Abstract

The measurement sensitivity of interferometric fiber sensors can be limited by the laser phase noise. We investigate the phase noise characteristics of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser in an unbalanced fiber-optic interferometer. Measurements were made of the phase-induced intensity noise of an interferometer with varying optical path differences. The experimental results of the relation between the noise and the optical path difference are given, and the application of the results in the design of a fiber-optic accelerometer is discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).
  2. F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Kane, A. C. Nilsson, R. L. Byer, “Frequency stability and offset locking of a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YAG monolithic nonplanar ring oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 12, 175–177 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. C. Chen, M. Z. Win, “Frequency noise measurement of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 772–774 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Marshall, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, “Laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by lowest-order group-velocity dispersion in optical fiber: exact theory,” Opt. Lett. 25, 165–167 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Shield, L. Maleki, “Phase noise of optical interference in photonic RF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1617–1619 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, “Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530–532 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

2004 (1)

M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

2001 (1)

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

W. Shield, L. Maleki, “Phase noise of optical interference in photonic RF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1617–1619 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. C. Chen, M. Z. Win, “Frequency noise measurement of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 772–774 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, “Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530–532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bautista, A.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Bucholtz, F.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bush, S. P.

S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cabon, B.

M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. C.

C. C. Chen, M. Z. Win, “Frequency noise measurement of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 772–774 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cranch, G. A.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Crickmore, R. I.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Crosignani, B.

Dagenais, D. M.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Daley, K.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Dandridge, A.

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, “Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530–532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danver, B.

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Davis, A. R.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Guennec, Y. L.

M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gungor, A.

S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. M.

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

Jackson, D. A.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

Kersey, A. D.

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kirkendall, C. K.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

W. Shield, L. Maleki, “Phase noise of optical interference in photonic RF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1617–1619 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, W.

Mcvicker, J. A.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

Miles, R. O.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Motley, S.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Nash, P.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Ni, M.

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

Nilsson, A. C.

Patrick, S. P.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Salehi, M. R.

M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salzano, J.

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

Shield, W.

W. Shield, L. Maleki, “Phase noise of optical interference in photonic RF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1617–1619 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tveten, A.

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tveten, A. B.

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, “Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530–532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C. A.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vohra, S. T.

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. J.

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Win, M. Z.

C. C. Chen, M. Z. Win, “Frequency noise measurement of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 772–774 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yurek, A. M.

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. R.

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

Appl. Acoust. (1)

M. Ni, H. R. Zhang, Y. M. Hu, Z. Meng, “Implement of controlling the working point of an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone by closed loop and pick-up of the signal,” Appl. Acoust. 20, 13–18 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, R. O. Miles, D. A. Jackson, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Single-mode diode laser phase noise,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 77–78 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, “Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530–532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Bush, A. Gungor, C. C. Davis, “Studies of the coherence properties of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 646–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. J. Williams, A. Dandridge, A. D. Kersey, J. F. Weller, A. M. Yurek, A. B. Tveten, “Interferometric measurement of low-frequency phase noise characteristics of diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 25, 774–776 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Vohra, B. Danver, A. Tveten, A. Dandridge, “High performance fiber optic accelerometers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 155–157 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647–1653 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. C. Chen, M. Z. Win, “Frequency noise measurement of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 772–774 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Crickmore, G. A. Cranch, C. K. Kirkendall, K. Daley, S. Motley, A. Bautista, J. Salzano, P. Nash, “Remotely pumped and interrogated 96 channel fibre-optic hydrophone array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1579–1581 (2003).

W. Shield, L. Maleki, “Phase noise of optical interference in photonic RF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1617–1619 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. R. Salehi, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, “Signal and noise conversions in RF-modulated optical links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, 1302–1308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. Mcvicker, K. P. Koo, C. K. Kirkendall, A. R. Davis, S. P. Patrick, A. Dandridge, “Fiber optic magnetic sensor technology for undersea applications,” in Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors XII, R. P. DePaula, ed., Proc. SPIE2292, 2–13 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-polarization-maintaining fiber experimental system used to measure the laser phase noise of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser in an unbalanced interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser relative intensity noise (RIN) from 10 Hz to 100 kHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output relative intensity noise (RIN) of the interferometer with 0-m OPD from 10 Hz to 100 kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser phase noise and corresponding laser frequency jitter over frequency range 10 Hz to 100 kHz when the OPD is 58 m.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser phase noise with various OPDs of the interferometer from 100 Hz to 1.5 kHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Relation between OPD and laser phase noise at 500 Hz and 1 kHz.

Equations (2)

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ϕ n = 2 π Δ L c ν n ,
Δ ϕ = 2 π Δ L Δ ν c ,

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