Abstract

The nonlinear absorption of nanocomposite layers based on ZnO implanted with Cu+ ions with an energy of 160 keV in implantation doses of 1016 and 1017 ions/cm2 was investigated. The values of the nonlinear absorption coefficient were measured by the Z-scan method at a wavelength of 532 nm by use of nanosecond and picosecond laser pulses. Possible optical applications of these materials are discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
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  23. H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. del Coso, J. Solis, “Relation between nonlinear refractive index and third-order susceptibilities of absorbing media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 640–644 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. H. Bube, Photoconductivity of Solids (Wiley, New York, 1960).
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  30. R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).
  33. D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  36. D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
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  37. T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of lambda/104 wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19, 317–319 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  39. D. K. Serkland, O. Kumer, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, “Amplitude squeezing by means of quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1497–1499 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  40. K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Generation of strongly squeezed continuous-wave light at 1064 nm,” Opt. Express 2, 59–64 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. R. A. Ganeev, T. Usmanov, “Investigation of negative feedback regimes for generation of compressed pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5111–5114 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  42. H. Cao, W. S. Warren, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, “Reduction of optical intensity noise by means of two-photon absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 560–563 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  43. G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  44. G. S. He, L. Yuan, N. Cheng, J. B. Bhawalkar, P. N. Prasad, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, B. A. Reinhardt, “Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079–1087 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (7)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, “Optical properties of metal nanoparticles synthesized in a polymer by ion implantation: a review,” Tech. Phys. 49, 143–153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. del Coso, J. Solis, “Relation between nonlinear refractive index and third-order susceptibilities of absorbing media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 640–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kono, S. K. Arora, N. Kishimoto, “Modification in optical properties of negative Cu ion implanted ZnO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 206, 291–294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, W. S. Warren, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, “Reduction of optical intensity noise by means of two-photon absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 560–563 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, P. Wilson, “Broadband optical limiting based on excited state absorption in Pt:ethynyl,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726–1732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, T. Usmanov, “Investigation of negative feedback regimes for generation of compressed pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5111–5114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ch. H. Kwak, Y. L. Lee, S. G. Kim, “Analysis of asymmetric Z-scan measurement for large optical nonlinearities in an amorphous As2S3 thin film,” J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B 16, 600–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Generation of strongly squeezed continuous-wave light at 1064 nm,” Opt. Express 2, 59–64 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (6)

D. K. Serkland, O. Kumer, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, “Amplitude squeezing by means of quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1497–1499 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, N. Cheng, J. B. Bhawalkar, P. N. Prasad, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, B. A. Reinhardt, “Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079–1087 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ehrlich, X. L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Rckel, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, “Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1843–1845 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

1995 (1)

G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (5)

D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of lambda/104 wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19, 317–319 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Afonso, C. N.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Arora, S. K.

K. Kono, S. K. Arora, N. Kishimoto, “Modification in optical properties of negative Cu ion implanted ZnO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 206, 291–294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ballesteros, J. M.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Battaglin, G.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Becker, K.

Bhawalkar, J. B.

Boatner, L. A.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brott, L. L.

Bube, R. H.

R. H. Bube, Photoconductivity of Solids (Wiley, New York, 1960).

Buchal, C.

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Budai, J. D.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calvelli, P.

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. J.

B. L. Justus, A. L. Huston, A. J. Campillo, “Broadband thermal optical limiter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483–1485 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Can, N.

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

Cattaruzza, E.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Chew, C. H.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chisholm, M. F.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
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Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

de Araujo, C. B.

D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Debrus, S.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

del Coso, R.

Dogariu, A.

Dorsinville, R.

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

Ehrlich, J. E.

Fang, H.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
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R. A. Ganeev, T. Usmanov, “Investigation of negative feedback regimes for generation of compressed pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5111–5114 (2000).
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R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gonella, F.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
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T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
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T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of lambda/104 wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19, 317–319 (1994).
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D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Witting, K. Becker, R. A. Zuhr, “Picosecond nonlinear optical response of a Cu:silica nanocluster composite,” Opt. Lett. 18, 373–375 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haglung, R. F.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, N. Cheng, J. B. Bhawalkar, P. N. Prasad, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, B. A. Reinhardt, “Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079–1087 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
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A. L. Stepanov, D. E. Hole, “Formation of metal nanoparticles in dielectrics by low energy ion implantation,” in Resent Research Development in Applied Physics, A. Pandalai, ed. (Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum, India, 2002), Vol. 5, pp. 1–26.

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Huang, H. H.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
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B. L. Justus, A. L. Huston, A. J. Campillo, “Broadband thermal optical limiter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483–1485 (1993).
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T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
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Inouye, H.

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
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Ji, W.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, M. P.

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Justus, B. L.

B. L. Justus, A. L. Huston, A. J. Campillo, “Broadband thermal optical limiter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483–1485 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kamalov, Sh. R.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawazoe, T.

T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kek, Y. M.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khaibullin, R. I.

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khim, Z. G.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. G.

Ch. H. Kwak, Y. L. Lee, S. G. Kim, “Analysis of asymmetric Z-scan measurement for large optical nonlinearities in an amorphous As2S3 thin film,” J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B 16, 600–604 (1999).
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Kishimoto, N.

K. Kono, S. K. Arora, N. Kishimoto, “Modification in optical properties of negative Cu ion implanted ZnO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 206, 291–294 (2003).
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Kodirov, M. K.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kono, K.

K. Kono, S. K. Arora, N. Kishimoto, “Modification in optical properties of negative Cu ion implanted ZnO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 206, 291–294 (2003).
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Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
[CrossRef]

Kumer, O.

Kwak, Ch. H.

Ch. H. Kwak, Y. L. Lee, S. G. Kim, “Analysis of asymmetric Z-scan measurement for large optical nonlinearities in an amorphous As2S3 thin film,” J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B 16, 600–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lafait, J.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

Lee, I.-Y. S.

Lee, J. S.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

Ch. H. Kwak, Y. L. Lee, S. G. Kim, “Analysis of asymmetric Z-scan measurement for large optical nonlinearities in an amorphous As2S3 thin film,” J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B 16, 600–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Magruder, R. H.

R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Witting, K. Becker, R. A. Zuhr, “Picosecond nonlinear optical response of a Cu:silica nanocluster composite,” Opt. Lett. 18, 373–375 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marder, S. R.

Masuda, H.

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mattei, G.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

May, M.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoldi, P.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McKay, T. J.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, P. Wilson, “Broadband optical limiting based on excited state absorption in Pt:ethynyl,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726–1732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, S. C.

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, S. R.

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mito, A.

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Murano, M.

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

Norton, D. P.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oh, P. S.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, T.

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Osborne, D. H.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Overberg, M. E.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. D.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pearton, S. J.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Perminov, S. V.

Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

Perry, J. W.

Petford-Long, A. K.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, D. V.

D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pinçon, N.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polloni, R.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, N. Cheng, J. B. Bhawalkar, P. N. Prasad, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, B. A. Reinhardt, “Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079–1087 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prot, D.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pruessner, K.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rawat, R. S.

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rckel, H.

Reinhardt, B. A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, N. Cheng, J. B. Bhawalkar, P. N. Prasad, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, B. A. Reinhardt, “Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079–1087 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sada, C.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Safonov, V. P.

Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Schneider, K.

Scremin, B. F.

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sella, C.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Serkland, D. K.

Serna, R.

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of lambda/104 wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19, 317–319 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimono, D.

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

Solis, J.

R. del Coso, J. Solis, “Relation between nonlinear refractive index and third-order susceptibilities of absorbing media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 640–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Staromlynska, J.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, P. Wilson, “Broadband optical limiting based on excited state absorption in Pt:ethynyl,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726–1732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, “Optical properties of metal nanoparticles synthesized in a polymer by ion implantation: a review,” Tech. Phys. 49, 143–153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, D. E. Hole, “Formation of metal nanoparticles in dielectrics by low energy ion implantation,” in Resent Research Development in Applied Physics, A. Pandalai, ed. (Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum, India, 2002), Vol. 5, pp. 1–26.

Takanezawa, S.

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tanahashi, I.

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

Tang, S.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S. H.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Torikai, T.

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

Ueda, M.

T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, T. Usmanov, “Investigation of negative feedback regimes for generation of compressed pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5111–5114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uysal, S.

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of lambda/104 wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19, 317–319 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Venturini, J.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, M.

U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

Wang, X.-H.

X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

Watari, T.

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

Wei, T.-H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, P.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, P. Wilson, “Broadband optical limiting based on excited state absorption in Pt:ethynyl,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726–1732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, R. G.

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wittig, J. E.

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Witting, J. E.

Wu, X. L.

Xia, T.

Xu, G. Q.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yan, F. Q.

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Witting, K. Becker, R. A. Zuhr, “Picosecond nonlinear optical response of a Cu:silica nanocluster composite,” Opt. Lett. 18, 373–375 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, L.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zuhr, R. A.

R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Witting, K. Becker, R. A. Zuhr, “Picosecond nonlinear optical response of a Cu:silica nanocluster composite,” Opt. Lett. 18, 373–375 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglund, F. Gonella, F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. M. Ballesteros, R. Serna, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, A. K. Petford-Long, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, “Pulsed laser deposition of Cu:Al2O3 nanocrystal thin films with high third-order optical susceptibility,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2445–2447 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Justus, A. L. Huston, A. J. Campillo, “Broadband thermal optical limiter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483–1485 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Norton, M. E. Overberg, S. J. Pearton, K. Pruessner, J. D. Budai, L. A. Boatner, M. F. Chisholm, J. S. Lee, Z. G. Khim, Y. D. Park, R. G. Wilson, “Ferromagnetism in cobalt-implanted ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5488–5490 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, “Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067–1069 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

G. Battaglin, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, “Structural and optical properties of Cu:silica nanocomposite films prepared by co-sputtering deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 52–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. (1)

Yu. E. Danilova, V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, V. P. Safonov, “Nonlinearity of refraction and absorption coefficients of metal fractal clusters in colloidal solutions,” Izv. Russ. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 60, 18–22 (1996).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pinçon, D. Prot, C. Sella, J. Venturini, “Z-scan determination of the third-order optical nonlinearity of gold:silica nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469–4475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, P. Wilson, “Broadband optical limiting based on excited state absorption in Pt:ethynyl,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726–1732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Process. Res. (1)

D. Shimono, S. Tanaka, T. Torikai, T. Watari, M. Murano, “Preparation of transparent and conductive ZnO films using a chemical solution deposition process,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 2, 184–188 (2001).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

R. H. Magruder, D. H. Osborne, R. A. Zuhr, “Non-linear optical properties of nanometer dimension Ag–Cu particles in silica formed by sequential ion implantation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 176, 299–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Non. Cryst. Solids B (1)

R. Polloni, B. F. Scremin, P. Calvelli, E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, G. Mattei, “Metal nanoparticles–silica composites: Z-scan determination of non-linear refractive index,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids B 322, 300–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B (1)

Ch. H. Kwak, Y. L. Lee, S. G. Kim, “Analysis of asymmetric Z-scan measurement for large optical nonlinearities in an amorphous As2S3 thin film,” J. Opt. A. Soc. Am. B 16, 600–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. B (1)

S. R. Mishra, R. S. Rawat, M. P. Joshi, S. C. Mehendale, “The role of nonlinear scattering in optical limiting of C60 solutions,” J. Phys. B 27, L157–L163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, Sh. R. Kamalov, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear susceptibilities, absorption coefficients and refractive indices of colloidal metals,” J. Phys. D 34, 1602–1611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

I. Tanahashi, H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, A. Mito, “Preparation and femtoseconds third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cu/SiO2 composite thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5079– 5082 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshino, S. Takanezawa, T. Ohmori, H. Masuda, “Preparation of ZnO/Au nanocomposite thin films by electrodeposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L1512–L1514 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, T. Usmanov, “Investigation of negative feedback regimes for generation of compressed pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5111–5114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

H. H. Huang, F. Q. Yan, Y. M. Kek, C. H. Chew, G. Q. Xu, W. Ji, P. S. Oh, S. H. Tang, “Synthesis, characterization, and nonlinear optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Langmuir 13, 172–175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods B (2)

K. Kono, S. K. Arora, N. Kishimoto, “Modification in optical properties of negative Cu ion implanted ZnO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 206, 291–294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, R. H. Magruder, J. E. Wittig, R. A. Zuhr, L. Yang, R. Dorsinville, R. R. Alfano, “Nonlinear optical properties of metal-quantum-dot composites synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 91, 493–504 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. K. Kodirov, T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 and C70 films and solutions,” Opt. Commun. 185, 473–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Kawazoe, H. Kawaguchi, J. Inoue, O. Haba, M. Ueda, “Measurement of nonlinear refractive index by time-resolved z-scan technique,” Opt. Commun. 160, 125–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (2)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of copper- and silver-doped silica glasses at λ = 1064 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 4, 935–944 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and reverse saturated absorption of Cu:SiO2 at λ = 532 nm,” Phys. Status Solidi B 241, R1–R4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tech. Phys. (1)

A. L. Stepanov, “Optical properties of metal nanoparticles synthesized in a polymer by ion implantation: a review,” Tech. Phys. 49, 143–153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. L. Stepanov, R. I. Khaibullin, N. Can, R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, C. Buchal, S. Uysal, “Application of ion implantation method for synthesis of copper nanoparticles in zinc oxide for creation of new nonlinear-optical materials,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 30, 8–16 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (2)

X.-H. Wang, J. Shi, S. Dai, Y. Yang, “A sol-gel method to prepare pure and gold colloid doped ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 429, 102–107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, R. F. Haglung, A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. H. Bube, Photoconductivity of Solids (Wiley, New York, 1960).

U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Stepanov, D. E. Hole, “Formation of metal nanoparticles in dielectrics by low energy ion implantation,” in Resent Research Development in Applied Physics, A. Pandalai, ed. (Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum, India, 2002), Vol. 5, pp. 1–26.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental optical density spectra of ZnO implanted with Cu ions at two doses (left-hand scale) and theoretical spectrum calculated from Mie theory for spherical Cu nanoparticles embedded in CnO (right-hand scale).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Z-scan profiles of the normalized transmittance measured for ZnO implanted with Cu ions with the following doses: sample 1, 1016 ions/cm2; sample 2, 1017 ions/cm2 in the field of picosecond pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Z-scan profiles of the normalized transmittance measured for ZnO implanted with Cu ions with doses of 1, 1016 ions/cm2 and 2, 1017 ions/cm2 in the field of nanosecond pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the nonlinear absorption coefficient value on laser intensity for Cu:ZnO (implantation dose, 1017 ions/cm2) for nanosecond pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated dependence of the normalized transmittance on laser radiation intensity (nanosecond pulses: 1, 1016 ions/cm2; 2, 1017 ions/cm2; picosecond pulses: 3, 1016 ions/cm2; 4, 1017 ions/cm2).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the fluctuation reduction factor on the value of the input intensity fluctuations: 1, 1016 ions/cm2; 2, 1017 ions/cm2.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients of Copper Nanoparticles in Different Matrices

Equations (3)

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d I / d z = α ( I ) I ,
α ( I ) = α 0 + β I ,
I out ( z , r , t ) = I 0 exp ( α L ) 1 + q ( z , r , t ) ,

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