Abstract

Within the framework of the laser integration line (LIL) and the laser megajoule, we describe the design, optical characterization, mounting, alignment, and operation on the LIL of large 420 mm × 470 mm transmission gratings. Two types of grating were manufactured. The first, operating at a wavelength of 1.053 µm, was used for deviation purposes. The second, operating at a wavelength of 0.351 µm, was used for both deviation and focusing purposes. We demonstrate that these large transmission gratings are suitable for nanosecond-regime operation on high-power laser facilities.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. L. André, “Status of the LMJ project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 38–42 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. H. Lowdermilk, “Status of the National Ignition Facility project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 16–37 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).
  4. R. L. Bieri, M. W. Guinan, “Grazing incidence metal mirrors as the final elements in a laser driver for inertial confinement fusion,” Fusion Technol. 19, 673–678 (1991).
  5. J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).
  6. J. Néauport, X. Ribeyre, J. Daurios, D. Valla, M. Lavergne, V. Beau, L. Videau, “Design and optical characterization of a large continuous phase plate for Laser Integration Line and laser Megajoule facilities,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2377–2382 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick holographic gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” in Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Grating Solver Development Company, P.O. Box 353, Allen, Texas, 75013.
  11. Flow Interferogram Processing, software developed by SAGEM St Pierre du Perray, Avenue de la Tour Maury, 91280 St Pierre du Perray, France.
  12. D. Malacara, M. Servin, Z. Malacara, Interfergram Analysis for Optical Testing (Marcel Dekker, New York), pp. 285–335.
  13. A. Liard, M. Bray, G. Chabassier, “Laser megajoule optics: II. Wavefront analysis in the testing of large components,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 461–473 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Société Européenne des Systèmes Optiques, Pôle d’activité d’Aix les Milles, 305 rue L. Armand, BP55000, 13792 Aix en Provence Cedex 3, France.
  15. J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).
  16. J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).
  17. H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).
  18. H. T. Nguyen, B. W. Shore, S. J. Bryan, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Perry, “High efficiency fused-silica transmission gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 142–144 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

J. Néauport, X. Ribeyre, J. Daurios, D. Valla, M. Lavergne, V. Beau, L. Videau, “Design and optical characterization of a large continuous phase plate for Laser Integration Line and laser Megajoule facilities,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2377–2382 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1991 (1)

R. L. Bieri, M. W. Guinan, “Grazing incidence metal mirrors as the final elements in a laser driver for inertial confinement fusion,” Fusion Technol. 19, 673–678 (1991).

1985 (1)

T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” in Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick holographic gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Adolf, A.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

André, M. L.

M. L. André, “Status of the LMJ project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 38–42 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beau, V.

Bercegol, H.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

Bieri, R. L.

R. L. Bieri, M. W. Guinan, “Grazing incidence metal mirrors as the final elements in a laser driver for inertial confinement fusion,” Fusion Technol. 19, 673–678 (1991).

Boscheron, A.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouchut, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

Boyd, R. D.

Bray, M.

A. Liard, M. Bray, G. Chabassier, “Laser megajoule optics: II. Wavefront analysis in the testing of large components,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 461–473 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Britten, J. A.

Bryan, S. J.

Campbell, J. H.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Caturla, M. J.

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Chabassier, G.

A. Liard, M. Bray, G. Chabassier, “Laser megajoule optics: II. Wavefront analysis in the testing of large components,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 461–473 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Daurios, J.

Dijon, J.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Dixit, S. N.

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Dulac, A.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Garrec, P.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Gaylord, T. K.

T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” in Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Guinan, M. W.

R. L. Bieri, M. W. Guinan, “Grazing incidence metal mirrors as the final elements in a laser driver for inertial confinement fusion,” Fusion Technol. 19, 673–678 (1991).

Hue, J.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Journot, E.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick holographic gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Kubota, Alison

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Lagrande, A.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Lamaignere, L.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

Lanternier, T.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Latkowski, J. F.

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Lavergne, M.

Le Garrec, B.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

Liard, A.

A. Liard, M. Bray, G. Chabassier, “Laser megajoule optics: II. Wavefront analysis in the testing of large components,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 461–473 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

W. H. Lowdermilk, “Status of the National Ignition Facility project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 16–37 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lyan, P.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Malacara, D.

D. Malacara, M. Servin, Z. Malacara, Interfergram Analysis for Optical Testing (Marcel Dekker, New York), pp. 285–335.

Malacara, Z.

D. Malacara, M. Servin, Z. Malacara, Interfergram Analysis for Optical Testing (Marcel Dekker, New York), pp. 285–335.

Milanovitch, F. P.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Moharam, M. G.

T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” in Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Néauport, J.

Nguyen, H. T.

Olivier, M.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Payne, S. A.

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Pelle, C.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

Perry, M. D.

Quesnel, E.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

Rainer, F.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Ravel, G.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

Raze, G.

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

Ribeyre, X.

Rolland, B.

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

Servin, M.

D. Malacara, M. Servin, Z. Malacara, Interfergram Analysis for Optical Testing (Marcel Dekker, New York), pp. 285–335.

Shore, B. W.

Speth, J. A.

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

Thomas, I. M.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Valla, D.

Videau, L.

Wolfe, C. R.

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick holographic gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Technol. (2)

J. F. Latkowski, Alison Kubota, M. J. Caturla, S. N. Dixit, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, “Fused silica final optics for inertial fusion energy: radiation studies and system-level analysis,” Fusion Technol. 43, 540–558 (2003).

R. L. Bieri, M. W. Guinan, “Grazing incidence metal mirrors as the final elements in a laser driver for inertial confinement fusion,” Fusion Technol. 19, 673–678 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” in Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

Grating Solver Development Company, P.O. Box 353, Allen, Texas, 75013.

Flow Interferogram Processing, software developed by SAGEM St Pierre du Perray, Avenue de la Tour Maury, 91280 St Pierre du Perray, France.

D. Malacara, M. Servin, Z. Malacara, Interfergram Analysis for Optical Testing (Marcel Dekker, New York), pp. 285–335.

A. Liard, M. Bray, G. Chabassier, “Laser megajoule optics: II. Wavefront analysis in the testing of large components,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 461–473 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Société Européenne des Systèmes Optiques, Pôle d’activité d’Aix les Milles, 305 rue L. Armand, BP55000, 13792 Aix en Provence Cedex 3, France.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, G. Ravel, P. Lyan, P. Garrec, T. Lanternier, M. Olivier, A. Lagrande, “Automatic YAG damage test benches: additional possibilities,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Huenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 290–301 (1998).

J. H. Campbell, F. Rainer, M. R. Kozlowski, C. R. Wolfe, I. M. Thomas, F. P. Milanovitch, “Damage resistant optics for a megajoule laser,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 1990, H. E. Bennett, L. L. Chase, A. H. Guenther, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE1441, 444–456 (1990).

H. Bercegol, P. Bouchut, L. Lamaignere, B. Le Garrec, G. Raze, “The impact of laser damage on the lifetime of optical components in fusion lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials: 2003, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE5273, 312–324 (2004).

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dijon, E. Quesnel, B. Rolland, P. Garrec, C. Pelle, J. Hue, “High-damage threshold fluoride UV mirrors made by ion-beam sputtering,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1997, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3244, 406–416 (1998).

M. L. André, “Status of the LMJ project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 38–42 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Lowdermilk, “Status of the National Ignition Facility project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 16–37 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Final optics assembly design of the LIL and LMJ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Operational configuration of the transmission grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency in the −1T order, 30° incidence, TM, and wavelength of 1.053 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Diffraction efficiency in the −1T order, 25° incidence, TM, and wavelength of 1.053 µm (b) 30° and 25° gratings diffraction efficiency −1T order TM for DC = 0.5.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Grating manufacturing process.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmitted wave front of a 1ω grating (00-0007) in nanometers, −1T order, 1.064-m wavelength, TM polarization. Power, 110 nm; p.v. without power, 410 nm; maximum slope, 9 µrad.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Efficiency of a 1ω grating (99-0135), −1T order, 1.053-m wavelength, and TM polarization. (b) Efficiency of a 3ω grating (CH03-03), −1T order, 0.351-m wavelength, and TM polarization.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Grating alignment principle.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Shots energy and chronology. LIL campaign (one beam line) from 2 June to 3 April. Energy at 1.053 and 0.351 µm for each shot.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 1 ω and 3 ω Gratings Specifications

Tables Icon

Table 2 Focal Spot Analysis of 3-ω Grating

Tables Icon

Table 3 Laser-Induced Damage Threshold of a 1-ω Grating Compared with the Threshold of a Polished Sample without Grating Engraveda

Tables Icon

Table 4 Laser-Induced Damage Threshold of a 3-ω Grating Compared with the Threshold of a Polished Sample without Grating Engraveda

Tables Icon

Table 5 Evolution of the Diffraction Efficiency of the 3-ω Grating before and after LIL Campaign on a Centered 300 × 280 mm2 portion of the Clear Aperturea

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin i 1 + sin i p = p λ / Λ
DC = ( Λ a ) / Λ .

Metrics