solid consistency, which forms a subaperture polishing tool. After passing through the electromagnet, the MR fluid is reconditioned and recycled.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interferograms for rod 2 show the transmitted wave-front error (a) before and (b) after MRF correction. MRF corrections were applied to the central, 21-mm-diameter circular region of the laser rod. The wave-front error was reduced from 0.60 λ to 0.11 λ (peak to valley at 1053 nm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted wave-front error of MRF-corrected rods is sensitive to its orientation. Optimum performance is achieved when the alignment matches the orientation used during measurements to perform the MRF correction. Increased alignment sensitivity is observed for rods with larger initial wave-front errors.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup. The low-energy part includes a single-longitudinal-mode oscillator, the pulse-shaping system, and the regenerative amplifier. The CLARA setup includes the serrated apodizer, the CLARA ring, alignment cameras [near-field (NF) and far-field (FF) CCDs], and the frequency-conversion crystal. TFP, thin-film polarizer; PC, Pockels cell; λ/2, for half-wave plate.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pump-laser far-field distribution measured for a 2-mm beam used to pump an OPCPA preamplifier. (a) The divergence of the beam with uncorrected Nd:YLF rods is large and unsuitable for SHG and OPCPA. (b) Nearly diffraction-limited divergence is achieved for MRF-corrected rods, although some residual divergence results from correction of the transmitted wave front of the wrong polarization.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Near-field images of the laser beam, at 2 ω, after frequency conversion. The dimensions reflect the beam size at this location, which is different from the beam size in the CLARA. CLARA output beam profile (a) before and (b) after MRF correction for a similar input beam.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Larger beams can be amplified in the CLARA with MRF-corrected laser rods. Results with (a) round 17-mm-diameter and (b) square 14-mm, 20th-order Gaussian spatial profiles are demonstrated.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Energy stability at the output of the laser. P-V, peak to valley.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Transmitted Wave-Front Distortion of 25-mm-Diameter Nd:YLF Rods before and after MRF Correction

Metrics