Abstract

We present a study in which we enhance the carrier-to-noise ratio of a superresolution near-field structure (super-RENS) disk to read below 100–nm marks by implementing a mask layer comprising a Au nanocluster-embedded dielectric film. Various Au nanocluster-embedded mask layers are fabricated by a radio-frequency cosputtering process, and the size and distribution of Au nanoclusters are controlled. To verify the enhancement of the various films for super-RENS disk applications, the sensitivity enhancement of plasmonic gas sensing is demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Tominaga, D. P. Tsai, eds., Optical Nanotechnologies: The Manipulation of Surface and Local Plasmons (Springer, Berlin, 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Peng, “Superresolution near-field readout in phase-change optical disk data storage,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3922–3931 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit,” Science 257, 189–195 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Spectrally coded optical data storage by metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 25, 563–565 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Liebermann, W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf. A 171, 115–130 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. W. Pohl, Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy (SNOM) (Academic, New York, 1991).
  13. A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Nie, S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1106 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. H. Ritchie, “Surface plasmons in solids,” Surf. Sci. 34, 1–19 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  16. V. M. Shalaev, A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optical phenomena on rough surfaces of metal thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13265–13288 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S.-J. Chen, F. C. Chien, G. Y. Lin, K. C. Lee, “Enhancement of the resolution of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by control of the size and distribution of nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1390–1392 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

C. Peng, “Superresolution near-field readout in phase-change optical disk data storage,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3922–3931 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Spectrally coded optical data storage by metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 25, 563–565 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Liebermann, W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf. A 171, 115–130 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optical phenomena on rough surfaces of metal thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13265–13288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Nie, S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit,” Science 257, 189–195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, “Surface plasmons in solids,” Surf. Sci. 34, 1–19 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Aigouy, L.

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Akermann, W.

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Atoda, N.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, R. C.

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Benkovic, S. J.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit,” Science 257, 189–195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boccara, A. C.

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Büchel, D.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. C.

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. R.

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-J.

Chien, F. C.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Emory, S. R.

S. Nie, S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, L. S.

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, H.

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, T.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grabhorn, H.

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gresillon, S.

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, L.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoen, S.

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keating, C. D.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kikukawa, T.

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

T. Liebermann, W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf. A 171, 115–130 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

Kumagai, M.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

Lee, K. C.

S.-J. Chen, F. C. Chien, G. Y. Lin, K. C. Lee, “Enhancement of the resolution of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by control of the size and distribution of nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1390–1392 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

Li, W.-H.

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liebermann, T.

T. Liebermann, W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf. A 171, 115–130 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G. Y.

Liu, Z.

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mamin, H. J.

B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Men, L.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mrozek, I.

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Musick, M. D.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, T.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Natan, M. J.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nicewarner, S. R.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nie, S.

S. Nie, S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nomura, A.

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oishi, K.

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Otto, A.

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ou, S. Y.

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

Pohl, D. W.

D. W. Pohl, Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy (SNOM) (Academic, New York, 1991).

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, “Surface plasmons in solids,” Surf. Sci. 34, 1–19 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Rivoa, J. C.

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rugar, D.

B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salinas, F. G.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

V. M. Shalaev, A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optical phenomena on rough surfaces of metal thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13265–13288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sato, A.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optical phenomena on rough surfaces of metal thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13265–13288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tachibana, A.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Terris, B. D.

B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tominaga, J.

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trautman, J. K.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit,” Science 257, 189–195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, S. D.

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, Y.

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda, “An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2078–2080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Colloids Surf. A (1)

T. Liebermann, W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf. A 171, 115–130 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

H. J. Mamin, B. D. Terris, L. S. Fan, S. Hoen, R. C. Barrett, D. Rugar, “High-density data storage using proximal probe techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 39, 681–700 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071–9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Mater. (1)

A. Otto, I. Mrozek, H. Grabhorn, W. Akermann, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 4, 1143–1212 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Tominaga, J. Kim, H. Fuji, D. Büchel, T. Kikukawa, L. Men, H. Fukuda, A. Sato, T. Nakano, A. Tachibana, Y. Yamakawa, M. Kumagai, T. Fukaya, N. Atoda, “Super-resolution near-field structure and signal enhancement by surface plasmons,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1831–1834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nomura, K. Oishi, T. Kikukawa, H. Fuji, J. Tominaga, “Super-resolution read-only memory disk with metal nanoparticles or small aperture,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1876–1879 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature (London) 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. C. Chen, S. D. Tsai, M. R. Chen, S. Y. Ou, W.-H. Li, K. C. Lee, “Effect of silver-nanoparticle aggregation on surface-enhanced Raman scattering from benzoic acid,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 4507–4518 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optical phenomena on rough surfaces of metal thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13265–13288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Gresillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoa, “Experimental observation of localized optical excitations in random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520–4523 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

S. Nie, S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit,” Science 257, 189–195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

R. H. Ritchie, “Surface plasmons in solids,” Surf. Sci. 34, 1–19 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327, 595–598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. W. Pohl, Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy (SNOM) (Academic, New York, 1991).

J. Tominaga, D. P. Tsai, eds., Optical Nanotechnologies: The Manipulation of Surface and Local Plasmons (Springer, Berlin, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TEM bright field images of Au:SiO2 films in which the particle sizes and volume fractions of the Au nanoparticles are estimated to be (a) 4.1 nm and 0.39, (b) 3.5 nm and 0.25, (c) 2.7 nm and <0.1, respectively. The corresponding applied powers are (a) Au(10 W):SiO2(200 W), (b) Au(10 W):SiO2(300 W), (c) Au(10 W):SiO2(400 W).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structure of a super-RENS disk with a nanoparticle-embedded mask layer (Au:SiO2) whose layer structure is PC (0.6 mm)/ZnS–SiO2(170 nm)/Au:SiO2(15 nm)/ZnS–SiO2 (40 nm)/GeSbTe(20 nm)/ZnS–SiO2(40 nm)/UV-curing resin and dummy PC(0.6 mm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relationship between CNR and mark length of a super-RENS disk. When the mark size is less than 125 nm, the CNR results of the three disks diverge noticeably. The results suggest that use of a Au(10–W):SiO2(200–W) composite layer in the super-RENS yields an improved CNR compared with the other two composite layers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Attenuated total reflection configuration consisting of four layers (including the present Au nanocluster-embedded dielectric film).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison between conventional Au thin film and novel nanoparticle-enhanced plasmonic sensors in detecting two different gases. Initially, 100% Ar gas is flowed into the airflow tunnel. After 6 min, a three-way valve is used to close the 100% Ar gas and to allow the 100% N2 gas to pass into the airflow tunnel. This operation is repeated cyclically. Solid curve, Au nanoparticle-enhanced plasmonic sensor; dashed curve, conventional SPR sensor.

Metrics