Abstract

A beam-shaping technique is presented for asymmetrical laser beams with different beam waists and divergences in both vertical and horizontal directions. We utilize a pair of two-dimensional micrograting arrays to equalize the beam parameter products of an asymmetrical beam in orthogonal directions by deflecting the appointed parts of the beam on the longer side of the beam and by recombining the parts on the shorter side. When combined with divergent transformation by means of collimating optical components, the beam-shaping system can produce a symmetrical beam in orthogonal directions with optimized beam waists and divergences. A beam-equalization system is designed and demonstrated for a typical asymmetrical beam of a laser diode bar. In the experiment an emission beam with dimensions of 1 µm × 10 mm and half-divergences of 148 mrad × 576 mrad in the far field is transformed into an almost-square distribution with dimensions of ∼12 mm × 12 mm and half-divergences of ∼2 mrad × 2 mrad, which confirm the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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