Abstract

The spectral emission of gas-phase aluminum and aluminum oxide was measured during and immediately after exposure of a bulk-aluminum sample to a laser-induced spark produced by a focused, pulsed laser beam (Nd:YAG, 10–ns pulse duration, 35 mJ/pulse, λ = 1064 nm). The spectral emission was measured as a function of time after the onset of the laser pulse, and it was also measured in different bath gases (air, nitrogen, oxygen, and helium)

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Brousseau, H. Dorsett, M. Cliff, “Detonation properties of explosives containing nanometric aluminum powder,” presented at the Twelfth International Detonation Symposium, DOE and DoD laboratories, San Diego, Calif, 11–16 August 2002.
  2. D. C. Mueller, S. R. Turns, “A theoretical evaluation of secondary atomization effects on engine performance for aluminum gel propellants,” J. Propul. Power 12, 591–597 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. B. Simeonsson, A. W. Miziolek, “Time-resolved emission studies of ArF laser produced microplasmas,” J. Appl. Opt. 32, 939–947 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).
  13. http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/AtData/lines_form .
  14. B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Amoruso, “Modeling of UV-pulsed laser ablation of silion,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 323–332 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  17. E. V. Saramdaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly-ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  21. E. V. Sarandaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  22. N. Konjeviv, W. Wiese, “Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 1307–1385 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Abdellatif, H. Imam, “A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1155–1165 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  24. H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964), pp. 267–313.
  25. C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2003 (3)

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Abdellatif, H. Imam, “A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1155–1165 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (4)

C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Amoruso, “Modeling of UV-pulsed laser ablation of silion,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 323–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

D. C. Mueller, S. R. Turns, “A theoretical evaluation of secondary atomization effects on engine performance for aluminum gel propellants,” J. Propul. Power 12, 591–597 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. V. Saramdaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly-ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. V. Sarandaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. B. Simeonsson, A. W. Miziolek, “Time-resolved emission studies of ArF laser produced microplasmas,” J. Appl. Opt. 32, 939–947 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

N. Konjeviv, W. Wiese, “Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 1307–1385 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
[Crossref]

Abdellatif, G.

G. Abdellatif, H. Imam, “A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1155–1165 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aguilera, J. A.

C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
[Crossref]

Amoruso, S.

S. Amoruso, “Modeling of UV-pulsed laser ablation of silion,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 323–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Aragon, C.

C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bar, I.

A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barthelemy, O.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bengoechea, J.

C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
[Crossref]

Brousseau, P.

P. Brousseau, H. Dorsett, M. Cliff, “Detonation properties of explosives containing nanometric aluminum powder,” presented at the Twelfth International Detonation Symposium, DOE and DoD laboratories, San Diego, Calif, 11–16 August 2002.

Brunetti, G.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

Campos, J.

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

Capitelli, F.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chaker, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cliff, M.

P. Brousseau, H. Dorsett, M. Cliff, “Detonation properties of explosives containing nanometric aluminum powder,” presented at the Twelfth International Detonation Symposium, DOE and DoD laboratories, San Diego, Calif, 11–16 August 2002.

Colao, F.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

Coloa, F.

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Colon, C.

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

DeLucia, F. C.

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dokhan, A.

A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).

Dorsett, H.

P. Brousseau, H. Dorsett, M. Cliff, “Detonation properties of explosives containing nanometric aluminum powder,” presented at the Twelfth International Detonation Symposium, DOE and DoD laboratories, San Diego, Calif, 11–16 August 2002.

Fantoni, F.

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fantoni, R.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

French, P. D.

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

Green, W. B.

J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
[Crossref]

Griem, H. R.

H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964), pp. 267–313.

Harmon, R. S.

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hatem, G.

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

Imam, H.

G. Abdellatif, H. Imam, “A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1155–1165 (2002).
[Crossref]

Johnston, T. W.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Knudtson, J. T.

J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
[Crossref]

Konjeviv, N.

N. Konjeviv, W. Wiese, “Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 1307–1385 (1990).
[Crossref]

Laville, S.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lazic, V.

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Le Drogoff, B.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mao, X. L.

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

Margot, J.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

McNesby, K. L.

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miziolek, A. W.

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. B. Simeonsson, A. W. Miziolek, “Time-resolved emission studies of ArF laser produced microplasmas,” J. Appl. Opt. 32, 939–947 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mueller, D. C.

D. C. Mueller, S. R. Turns, “A theoretical evaluation of secondary atomization effects on engine performance for aluminum gel propellants,” J. Propul. Power 12, 591–597 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pershin, S.

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Portnov, A.

A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
[Crossref]

Price, E. W.

A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).

Provenzano, M. R.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rai, A. K.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rosenwaks, S.

A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, P.

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

Russo, R. E.

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sabsabi, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Salakhov, M. K. H.

E. V. Saramdaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly-ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. V. Sarandaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

Samuel, A. C.

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

Saramdaev, E. V.

E. V. Saramdaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly-ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sarandaev, E. V.

E. V. Sarandaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

Seitzman, J. M.

A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).

Senesi, N.

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sharma, R. C.

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sigman, R. K.

A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).

Simeonsson, J. B.

J. B. Simeonsson, A. W. Miziolek, “Time-resolved emission studies of ArF laser produced microplasmas,” J. Appl. Opt. 32, 939–947 (1993).
[Crossref]

Singh, J. P.

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sogo, S.

S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
[Crossref]

Spencer, W. A.

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutton, D. G.

J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
[Crossref]

Turns, S. R.

D. C. Mueller, S. R. Turns, “A theoretical evaluation of secondary atomization effects on engine performance for aluminum gel propellants,” J. Propul. Power 12, 591–597 (1996).
[Crossref]

Verdugo, E.

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

von Kaenel, Y.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wainner, R. T.

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

Weisburg, A.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wiese, W.

N. Konjeviv, W. Wiese, “Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 1307–1385 (1990).
[Crossref]

Winkel, R. J.

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yoo, J. H.

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yuasa, S.

S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yueh, F. Y.

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

S. Amoruso, “Modeling of UV-pulsed laser ablation of silion,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 323–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Combust. Flame (1)

S. Yuasa, Y. Zhu, S. Sogo, “Ignition and combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams,” Combust. Flame 108, 387–396 (1997).
[Crossref]

Geoderma (1)

F. Capitelli, F. Colao, M. R. Provenzano, R. Fantoni, G. Brunetti, N. Senesi, “Determination of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Geoderma 106, 45–62 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. (1)

F. Y. Yueh, R. C. Sharma, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, W. A. Spencer, “Evaluation of the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of trace element in liquid,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 52, 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Opt. (4)

A. Portnov, S. Rosenwaks, I. Bar, “Emission following laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds in ambient air,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 2835–2842 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. C. Samuel, F. C. DeLucia, K. L. McNesby, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and protein: initial studies of discrimination potential,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6205–6209 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. B. Simeonsson, A. W. Miziolek, “Time-resolved emission studies of ArF laser produced microplasmas,” J. Appl. Opt. 32, 939–947 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. C. DeLucia, R. S. Harmon, K. L. McNesby, R. J. Winkel, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy analysis of energetic materials,” J. Appl. Opt. 42, 6148–6152 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. T. Knudtson, W. B. Green, D. G. Sutton, “The UV-visible spectroscopy of laser produced aluminium plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4771–4780 (1987).
[Crossref]

C. Colon, G. Hatem, E. Verdugo, P. Ruiz, J. Campos, “Measurement of the Stark broadening and shift parameters for several ultraviolet lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4752–4758 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

N. Konjeviv, W. Wiese, “Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 1307–1385 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Propul. Power (1)

D. C. Mueller, S. R. Turns, “A theoretical evaluation of secondary atomization effects on engine performance for aluminum gel propellants,” J. Propul. Power 12, 591–597 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (2)

E. V. Saramdaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly-ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. V. Sarandaev, M. K. H. Salakhov, “Regularities in the Stark widths and shifts of spectral lines of singly ionized aluminum,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 56, 399–407 (1996).
[Crossref]

Spectrochem. Acta Part B (1)

R. T. Wainner, R. S. Harmon, A. W. Miziolek, K. L. McNesby, P. D. French, “Analysis of environmental lead contamination: comparison of LIBS field and laboratory instruments,” Spectrochem. Acta Part B 56, 777–793 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (6)

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Coloa, V. Lazic, F. Fantoni, S. Pershin, “A comparison of single and double pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of aluminum samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1167–1179 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. C. Liu, X. L. Mao, J. H. Yoo, R. E. Russo, “Early phase laser induced plasma diagnostic and mass removal during single pulse laser ablation of silicon,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 54, 1607–1624 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Abdellatif, H. Imam, “A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1155–1165 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Aragon, J. Bengoechea, J. A. Aguilera, “Influence of the optical depth on spectral line emission from laser-induced plasmas,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 619–628 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964), pp. 267–313.

P. Brousseau, H. Dorsett, M. Cliff, “Detonation properties of explosives containing nanometric aluminum powder,” presented at the Twelfth International Detonation Symposium, DOE and DoD laboratories, San Diego, Calif, 11–16 August 2002.

A. Dokhan, E. W. Price, J. M. Seitzman, R. K. Sigman, “Combustion mechanisms of bimodal and ultra fine aluminum in ammonium perchlorate solid propellant,” (AIAA, Reston, Va., 2002).

http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/AtData/lines_form .

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup used to measure LIBS spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Portion of the LIBS spectrum of an aluminum rod in air with a 20–µs gate delay and a 2–µs gate, in the 300 to 420 nm region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Portion of the LIBS spectrum of an aluminum rod in air with a 20–µs gate delay and a 2–µs gate, in the 450 to 550 nm region.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Portion of the LIBS spectrum of an aluminum rod in air with a 20–µs gate delay and a 2–µs gate, in the 740 to 760 nm region.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

LIBS spectrum of an aluminum rod in air, at various gate delays. The gate pulse width is 2 µs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temporal emission evolution of Al LIBS in oxygen. The gate pulse width is 2 µs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temporal emission evolution of Al LIBS in helium. The gate pulse width is 2 µs.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Temporal emission evolution of Al LIBS in nitrogen. The gate pulse width is 2 µs.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Plot of logarithm of intensity at 396 nm versus time for the different bath gases used in these experiments.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Maximum emission intensity of the aluminum oxide band near 484 nm as a function of time for the bath gases air and O2.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Maximum emission intensity of the aluminum oxide band near 484 nm as a function of time for the bath gases He and N2.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Boltzman plot for 308.34, 309.44, 394.56, and 396.26 nm Al I lines in oxygen. The gate pulse width is 2 µs. The gate pulse delay is 15 µs.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Excitation temperature versus gate pulse delay with a 2–µs gate width.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Electron density of Al versus gate pulse delay with a 2–µs gate width.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Excitation temperature versus electron-density profile in different atmospheres.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectroscopic Parameters for Al I and Al II Investigated Lines

Equations (11)

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Al ( l ) Al ( g ) Δ H = 317.7 kJ ,
AlO + Al ( l ) Al 2 O Δ H = 224.0 kJ ,
Al ( g ) + O 2 AlO + O Δ H = 6.53 kJ ,
Al ( g ) + O + M AlO + M Δ H = 492.1 kJ ,
AlO + O 2 AlO 2 + O Δ H = 78.6 kJ ,
AlO + AlO 2 Al 2 O 3 ( l ) Δ H = 1557.2 kJ ,
Al 2 O + O 2 Al 2 O 3 ( l ) Δ H = 1562 kJ .
Ln ( I α k i / ( g k A k i ) ) = ( E k / k T ) + Ln ( C α F / U α ( T ) )
Δ λ 1 / 2 = 2 ω ( N e / 10 16 ) + 3 . 5 A ( N e / 10 16 ) 1 / 4 × ( 1 B N D 1 / 3 ) ω ( N e / 10 16 ) ,
Δ λ 1 / 2 = 2 ω ( N e / 10 16 ) .
N e 1 . 6 × 10 12 T 1 / 2 ( E k E i ) 3 .

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