Abstract

We present a method for detecting and localizing a fluorescing tumor obscured underneath several millimeters of a multiply scattering, homogeneous medium from fluorescence measurements made above the surface. Using a statistical model of the measurement system, we develop approaches for detection by use of a binary hypothesis testing approach and localization by use of maximum-likelihood estimation. We also compute the probability of tumor detection and the Cramér–Rao lower bound for the localization estimate error, which are performance metrics that could potentially be optimized in an experimental design. We validate the methods in an experimental study involving an excised mouse tumor tagged with a new folate-indocyanine dye and obscured under a tissue-simulating lipid suspension.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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