Abstract

A compact fiber laser is demonstrated with use of a Gires-Tournois compensator and a short length (2–4 cm-long) of highly doped ytterbium (Yb) fiber providing net anomalous group-velocity dispersion. With use of a novel semiconductor saturable absorber mirror based on GaInNAs structure, self-started 1.5-ps-pulse mode-locked operation was obtained at 1023 nm with a repetition rate of 95 MHz. A mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser was developed without the use of any dispersion compensation technique. Overall group-velocity dispersion was minimized by using a short length of highly doped Yb fiber in a compact amplifying loop cavity. Self-started mode-locked operation was obtained in 980–1030-nm wavelength range with a fundamental repetition rate of 140 MHz.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2-4I11/2 (1060-nm) and three-level 4F3/2-4I9/2 (900-nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. R. O Cochláin, R. J. Mears, G. Sherlock, “Low threshold tunable soliton source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 25–28 (1993).
  5. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Optimization of filtering in soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433–1435 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, “Generation of pulses shorter than 200 fs from a passively mode-locked Er fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 48–50 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, “Generation of 2-nJ pulses from a femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 660–662 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control,” Opt. Express10, 1497–1502 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
  10. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Cautaerts, D. J. Richardson, R. Paschotta, D. C. Hanna, “Stretched pulse Yb3+ silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 316–318 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, J. E. Townsend, “Active mode locking of a neodymium-doped fiber laser using intracavity pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1467–1469 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Lefort, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, A. R. Fry, J. Weston, “Practical low-noise stretched-pulse Yb3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 291–293 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.
  18. O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Jouhti, J. Konttinen, S. Karirinne, M. Pessa, “1.5-μm monolithic GaInNAs semiconductor saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 364–366 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. Korf, G. Zhang, R. Fluck, M. Moser, U. Keller, “All-in-one dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror for compact femtosecond laser sources,” Opt. Lett. 21, 486–488 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2003

2002

1999

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

V. Cautaerts, D. J. Richardson, R. Paschotta, D. C. Hanna, “Stretched pulse Yb3+ silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 316–318 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Optimization of filtering in soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433–1435 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2-4I11/2 (1060-nm) and three-level 4F3/2-4I9/2 (900-nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

1990

1986

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

Aus der Au, J.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cautaerts, V.

Cochláin, C. R. O

C. R. O Cochláin, R. J. Mears, G. Sherlock, “Low threshold tunable soliton source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 25–28 (1993).

Doerr, C. R.

Fermann, M. E.

Fluck, R.

Fry, A. R.

Gallmann, L.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haberl, F.

Hanna, D. C.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Optimization of filtering in soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433–1435 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, M.

Hotoleanu, M.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Optimization of filtering in soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433–1435 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Janka, K.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jouhti, T.

Karirinne, S.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

L. Lefort, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, A. R. Fry, J. Weston, “Practical low-noise stretched-pulse Yb3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 291–293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Korf, G. Zhang, R. Fluck, M. Moser, U. Keller, “All-in-one dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror for compact femtosecond laser sources,” Opt. Lett. 21, 486–488 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kiiveri, P.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Konttinen, J.

Korf, D.

Kurki, J.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Lefort, L.

Lim, H.

Matuschek, N.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mears, R. J.

C. R. O Cochláin, R. J. Mears, G. Sherlock, “Low threshold tunable soliton source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 25–28 (1993).

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Jouhti, J. Konttinen, S. Karirinne, M. Pessa, “1.5-μm monolithic GaInNAs semiconductor saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 364–366 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2-4I11/2 (1060-nm) and three-level 4F3/2-4I9/2 (900-nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, D. N.

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pessa, M.

Poole, S. B.

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

Rajala, M.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Reekie, L.

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Salcedo, J. R.

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2-4I11/2 (1060-nm) and three-level 4F3/2-4I9/2 (900-nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sarkilahti, S.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Sherlock, G.

C. R. O Cochláin, R. J. Mears, G. Sherlock, “Low threshold tunable soliton source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 25–28 (1993).

Silberberg, Y.

Spühler, G. J.

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tammela, S.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Tamura, K.

Townsend, J. E.

Valkonen, H.

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

Weiner, A. M.

Weston, J.

Wise, F. W.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500-fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2-4I11/2 (1060-nm) and three-level 4F3/2-4I9/2 (900-nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. R. O Cochláin, R. J. Mears, G. Sherlock, “Low threshold tunable soliton source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 25–28 (1993).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Optimization of filtering in soliton fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433–1435 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. Reekie, R. J. Mears, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Tunable single-mode fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 956–960 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, J. E. Townsend, “Active mode locking of a neodymium-doped fiber laser using intracavity pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1467–1469 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, “Generation of pulses shorter than 200 fs from a passively mode-locked Er fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 48–50 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–48 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Cautaerts, D. J. Richardson, R. Paschotta, D. C. Hanna, “Stretched pulse Yb3+ silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 316–318 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Korf, G. Zhang, R. Fluck, M. Moser, U. Keller, “All-in-one dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror for compact femtosecond laser sources,” Opt. Lett. 21, 486–488 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Lefort, J. H. V. Price, D. J. Richardson, G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, A. R. Fry, J. Weston, “Practical low-noise stretched-pulse Yb3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 291–293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Jouhti, J. Konttinen, S. Karirinne, M. Pessa, “1.5-μm monolithic GaInNAs semiconductor saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 364–366 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, “Generation of 2-nJ pulses from a femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 660–662 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286, 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. Tammela, P. Kiiveri, S. Sarkilahti, M. Hotoleanu, H. Valkonen, M. Rajala, J. Kurki, K. Janka, “Direct nanoparticle deposition process for manufacturing very short high gain Er-doped silica glass fibers,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication, P. Danielsen, ed. (European Conference on Optical Communication, Lyngby, Denmark, 2002), Vol. 4, paper 9.4.2.

H. Lim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control,” Opt. Express10, 1497–1502 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity configuration for a mode-locked Yb fiber laser with use of a GTI compensator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured reflectivity of the Gires-Tournois structure. A reflectivity dip at resonance is shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces for pulsed operation with and without GTI.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Upper graph, GTI reflectivity near the resonant wavelength with calculated group-velocity dispersion; lower graph, pulse spectra with and without dispersion compensation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Amplifying-loop cavity configuration for a short-length stretched-pulse Yb-fiber laser.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectra from the mode-locked laser in the 980–1030-nm wavelength range, obtained with Yb fiber with lengths ranging from 2.1 to 4.1 cm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Autocorrelation traces for stretched pulse operation with lengths of Yb fiber of 2.1 and 4.1 cm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Stable pulse train at the fundamental cavity frequency of 140 MHz.

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