Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a simple method for generating a multiwavelength Brillouin comb by utilizing a linear cavity of hybrid Brillouin–erbium fiber lasers (BEFLs). The optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength, power, and erbium gain played a significant role in determining the maximum number of Brillouin Stokes signals generated. Simultaneous and stable multiple-wavelength laser output of 22 lines with 10.88-GHz channel spacing has been obtained with good flatness. Various parameters such as 980-nm pump power, Brillouin pump wavelength, and Brillouin pump power that affect the performance of a multiwavelength BEFL system have been investigated. An analysis of the tuning range of the system is presented.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “30-channel 10-GHz comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 82.
  4. N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.
  6. S. Yamashita, G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abd-Rahman, M. K.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, M. K.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. I.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.-S.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “30-channel 10-GHz comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 82.

Jeon, M. Y.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. B.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. S.

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Lim, D. S.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-H.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Park, K.-D.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Park, N.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Stepanov, D. Y.

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “30-channel 10-GHz comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 82.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita, G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, M. Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Yamashita, G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Y. Stepanov, G. J. Cowle, “30-channel 10-GHz comb from a multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 82.

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for a multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser in a linear cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectra of the first and second Brillouin Stokes for a BP wavelength at 1558 nm. BP power was fixed at 2.3 mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Number of Stokes signals generated versus 980-nm pump power at 1558-nm BP wavelength for three BP powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Stokes signal peak powers versus 980-nm pump power at 1558-nm BP wavelength with 1.1-mW BP power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Number of Stokes signals versus BP power at 90-mW pump power and at a BP wavelength of 1558 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Free-running EDFL cavity modes together with Brillouin Stokes at a small injected BP power of 0.28 mW: PP, pump power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Tuning range (TR) of the linear cavity BEFL versus 980-nm pump power (PP) and BP power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Effect of BP wavelength on the generation of Brillouin Stokes at three 980-nm pump powers (PPs) with the BP power set at 1.1 mW.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output spectrum of the linear cavity BEFL with a BP power of 1.1 mW and a 980-nm pump power of 100 mW.

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