Abstract

Second-generation interferometric gravitational-wave detectors will use a technique called resonant sideband extraction (RSE) to improve the sensitivity in a narrow, tunable, frequency band. We present a configuration in which we use polarization detection to allow a continuously tunable power-recycled RSE interferometer for a control scheme similar to those of the first-generation detectors. A mathematical model describing this configuration and the results from a tabletop prototype are presented that demonstrate this configuration.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Fritschel, “The second generation LIGO interferometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 575, 15–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Abramovici, A.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirregabiria, J. M.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Althouse, W.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ando, M.

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Araya, A.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aufmuth, P.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Barone, F.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bel, H.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, J. R. J.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Bonazzola, S.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bradaschia, C.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Campbell, A. M.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Capozzi, M.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. M.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cregut, O.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Damour, T.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Delker, T.

Denmat, G. L.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Duruisseau, J. P.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fabbro, R. D.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fiore, L. D.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
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Fritschel, P.

P. Fritschel, “The second generation LIGO interferometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 575, 15–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fritschel, “DC readout for Advanced LIGO,” presented at the LIGO Science Collaboration meeting, Hannover, Germany, 18–21 August 2003, http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/G/G030460-00/ .

Fujimoto, M.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, M.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fuligni, F.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Giazotto, A.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gourghoulon, Y.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gray, M. B.

Gursel, Y.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Haruyama, T.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
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Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1998), pp. 321–326.

Heinzel, G.

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hello, P.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, L. E.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Iafolla, V.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuka, H.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanda, N.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kautzky, H.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kawabe, K.

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, S.

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kose, V.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kühne, M.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Kuroda, K.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Logan, J. E.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Longo, M.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lops, M.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lück, H.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Man, C. N.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Manh, P. T.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marck, J. A.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marraud, A.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
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Mason, J. E.

McClelland, D. E.

Milano, L.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
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Mio, N.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miyakawa, O.

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miyoki, S.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, J.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Mizuno, “Comparison of optical configurations for laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Ph.D. dissertation (Max-Plank-Institut für Quantumoptik, Garching, Bundersrepublik, Deutschland, 1995).

Montelatici, V.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, S.

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
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K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
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Mow-Lowry, C.

Müller, G.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
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Musha, M.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Natale, G.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, P. G.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Newton, G. P.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Nicholson, D.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Ohashi, M.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Passuello, D.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, I.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Raab, F.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, F. J.

Regehr, M. W.

Reitze, D.

Rinkleff, R.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Robertson, D. I.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Robertson, N. A.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Rotoli, G.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rüdiger, A.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Russo, G.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sato, N.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, R.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Schrempel, M.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Schutz, B. F.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Shaddock, D. A.

Shintomi, T.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shoemaker, D.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shuttleworth, J.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Sievers, L.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Somiya, K.

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Somiya, “Investigation of radiation pressure effect in a frequency-detuned interferometer and development of the readout scheme for a gravitational-wave detector,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Tokyo, Japan, 2004).

Spero, R.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strain, K. A.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Sun, K.-X.

Suzuki, T.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, D. B.

Tatsumi, D.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Telada, S.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thorne, K.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tobar, M. E.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tourrenc, P.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsubono, K.

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubono, “300-m laser interferometer gravitational wave detector TAMA 300 in Japan,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 112–114.

Tünnermann, A.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Ueda, A.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vinet, J. Y.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Virgilio, A. D.

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, R.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Waseda, K.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welling, H.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Whitcomb, S.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whitcomb, S. E.

Willems, P. A.

Willke, B.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Winkler, W.

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

Yamamoto, A.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoneda, H.

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zucker, M.

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

AIP Conf. Proc. (1)

P. Fritschel, “The second generation LIGO interferometers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 575, 15–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

O. Miyakawa, K. Somiya, G. Heinzel, S. Kawamura, “Development of a suspended-mass RSE interferometer using third harmonic demodulation,” Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1555–1560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Mod. Phys. D (1)

K. Kuroda, M. Ohashi, S. Miyoki, D. Tatsumi, S. Sato, H. Ishizuka, M. Fujimoto, S. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Yamazaki, K. Arai, M. Fukushima, K. Waseda, S. Telada, A. Ueda, T. Shintomi, A. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki, Y. Saito, T. Haruyama, N. Sato, K. Tsubono, K. Kawabe, M. Ando, K. Ueda, H. Yoneda, M. Musha, N. Mio, S. Moriwaki, A. Araya, N. Kanda, M. E. Tobar, “Large-scale Cryogenic Gravitational Wave Telescope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 8, 557–579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

C. Bradaschia, R. D. Fabbro, A. D. Virgilio, A. Giazotto, H. Kautzky, V. Montelatici, D. Passuello, A. Brillet, O. Cregut, P. Hello, C. N. Man, P. T. Manh, A. Marraud, D. Shoemaker, J. Y. Vinet, F. Barone, L. D. Fiore, L. Milano, G. Russo, J. M. Aguirregabiria, H. Bel, J. P. Duruisseau, G. L. Denmat, P. Tourrenc, M. Capozzi, M. Longo, M. Lops, I. Pinto, G. Rotoli, T. Damour, S. Bonazzola, J. A. Marck, Y. Gourghoulon, L. E. Holloway, F. Fuligni, V. Iafolla, G. Natale, “The Virgo project: a wide band antenna for gravitational wave detection,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 289, 518–525 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (2)

K. Arai, M. Ando, S. Moriwaki, K. Kawabe, K. Tsubono, “New signal extraction scheme with harmonic demodulation for power-recycled Fabry-Perot-Michelson interferometers,” Phys. Lett. A 273, 15–24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, W. Winkler, K. Danzmann, “Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Phys. Lett. A 175, 273–276 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Abramovici, W. Althouse, R. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. Spero, K. Thorne, R. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, M. Zucker, “LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory,” Science 256, 325–333 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

K. Somiya, “Investigation of radiation pressure effect in a frequency-detuned interferometer and development of the readout scheme for a gravitational-wave detector,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Tokyo, Japan, 2004).

P. Fritschel, “DC readout for Advanced LIGO,” presented at the LIGO Science Collaboration meeting, Hannover, Germany, 18–21 August 2003, http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/G/G030460-00/ .

J. Mizuno, “Comparison of optical configurations for laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors,” Ph.D. dissertation (Max-Plank-Institut für Quantumoptik, Garching, Bundersrepublik, Deutschland, 1995).

E. Hecht, Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1998), pp. 321–326.

K. Danzmann, H. Lück, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, M. Schrempel, W. Winkler, J. Hough, G. P. Newton, N. A. Robertson, H. Ward, A. M. Campbell, J. E. Logan, D. I. Robertson, K. A. Strain, J. R. J. Bennett, V. Kose, M. Kühne, B. F. Schutz, D. Nicholson, J. Shuttleworth, H. Welling, P. Aufmuth, R. Rinkleff, A. Tünnermann, B. Willke, “GEO 600: a 600-m laser interferometric gravitational wave antenna,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 100–111.

K. Tsubono, “300-m laser interferometer gravitational wave detector TAMA 300 in Japan,” in First Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Wave Experiments, E. Coccia, G. Pizella, F. Ronga, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1995), pp. 112–114.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conventional power-recycled RSE interferometer configuration with a 50–50 beam splitter (BS) forming a Michelson interferometer with high-finesse Fabry–Perot cavities in the arms. The mirror positions are set such that the interference condition at the beam splitter causes the carrier power to return toward the power-recycling mirror (PRM) while the gravitational-wave signal sideband goes toward the signal extraction mirror (SEM).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization RSE interferometer configuration showing the polarization state of light at four locations in the interferometer. The interferometer contains several polarization-sensitive optics: a polarizing beam splitter (PBS), a variable wave plate (V), a half-wave plate (H), and an input–output coupler (IOC). Lx and Ly are the lengths between the near mirror (N) and the far mirror (F) in the x- and y-arm cavities, respectively. lx and ly are the distances from the near mirrors to the polarizing beam splitter in the x and y arms, respectively, and lp is the length from the polarizing beam splitter to the recycling mirror (RM).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Control scheme for the polarization RSE interferometer by use of frontal modulation with a single rf modulation frequency driving the electro-optic modulator (EOM). Demodulation occurs at the three output ports shown in the dashed boxes labeled ports 1, 2, and 3. A Faraday isolator (FI) is used to separate the reflected signals.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fields in the polarization RSE interferometer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Response of a polarization RSE interferometer. The amplitude is referenced to the dc response of the broadband configuration. The interferometer parameters are l+ = 5 m, L+ = 300 m, rn = 0.9994, tioc,p = 0.95, and tioc,s = 0.74. Curves for several detunings are shown.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of the tabletop polarization RSE interferometer. The dashed line is the secondary beam used for lock acquisition. PZT, piezoelectric transducer; EOM, electro-optic modulator; mon PD, monitored photodiode.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Total intracavity power in the recycling cavity (top traces), the intracavity power in the dark polarization (second traces), and the power transmitted through the x- and y-arm cavities (third and fourth traces, respectively) as the interferometer is brought to the operating point during typical lock acquisitions. In (a) the arm cavities are locked after the recycling cavity and the Michelson. In (b) the arm cavities are locked first. The apparent difference of the noise level between the two plots is due only to the traces being recorded at different times when the alignment of the photodiodes used to monitor the signals had changed.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Offset phase locking of the auxiliary laser used to simulate a gravitational-wave-induced sideband. When phase locked, the frequency of the auxiliary laser differs from the main laser by ωs. LPF, low-pass filter.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

RSE tuning curves for the polarization RSE prototype interferometer showing both measured (solid curves) and calculated (dotted curves) values for several different detunings.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Optical spectrum of the light resonating in the recycling cavity for various values of detuning.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Five Relevant Length Degrees of Freedom of a Power-Recycled RSE Interferometera

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Table 2 Jones Matrices Necessary to Model the Polarization RSE Interferometer

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Table 3 Components of the Output Light Used as the Signal and Local Oscillator to Measure Each Degree of Freedom in the Polarization RSE Configuration

Equations (63)

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E = [ E p E s ] ,
E a = ( R rm ) 1 / 2 E a ,
E c = ioc E a + T ioc E b ,
E d = T ioc E a + ioc E b ,
E e = exp ( i k l p ) V E d ,
E f = pbs E e ,
E g = exp ( i k l y ) E f ,
E h = i ( T n , y ) 1 / 2 E g + ( n , y ) 1 / 2 E h ,
E i = exp ( i k L y ) E h ,
E k = T pbs E e ,
E 1 = exp ( i k l x ) E k ,
E m = i ( T n , x ) 1 / 2 E 1 + ( n , x ) 1 / 2 E m ,
E n = exp ( i k L x ) E m ,
E a = T ioc E d + ioc E c ,
E b = ioc E d + T ioc E c ,
E d = exp ( i k l p ) V E e ,
E e = T pbs E k + pbs E f ,
E f = exp ( i k l y ) E g ,
E g = i ( T n , y ) 1 / 2 E h + ( R n , y ) 1 / 2 E g ,
E h = exp ( i k L y ) E i ,
E i = i ( T f , y ) 1 / 2 E j + ( f , y ) 1 / 2 E i ,
E k = exp ( i k l x ) E 1 ,
E 1 = i ( T n , x ) 1 / 2 E m + ( R n , x ) 1 / 2 E 1 ,
E m = exp ( i k L x ) E n ,
E n = i ( T f , x ) 1 / 2 E q + ( R f , x ) 1 / 2 E n ,
E r = ioc E rc ,
E t = ( R rm ) 1 / 2 ioc T ioc E rc + T ioc E in .
Φ + = 2 ( L x + L y ) ω / c + δ Φ + mod 2 π ,
Φ = 2 ( L x L y ) ω / c + δ Φ mod 2 π ,
ϕ + = ( 2 l p + l x + l y ) ω / c + π / 2 + δ ϕ + mod 2 π ,
ϕ = ( l x l y ) ω / c + π / 2 + δ ϕ mod π ,
E in = [ 0 1 ] E in ;
R f , x = R f , y = 1 ,
T f , x = T f , y = 0 ;
R n , x = R n , y = R n ,
T n , x = T n , y = T n ;
C p = C s = 0 ,
E rc , p = i 2 exp ( i β ) ( R ioc , s ) 1 / 2 { T n δ Φ + 2 [ 1 + ( R n ) 1 / 2 ] [ R n + T n ( R n ) 1 / 2 ] δ ϕ } E in × { 1 + exp ( 2 i β ) R n ( R rm ) 1 / 2 × T ioc , p + ( R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 exp ( 2 i β ) ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , p ] + exp ( 2 i β ) ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , p T n } 1 / 2 × { 1 + R n ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s + ( R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] + ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s T n } 1 ,
E rc , s = [ ( R n ) 1 / 2 + R n + T n ] ( R ioc , s ) 1 / 2 E in 1 + R n ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s + ( R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] + ( r rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s T n + { i T n δ Φ + + 2 i δ ϕ + [ 1 + ( R n ) 1 / 2 ] [ ( R n ) 1 / 2 + R n + T n ] } ( R ioc , s ) 1 / 2 E in 2 { 1 + R n ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s + ( R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] + ( R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s T n } 2
E rc , p ( ± ω rf ) = i exp ( i β ) ( R ioc , s R n ) 1 / 2 E in δ ϕ [ 1 exp ( 2 i β ) ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , p ] [ 1 ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] ,
E rc , s ( ± ω rf ) = E in ( R ioc , s R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 i δ ϕ + + ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] [ 1 ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] 2 ,
E rc , p ( ± 2 ω rf ) = i exp ( i β ) ( R ioc , s R n ) 1 / 2 E in δ ϕ [ 1 + exp ( 2 i β ) ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , p ] [ 1 + ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] ,
E rc , s ( ± 2 ω rf ) = E in ( R ioc , s R n ) 1 / 2 [ 1 + i δ ϕ + + ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] [ 1 + ( R n R rm ) 1 / 2 T ioc , s ] 2 ,
E rc = exp ( i Ψ ) [ a cos ( Θ ) b sin ( Θ ) c sin ( Θ ) d cos ( Θ ) ] E in ,
E q ( ω ) = i ( T f , x ) 1 / 2 ω 0 ω sin ( ω L x / c ) h ( ω ) E n ( 0 ) ,
E j ( ω ) = i ( T f , y ) 1 / 2 ω 0 ω sin ( ω L y / c ) h ( ω ) E i ( 0 ) ,
c ( ω ) + b ( ω ) = X ( ω ) h ( ω ) E in ( 0 ) .
x 12 ( ω ) = G car G sig ω 0 ω sin ( ω L / c ) h ,
G car ( R ioc , s T n ) 1 / 2 2 [ ( 1 ( R n ) 1 / 2 ] [ 1 T ioc , s ( R rm ) 1 / 2 ] + A n T ioc , s ( R rm ) 1 / 2 ,
G sig i 2 ( R ioc , p T n ) 1 / 2 [ i ( R rm R ioc , p ) 1 / 2 ] exp i { [ β + ω ( L + l ) / c ] } 1 ( R n ) 1 / 2 exp ( 2 i ω L / c ) [ 1 ( R n ) 1 / 2 exp ( 2 i ω L / c ) A n ] T ioc , p ( R rm ) 1 / 2 exp { 2 i [ β + ω ( L + l ) / c ] } ,
L x = 17.5 cm ,
L y = 17.5 cm ,
l x = l y = 30 cm .
l p + l x + l y 2 = c 2 f ( 1 + Δ ϕ π ) = 4.08 m .
T ioc
i [ ( T ioc , p ) 1 / 2 0 0 ( T ioc , s ) 1 / 2 ]
[ ( R ioc , p ) 1 / 2 0 0 ( R ioc , s ) 1 / 2 ]
1 2 [ 1 1 1 1 ]
V
[ exp ( i β ) 0 0 1 ]
T pbs
i [ ( C p ) 1 / 2 0 0 ( 1 C s ) 1 / 2 ]
[ ( 1 C p ) 1 / 2 0 0 ( C s ) 1 / 2 ]

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