A Jamin double-shearing interferometer with three changeable schemes is proposed for the measurement of diffraction-limited laser wave front. A concept of detectable wave-front height is thus defined, and on this basis the limits of detectable wave-front height from the suggested schemes of interferometer are analyzed. The design is detailed, the simulation for wave aberrations is given, and the experiment is demonstrated. One of the major features of this interferometer is that it is capable of visually testing a diffraction-limited wave front immediately by the fringes with the matched accuracy and minimum detectable wave-front height on the order of 0.1λ.
© 2004 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article