Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is an almost ideal technique for the in situ monitoring of the composition of a glass batch before it enters the glass-melting furnace, saving a significant amount of energy by the optimization of the furnace parameters for a particular composition of the glass batch. We investigate this application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by determining the elemental composition of the glass batch used (i) as a surrogate for radioactive glass waste and (ii) to manufacture the most common type of flat glass. The surrogate glass-batch and flat-glass calibration curves for the major constituents have been prepared using both the line intensity and the line-intensity ratio. The analytical figure of merit of the glass-batch data obtained from the two different detection systems, namely, the Czerny–Turner spectrometer with an intensified diode-array detector and the echelle spectrometer fitted with an intensified CCD camera, are compared.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and fluorine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser sparks,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, Laser Plasmas for Chemical Analysis in Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications, L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).
  4. J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1109–1113 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000).
  6. I. Schechter, “Laser induced plasma spectroscopy, a review of recent advances,” Rev. Anal. Chem. 16, 173–298 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Body, B. L. Chadwick, “Simultaneous elemental analysis system using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1625 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphite versus total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–723 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).
  15. J.-I. Yun, R. Klenze, J.-I. Kim, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the on-line multielement analysis of highly radioactive glass melt. Part I. Characterization and evaluation of the method,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 437–448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.
  17. M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, C. Vallebona, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique to hair tissue mineral analysis,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6133–6137 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.
  19. R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kurniawan, S. Nakajima, J. E. Batubara, M. Marpaung, M. Okamoto, K. Kagawa, “Laser-induced shock wave plasma in glass and its application to elemental analysis,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1067–1072 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Kurniawan, S. Nakajima, J. E. Batubara, M. Marpaung, M. Okamoto, K. Kagawa, “Emission spectrochemical analysis of glass containing Li and K in high concentrations using a XeCl excimer laser-induced shock wave plasma,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 299–305 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).
  25. B. Lal, H. Zheng, F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, “Parametric study of pellets for elemental analysis with laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2792–2797 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. G. Natrella, Experimental Statistics, NBS Handbook 91 (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithessburg, Maryland, 1963).

2005 (1)

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, C. Vallebona, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique to hair tissue mineral analysis,” Appl. Opt. 42, 6133–6137 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2001 (5)

D. Body, B. L. Chadwick, “Simultaneous elemental analysis system using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1625 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphite versus total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

1998 (2)

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

I. Schechter, “Laser induced plasma spectroscopy, a review of recent advances,” Rev. Anal. Chem. 16, 173–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and fluorine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Barrette, L.

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphite versus total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Batubara, J. E.

Bette, H.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Body, D.

D. Body, B. L. Chadwick, “Simultaneous elemental analysis system using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1625 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Botheroyd, I. M.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brysch, A.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Castle, B. C.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chadwick, B. L.

D. Body, B. L. Chadwick, “Simultaneous elemental analysis system using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1625 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clara, M.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cook, R. L.

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Corsi, M.

Cremers, D. A.

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser sparks,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and fluorine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, Laser Plasmas for Chemical Analysis in Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications, L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

Cristoforetti, G.

De Lucia, F. C.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Detalle, V.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Evans, C. P.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S.

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

French, P. D.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haisch, C.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hamel, A.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Hansen, K.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harmon, R. S.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heon, R.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Hidalgo, M.

Hilbk-Kortenbruck, F.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Janzen, C.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Kagawa, K.

Kim, J.-I.

Klassen, M.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klein, O.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Klenze, R.

Kraushaar, M.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kurniawan, H.

Lal, B.

Laserna, J. J.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, S.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Legnaioli, S.

Loree, T. R.

Lucas, J. M.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Makowe, J.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Marpaung, M.

McNesby, K. L.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miziolek, A. W.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mönch, I.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monts, D. L.

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Nakajima, S.

Natrella, M. G.

M. G. Natrella, Experimental Statistics, NBS Handbook 91 (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithessburg, Maryland, 1963).

Niessner, R.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, M.

Palanco, S.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Palleschi, V.

Panne, U.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peter, L.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, J.

J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1109–1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser sparks,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and fluorine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, Laser Plasmas for Chemical Analysis in Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications, L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

Rigsby, J. T.

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Rusak, D. A.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Salvetti, A.

Schaurich, D.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

Schechter, I.

I. Schechter, “Laser induced plasma spectroscopy, a review of recent advances,” Rev. Anal. Chem. 16, 173–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sepold, G.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Singh, J. P.

B. Lal, H. Zheng, F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, “Parametric study of pellets for elemental analysis with laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2792–2797 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000).

Skupin, J.

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sneddon, J.

K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, K.

K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

St-Onge, L.

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

Sturm, V.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Su, C. F.

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Tognoni, E.

Turmel, S.

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphite versus total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vallebona, C.

Vrenegor, J.

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Walters, R. A.

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weritz, F.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

Whitehouse, A. I.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wiggenhauser, H.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

Wilsch, G.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

Winefordner, J. D.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wöstmann, J.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

Wright, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yueh, F.-Y.

B. Lal, H. Zheng, F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, “Parametric study of pellets for elemental analysis with laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2792–2797 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000).

Yun, J.-I.

Zhang, H.

F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000).

Zheng, H.

Anal. Chem. (1)

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and fluorine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (4)

Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. (1)

K. Song, Y. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 23, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. (1)

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. (1)

R. S. Harmon, F. C. De Lucia, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, R. A. Walters, P. D. French “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS): an emerging field-portable sensor technology for real-time, in-situ geochemical and environmental analysis,” Geochem. Explor. Environ. Anal. 5(1), 21–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol. (1)

C. F. Su, S. Feng, J. P. Singh, F.-Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser induced breakdown spectrometry,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Proc. ICALEO (1)

R. Noll, F. Hilbk-Kortenbruck, C. Janzen, O. Klein, J. Makowe, V. Sturm, H. Bette, A. Brysch, J. Vrenegor, “On-line multielemental analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS): research fields, industrial applications and future perspectives,” Proc. ICALEO 402, 1–10 (2003).

Rev. Anal. Chem. (1)

I. Schechter, “Laser induced plasma spectroscopy, a review of recent advances,” Rev. Anal. Chem. 16, 173–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Body, B. L. Chadwick, “Simultaneous elemental analysis system using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1625 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim Acta Part B (1)

S. Palanco, M. Klassen, J. Skupin, K. Hansen, E. Schubert, G. Sepold, J. J. Laserna, “Spectroscopic diagnostics on cw-laser welding plasmas of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim Acta Part B 56, 651–659 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta B (1)

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (5)

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. Part II. Process analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1969–1981 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphite versus total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1109–1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

F.-Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000).

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, Laser Plasmas for Chemical Analysis in Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications, L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

M. Sabsabi, R. Heon, J. M. Lucas, L. St-Onge, V. Detalle, A. Hamel, “On-line analysis of liquid samples by laser induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), presented at LIBS 2002 International Conference, 25–28 September 2002, Orlando, Florida.

F. Weritz, D. Schaurich, G. Wilsch, J. Wöstmann, H. Wiggenhauser, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for the characterization and sorting of concrete waste material in view of high-order re-use,” presented at International Symposium of Non-Destructive Testing in Civil Engineering, 16–19 September 2003, Berlin, Germany.

M. G. Natrella, Experimental Statistics, NBS Handbook 91 (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithessburg, Maryland, 1963).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the apparatus for recording the LIBS spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

LIBS spectra of a surrogate glass batch around 390 nm (a) recorded with the detection system A; (b) recorded with the detection system B (shown only partial spectrum).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calibration curves obtained with detection system A based on line intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calibration data obtained with detection system A based on line-intensity ratio.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calibration data obtained with the detection system B with and without plasma-emission normalization.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Some typical calibration curves based on line ratio with detection system B.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Details of the Two Spectrometers used in this Study

Tables Icon

Table 2 Analyte Lines Selected from the Data Recorded with SPEX 500M Spectrometer and Echelle Spectrometer

Tables Icon

Table 3 Comparison of the Analytical Figure of Merit of Two Detection Systems Using Intensity Ratio with Si or Fe

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I j i x = n x ( h c / λ j i x ) { g j / Q x ( T ) } A j i exp ( E j / k T x ) ,
I j i x / I m n y = [ n x / n y ] ( λ m n y / λ j i x ) { g j / g m } [ Q y ( T ) / Q x ( T ) ] × A j i / A m n exp ( E j / k T x ) / exp ( E m / k T y ) ,
I j i X / I m n Y = ( n x / n y ) × ( constant term ) .
R A = | d | + S D × t 0.975 n M ,

Metrics