Abstract

A high-resolution tunable-wavelength controller is achieved by use of an etalon for control of wavelength drift and a semiconductor optical diode (SOD) for channel recognition. The etalon provides a stable wavelength reference, and the SOD can detect mode-hopping and incomplete-tuning problems in tuning a laser. With the help of a Fabry-Perot etalon as a precise wavelength reference, the usual concern with the temperature stability of a SOD can be relaxed at least tenfold compared with wavelength control with a single SOD. We demonstrate the feasibility of monitoring tunable lasers by using a Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) or a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The induced voltage of the FPLD and that of the SOA are modeled with analytic expressions that can help to optimize the operation of a SOD sensor.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55-μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706–1716 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.
  4. D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.
  5. M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.
  6. C. M. Miller, J. W. Miller, “Wavelength-locked, two-stage fibre Fabry-Perot filter for dense wavelength division demultiplexing in erbium-doped fibre amplifier spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 28, 216–217 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.
  9. H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Densmore, P. E. Jessop, “A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653–1655 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 724–726.
  17. K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Sarlet, G. Morthier, R. Baets, “Control of widely tunable SSG-DBR lasers for dense wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1128–1138 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).
  22. G. E. Shtengel, D. A. Ackerman, “Internal optical loss measurements in 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Densmore, P. E. Jessop, “A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653–1655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55-μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706–1716 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. E. Shtengel, D. A. Ackerman, “Internal optical loss measurements in 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. M. Miller, J. W. Miller, “Wavelength-locked, two-stage fibre Fabry-Perot filter for dense wavelength division demultiplexing in erbium-doped fibre amplifier spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 28, 216–217 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).

Ackerman, D. A.

G. E. Shtengel, D. A. Ackerman, “Internal optical loss measurements in 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Adachi, A.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).

Anthon, D.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Arney, S. C.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Asous, W. A.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Baets, R.

Berger, J.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Broutin, S. L.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Burrus, C. A.

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Chou, H.-F.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Collins, J. V.

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).

Coroy, T.

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Delorme, F.

F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55-μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706–1716 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Densmore, A.

A. Densmore, P. E. Jessop, “A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653–1655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, K. F.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Erogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eshelman, M. A.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Fennema, A.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Goossen, K. W.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heimalaia, P.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).

Henry, C. H.

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, Y.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

Hrinya, S.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Hsu, Y.-Y.

S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Imaki, M.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

Inoue, Y.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Ishii, H.

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jessop, P. E.

A. Densmore, P. E. Jessop, “A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653–1655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. E.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kajava, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamath, K. K.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Kazarinov, R. F.

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ketelsen, L. J.-P.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Komukai, T.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Koren, U.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Lee, H.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Lee, S.-L.

S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mak, E. S.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Masuda, K.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Measures, R. M.

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, M. M.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Mikami, Y.

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

Milbrodt, M. A.

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. M.

C. M. Miller, J. W. Miller, “Wavelength-locked, two-stage fibre Fabry-Perot filter for dense wavelength division demultiplexing in erbium-doped fibre amplifier spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 28, 216–217 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J. W.

C. M. Miller, J. W. Miller, “Wavelength-locked, two-stage fibre Fabry-Perot filter for dense wavelength division demultiplexing in erbium-doped fibre amplifier spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 28, 216–217 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morthier, G.

Nakazawa, M.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Niemi, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, Y.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

O’Brien, S.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Pien, C.-T.

S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rangarajan, S.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 724–726.

Sarlet, G.

Sato, K.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Sato, M.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

Shakespeare, W. J.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Shtengel, G. E.

G. E. Shtengel, D. A. Ackerman, “Internal optical loss measurements in 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, D. A.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Stayt, J. W.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

Stone, D.

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Takagi, S.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tammela, S.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Tanobe, H.

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 724–726.

Tselikov, A.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

Uusimmaa, M.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J. A.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wood, T. H.

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yaffe, H. H.

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, J.

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yasaka, H.

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikuni, Y.

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, S.

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, D. Stone, “Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2149–2151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, Y. Hirano, “Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1035–1036 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Miller, J. W. Miller, “Wavelength-locked, two-stage fibre Fabry-Perot filter for dense wavelength division demultiplexing in erbium-doped fibre amplifier spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 28, 216–217 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, Y. Yoshikuni, “Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control,” Electron. Lett. 33, 494–496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Shtengel, D. A. Ackerman, “Internal optical loss measurements in 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. J. (1)

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132(1), 58–63 (1985).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, “Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 23–29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55-μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706–1716 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, S. C. Arney, “Silicon modulator based on mechanically-active anti-reflection layer with 1 Mbit/sec capability for fiber-in-the-loop applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1119–1121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Niemi, M. Uusimmaa, S. Tammela, P. Heimalaia, T. Kajava, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, “Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686–1688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Densmore, P. E. Jessop, “A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653–1655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, Y.-Y. Hsu, C.-T. Pien, “High-resolution wavelength monitoring using differential/ratio detection of junction voltage across a diode laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 872–874 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, M. A. Milbrodt, “Polarization-independent silica-on-silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 64–67 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erogan, J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S.-L. Lee, C.-T. Pien, Y.-Y. Hsu, “Operation principles of wavelength sensing using transparent properties of semiconductor optical diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 655–665 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Sarlet, G. Morthier, R. Baets, “Control of widely tunable SSG-DBR lasers for dense wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1128–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, A. Tselikov, “Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 74–75.

D. A. Ackerman, K. F. Dreyer, U. Koren, J. W. Stayt, S. L. Broutin, W. A. Asous, J. E. Johnson, L. J.-P. Ketelsen, K. K. Kamath, S. O’Brien, W. J. Shakespeare, M. A. Eshelman, M. M. Meyers, D. A. Snyder, E. S. Mak, “Wavelength, modal, and power stabilization of tunable electro-absorption modulated distributed Bragg reflector lasers,” presented at the International Semiconductor Laser Conference, Monterey, Calif., 26 Sept. 2000.

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, Y. Hirano, “Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 762–763.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 724–726.

K. R. Tamura, Y. Inoue, K. Sato, T. Komukai, A. Sugita, M. Nakazawa, “32 wavelength tunable mode-locked laser with 100-GHz channel spacing using an arrayed waveguide grating,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 7 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuJ5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed wavelength-control approach for a tunable laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characteristics of the FP etalon: (a) temperature variation of the locking point and (b) ratio of the transmitted signal to the reflected signal for eight ITU wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of the induced junction voltage for resonant and nonresonant SODs. The decision threshold Vth is also shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature variation of the induced junction voltage for a FPLD.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Curve fitting to match the measured data for (a) a FPLD and (b) a SOA.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Tunable monitoring of eight 100-GHz-spaced channels with a FPLD and a FP etalon. The light is modulated at 1 kHz.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output voltage of a SOA for 35 channels of 100-GHz spacing. The induced voltage was amplified by 2 × 105.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Induced FPLD Voltages for Eight Channels and Voltage Deviations for Wavelength or Temperature Drift

Tables Icon

Table 2 Induced SOA Voltages for Eight Channels and Voltage Deviations for Wavelength or Temperature Drift

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V=ηVI-ItrPinGs1+γ sin2πf-fr/νFSR+VASE,
ΔVηVPinGsI-ItrλΔλ,
ΔV0.6ηVPinGsI-ItrλΔλ.
Vλ=bηVI-ItrPinGsλ-bηVGsPinItrλ,
Itrλ=-EξkTItrλ,
Vλ=bηVGsPinλc1I-Itr+c2Itr,

Metrics