Abstract

SU5 is a high-resolution variable-polarization synchrotron radiation (SR) beam line with which linear and circular dichroism experiments are performed in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) range (5–40 eV), based on an electromagnetic crossed undulator called the Onduleur Plan/Helicoïdal du Lure à Induction Electromagnétique (OPHELIE). To get precise knowledge of the polarization state of the emitted SR and to take into account the polarization transformations induced by reflection on the various optics, we set up an in situ VUV polarimeter to provide a precise and complete polarization analysis of the SR at the sample location. The overall measured polarization performances were highly satisfactory, with measured linear polarization rates of more than 98% (83%) in the vertical (horizontal) linear polarization mode and an average 92.1% (95.2%) circular polarization rate for the right- (left)-handed circular polarization mode, which, to our knowledge, are the highest reported values in the VUV range. Despite some uneven photon energy efficiency, the OPHELIE crossed undulator behaves as expected in terms of polarization, permitting full control of the emitted polarization by manipulation of the vertical-to-horizontal magnetic field ratio (ρund) and the relative longitudinal phase (ϕund).

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).
  23. M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).
  26. C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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  31. L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  37. B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  38. K. J. Kim, “Characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” in Proceedings of the AIP Conference on the Physics of Particle Accelerators, AIP Conf. Proc. 184, 565–632 (1989).
  39. Alessandro Mirone, Optics Group, LURE, Orsay, France (personal communication, 1999).
  40. K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, R. P. Madden, “A method for measuring polarization in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Appl. Opt. 4, 1005–1010 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  41. C. Alcaraz, D. Nether, J.-L. Marlats, B. Pilette, L. Nahon, are preparing a paper to be called “Conception and performances of a very-accurate reflection polarimeter optimized for the VUV range.”
  42. T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  43. K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  44. See, for instance, P. Elleaume, J. Chavanne, “A new powerful flexible linear/helical undulator for soft x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 304, 719–724 (1991).

2003

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Schäfers, H.-C. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Souillie, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4074–4088 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

H. Höchst, R. Patel, F. Middleton, “Multiple-reflection λ/4 phase shifter: a viable alternative to generate circular-polarized synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 347, 107–114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, “Helios: a new type of linear/helical undulator,” J. Synchr. Rad. 1, 19–26 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, “Polarization analyses of elliptically polarized vacuum-ultraviolet undulator radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 336, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

R. P. Walker, B. Diviacco, “Studies of insertion devices for producing circularly polarized radiation with variable helicity in ELLETRA,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 332–335 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

See, for instance, P. Elleaume, J. Chavanne, “A new powerful flexible linear/helical undulator for soft x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 304, 719–724 (1991).

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

P. Elleaume, “Generation of various polarization states from insertion devices: a review,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 1830–1833 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Kim, “Characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” in Proceedings of the AIP Conference on the Physics of Particle Accelerators, AIP Conf. Proc. 184, 565–632 (1989).

1988

H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. Onuki, “Elliptically polarized synchrotron radiation source with crossed and retarded magnetic fields,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 246, 94–98 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

1984

P. A. Snyder, “Status of natural and magnetic circular dichroism instrumentation using synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 222, 364–371 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1965

Adachi, J.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alcaraz, C.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aloïse, S.

M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahrdt, J.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

Barbier, B.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

Becker, K.

Bellec, G.

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Besson, J.-C.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Brack, A.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

Brunelle, P.

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Canfield, L. R.

Carré, B.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassinari, L.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Castex, M. C.

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chabin, A.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

Chavanne, J.

See, for instance, P. Elleaume, J. Chavanne, “A new powerful flexible linear/helical undulator for soft x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 304, 719–724 (1991).

Cherepkov, N. A.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Heinzmann, N. A. Cherepkov, “Spin polarization in photoionization,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 521–559.
[CrossRef]

Claverie, J.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Compin, M.

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Corlier, M.

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Corr, J. J.

Darpentigny, J.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Desiderio, D.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Di Fonzo, S.

DiFonzo, S.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Diviacco, B.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, B. Diviacco, “Studies of insertion devices for producing circularly polarized radiation with variable helicity in ELLETRA,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 332–335 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dowek, D.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drecher, M.

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dutuit, O.

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elleaume, P.

P. Elleaume, “Helios: a new type of linear/helical undulator,” J. Synchr. Rad. 1, 19–26 (1994).
[CrossRef]

See, for instance, P. Elleaume, J. Chavanne, “A new powerful flexible linear/helical undulator for soft x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 304, 719–724 (1991).

P. Elleaume, “Generation of various polarization states from insertion devices: a review,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 1830–1833 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eriksson, M.

Eyers, A.

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fentrup, W.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

Fukutani, H.

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, G.

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaupp, A.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

F. Schäfers, H.-C. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Souillie, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4074–4088 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Godefroy, J.-M.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Goto, K.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grum-Grzhimailo, A. N.

M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).

Gudat, W.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

F. Schäfers, H.-C. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Souillie, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4074–4088 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heckenkamp, Ch.

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

U. Heinzmann, N. A. Cherepkov, “Spin polarization in photoionization,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 521–559.
[CrossRef]

Herbeaux, C.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

Hiraya, H.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Höchst, H.

H. Höchst, R. Patel, F. Middleton, “Multiple-reflection λ/4 phase shifter: a viable alternative to generate circular-polarized synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 347, 107–114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hormes, J.

G. Schönhense, J. Hormes, “Photoionization of oriented systems and circular dichroism,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 607–652.
[CrossRef]

Houver, J. C.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Houver, J.-C.

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ingold, G.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

Ishii, K.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, K.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, R.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

Jark, W.

F. Schäfers, H.-C. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Souillie, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4074–4088 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jolly, A.

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kandaka, N.

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. J.

K. J. Kim, “Characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” in Proceedings of the AIP Conference on the Physics of Particle Accelerators, AIP Conf. Proc. 184, 565–632 (1989).

Kliger, D.

For a general introduction to the various polarization formalisms see D. Kliger, J. Lewis, C. RandallPolarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Koide, T.

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, “Polarization analyses of elliptically polarized vacuum-ultraviolet undulator radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 336, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Krempaska, R.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krempasky, J.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lafosse, A.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lagarde, B.

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lama, F.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Cann, X.

Lebech, M.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, D.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Lepère, D.

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, J.

For a general introduction to the various polarization formalisms see D. Kliger, J. Lewis, C. RandallPolarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Lucchese, R.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luce, M.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Madden, R. P.

Marcouillé, O.

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Marlats, J. L.

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

Marlats, J.-L.

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Marteau, F.

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Matsui, T.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McConkey, J. W.

Meierhenrich, U.

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

Mercier, B.

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mertin, M.

Mertins, H. C.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mertins, H.-C.

Meyer, M.

M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).

Michaut, J.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Middleton, F.

H. Höchst, R. Patel, F. Middleton, “Multiple-reflection λ/4 phase shifter: a viable alternative to generate circular-polarized synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 347, 107–114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morita, M.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Motoki, S.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Museur, L.

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nadji, A.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Nahon, L.

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nyholm, R.

O’Keefe, P.

M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).

Olivero, C.

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Onuki, H.

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Onuki, “Elliptically polarized synchrotron radiation source with crossed and retarded magnetic fields,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 246, 94–98 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Packe, I.

Palick, E. D.

E. D. Palick, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991).

Patel, R.

H. Höchst, R. Patel, F. Middleton, “Multiple-reflection λ/4 phase shifter: a viable alternative to generate circular-polarized synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 347, 107–114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peatman, W.

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Peaupardin, P.

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

Petit, A.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Piacentini, M.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Polack, F.

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Powis, I.

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prevost, C.

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prosperi, T.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rabinovitch, K.

Randall, C.

For a general introduction to the various polarization formalisms see D. Kliger, J. Lewis, C. RandallPolarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

Riedel, D.

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rinaldi, S.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rybalchenko, G.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saito, N.

H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Saito, T.

H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, S.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

Schäfers, F.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Schäfers, H.-C. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Souillie, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4074–4088 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Scheer, M.

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

Schmolla, F.

Schönhense, G.

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. Schönhense, J. Hormes, “Photoionization of oriented systems and circular dichroism,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 607–652.
[CrossRef]

Semenov, S. K.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shidara, T.

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, “Polarization analyses of elliptically polarized vacuum-ultraviolet undulator radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 336, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shirasawa, K.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smolyakov, N.

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, P. A.

P. A. Snyder, “Status of natural and magnetic circular dichroism instrumentation using synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 222, 364–371 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Soejima, K.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sommer, M.

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

Souillie, G.

Soullie, G.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, S.

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thiry, P.

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thissen, R.

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Turcini, S.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vervloet, M.

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vétéran, J.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

Walker, R.

Walker, R. P.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, B. Diviacco, “Studies of insertion devices for producing circularly polarized radiation with variable helicity in ELLETRA,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 332–335 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Westerveld, W. B.

Yagi, K.

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yagishita, A.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, T.

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, K.

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yuri, M.

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, “Polarization analyses of elliptically polarized vacuum-ultraviolet undulator radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 336, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zema, N.

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zetner, P. W.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. Museur, C. Olivero, D. Riedel, M. C. Castex, “Polarization properties of coherent VUV light at 125 nm generated by sum-frequency four-wave mixing in mercury,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Onuki, N. Saito, T. Saito, “Undulator generating any kind of elliptically polarized radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 173–175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, H. Fukutani, “Production and direct measurement of circularly polarized vacuum-ultraviolet light with multireflection optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2592–2594 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Astrobiology

U. Meierhenrich, B. Barbier, R. Jacquet, A. Chabin, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, A. Brack, “Photochemical origin of biomolecular asymmetry,” Astrobiology 2, 167–170 (2001).

J. Chem. Phys.

M. Lebech, J. C. Houver, A. Lafosse, D. Dowek, C. Alcaraz, L. Nahon, R. Lucchese, “Complete description of linear molecule photoionization achieved by vector correlations using light of a single circular polarization,” J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9653–9663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Garcia, L. Nahon, M. Lebech, J.-C. Houver, D. Dowek, I. Powis, “Circular dichroism in the photoelectron angular distribution from randomly oriented enantiomers of camphor,” J. Chem. Phys. 119, 8781–8784 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.

M. Yuri, K. Yagi, T. Yamada, H. Onuki, “Polarization characteristics of polarizing undulator radiation installed in the electron storage ring NIJI-II,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 80, 501–504 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Synchr. Rad.

P. Elleaume, “Helios: a new type of linear/helical undulator,” J. Synchr. Rad. 1, 19–26 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A

B. Mercier, M. Compin, C. Prevost, G. Bellec, R. Thissen, O. Dutuit, L. Nahon, “Experimental and theoretical study of a differentially-pumped absorption gas cell used as a low energy-pass filter in the VUV photon energy range,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18, 2533–2541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A

G. Rybalchenko, K. Shirasawa, M. Morita, N. Smolyakov, K. Goto, T. Matsui, H. Hiraya, “Performance and future plan of multimode undulator at HiSOR,” Nucl. Instrum. and Methods A 467-468, 173–176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods A

See, for instance, P. Elleaume, J. Chavanne, “A new powerful flexible linear/helical undulator for soft x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 304, 719–724 (1991).

H. Onuki, “Elliptically polarized synchrotron radiation source with crossed and retarded magnetic fields,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 246, 94–98 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Bahrdt, W. Fentrup, A. Gaupp, M. Scheer, W. Gudat, G. Ingold, S. Sasaki, “Ellipically polarizing insertion devices at BESSY II,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 467-468, 21–29 (2001), and references therein.

H. Höchst, R. Patel, F. Middleton, “Multiple-reflection λ/4 phase shifter: a viable alternative to generate circular-polarized synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 347, 107–114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Snyder, “Status of natural and magnetic circular dichroism instrumentation using synchrotron radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 222, 364–371 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, N. Kandaka, K. Yamaguchi, H. Fukutani, “Elliptical-polarization analyses of synchrotron radiation in the 5–80 eV region with a reflection polarimeter,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 308, 635–644 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Koide, T. Shidara, M. Yuri, “Polarization analyses of elliptically polarized vacuum-ultraviolet undulator radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 336, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, M. Corlier, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, C. Alcaraz, P. Thiry, “A versatile electromagnetic planar/helical crossed undulator optimized for the SU5 low energy/high resolution beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 396, 237–250 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, C. Alcaraz, O. Dutuit, M. Vervloet, K. Ito, “A new VUV high-resolution undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 404, 418–429 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A

L. Nahon, P. Peaupardin, F. Marteau, O. Marcouillé, P. Brunelle, R. Thissen, C. Alcaraz, M. Corlier, “Commissioning of OPHELIE in the DC mode: an electromagnetic planar/helical crossed VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 447, 569–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Motoki, J. Adachi, K. Ito, K. Ishii, K. Soejima, A. Yagishita, S. K. Semenov, N. A. Cherepkov, “Direct probe of the shape resonance mechanism in 2σg-shell photoionization of the N2 molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 063003 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proceedings of the AIP Conference on the Physics of Particle Accelerators

K. J. Kim, “Characteristics of synchrotron radiation,” in Proceedings of the AIP Conference on the Physics of Particle Accelerators, AIP Conf. Proc. 184, 565–632 (1989).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

P. Elleaume, “Generation of various polarization states from insertion devices: a review,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 1830–1833 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, B. Diviacco, “Studies of insertion devices for producing circularly polarized radiation with variable helicity in ELLETRA,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 332–335 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Nahon, C. Alcaraz, J.-L. Marlats, B. Lagarde, F. Polack, R. Thissen, D. Lepère, K. Ito, “Very-high spectral resolution obtained with SU5: a VUV undulator-based beamline at Super-ACO,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1320–1329 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Yagi, H. Onuki, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Absolute spectral brightness and polarization characteristics of radiation from a polarizing undulator in the visible region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 396–399 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Schäfers, W. Peatman, A. Eyers, Ch. Heckenkamp, G. Schönhense, U. Heinzmann, “High-flux normal incidence monochromator for circularly polarized synchrotron radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1032–1041 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Synchr. Rad. News

D. Desiderio, S. DiFonzo, B. Diviacco, W. Jark, J. Krempasky, R. Krempaska, F. Lama, M. Luce, H. C. Mertins, M. Piacentini, T. Prosperi, S. Rinaldi, G. Soullie, F. Schäfers, S. Turcini, R. P. Walker, N. Zema, “The ELETTRA circular polarization beamline and electromagnetic elliptical wiggler insertion device,” Synchr. Rad. News 12, 34–38 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

U. Heinzmann, N. A. Cherepkov, “Spin polarization in photoionization,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 521–559.
[CrossRef]

G. Schönhense, J. Hormes, “Photoionization of oriented systems and circular dichroism,” in VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization, U. Becker, D. Shirley, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1996), pp. 607–652.
[CrossRef]

Alessandro Mirone, Optics Group, LURE, Orsay, France (personal communication, 1999).

M. Meyer, S. Aloïse, P. O’Keefe, A. N. Grum-Grzhimailo, “Polarization effects in the photoionization of VUV excited atoms,” in Correlation, Polarization and Ionization of Atomic Systems, G. F. Hanne, ed., AIP Conf. Proc.697, 42–47 (2003).

C. Alcaraz, R. Thissen, M. Compin, A. Jolly, M. Drecher, L. Nahon, “First polarization measurements of OPHELIE: a versatile polarization VUV undulator at Super-ACO,” in X-Ray Optics: Design, Performance, and Applications, A. Khounsary, A. Freund, T. Ishikawa, G. Srajer, J. Lang, eds., Proc. SPIE3773, 250–261 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Holm, “Convention confusions,” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, 2nd ed., E. D. Palick, ed. (Academic, New York, 1991), pp. 21–55.

M. Corlier, P. Brunelle, C. Herbeaux, O. Marcouillé, J. L. Marlats, F. Marteau, P. Peaupardin, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “A planar/helicoidal electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at LURE,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Magnet Technology, L. Liangzhen, S. Gualiao, S. Luguang, eds. (Science Press, Beijing, 1998), pp. 84–87.

M. Corlier, J.-C. Besson, P. Brunelle, J. Claverie, J.-M. Godefroy, C. Herbeaux, D. Lefebvre, O. Marcouillé, J.-L. Marlats, F. Marteau, J. Michaut, P. Peaupardin, A. Petit, M. Sommer, J. Vétéran, L. Nahon, “Commissioning of OPHELIE: the new electromagnetic crossed overlapped undulator at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of PAC ’99, A. Luccio, W. Mackay, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), pp. 2686–2688.

P. Brunelle, J.-C. Besson, L. Cassinari, J. Claverie, J. Darpentigny, M. Corlier, J.-M. Godefroy, O. Marcouillé, F. Marteau, A. Nadji, A. Petit, M. Sommer, L. Nahon, “Transparent user operation of OPHELIE at Super-ACO,” in Proceedings of EPAC 2000, J.-L. Laclare, W. Mitaroff, Ch. Petit-Jean-Genaz, J. Poole, M. Regler, eds. (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000), pp. 1013–1015.

For a general introduction to the various polarization formalisms see D. Kliger, J. Lewis, C. RandallPolarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).

E. D. Palick, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1991).

C. Alcaraz, D. Nether, J.-L. Marlats, B. Pilette, L. Nahon, are preparing a paper to be called “Conception and performances of a very-accurate reflection polarimeter optimized for the VUV range.”

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SU5 beam line located at the center of the Super-ACO storage ring, as viewed from the top: VA, variable-aperture chamber; EnS (ExS), entrance (exit) slit; DP, differential pumping. The whole beam line lies in the horizontal plane, except for arm M1–M2, which is tilted upward by 2°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the crossed-overlapped electromagnetic undulator OPHELIE. The only mechanical motion is a longitudinal movement leading to tunable dephasing between -90° and 90°. The gaps are fixed, and the horizontal (B 0x ) and vertical (B 0y ) magnetic fields are tunable by varying driving currents I H (monopolar) and I H (bipolar) in the main coils.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the SU5 (3 + 3)-reflection polarimeter, showing the dephasing and analyzing elements to be rotated by respective angles α and β, which involve, respectively, three (140°, 150°, and 160°) and two (130° and 140°) prisms. One can also see the two irises and the movable UV-XUV detector. The prisms can be moved out of the way of the photon beam to allow the beam to move toward the sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization ellipses at the sample location recorded on the maximum of the undulator’s fundamental peak at 8.85 eV for pure linear polarization emitted by the undulator: (a) I H = 135 A (K = 2.00), I V = 0 A, and ϕ = 0°, leading to a vertically polarized emitted SR; (b) I H = 0 A, I V = 135 A (K = 2.00), and ϕ = 0°, leading to horizontally polarized emitted SR.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Undulator spectrum corresponding to I H = 117 A (K = 1.72), I V = 0 A, and ϕ = 0°, leading to a vertically polarized emitted SR, together with polarization ellipses measured at three photon energies. P tot = 1 - S 4/S 0 corresponds to the total polarization rate.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absolute normal linear polarization rates, modulus (S 1/S 0), as measured in vertical (H undulator alone) and horizontal (V undulator alone) linear modes for several photon energies. The relative errors bars are typically 1%.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarization ellipses recorded at 10.3 eV on the maximum of the undulator’s fundamental peak for optimized circular polarization at the polarimeter level: (a) I H = 26.6 A (K x = 0.39), I V = +109.6 A (K y = +1.61), and ϕ = 52.2°, leading to a LCP emitted SR; (b) I H = 26.6 A (K x = 0.39), I V = -109.6 A (K y = -1.61), and ϕ = 52.2°, leading to a RCP emitted SR. The larger-dotted curve is a simple guide to the eye, showing perfect circular polarization (S 3 = ±1).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Summary of all circular polarization measurements over the VUV range, showing the highest measured circular polarization rates for both RCP and LCP for the experimentally determined values of ρund and ϕund as listed in Table 1. The relative error bars are typically 2%.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Undulator spectrum (left-hand scale) for RCP near 6.9 eV with ρund = -1.66 and ϕund = 14.6°, together with the measured absolute values of P c at several photon energies (right-hand scale).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Circular Polarization Data Measurements for RCP (S3 > 0) and LCP (S3 < 0) with Related Calculated ρund and ϕund Based on Published Optical Constants

Equations (19)

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Bt=uˆx · B0x cos2πλ0z+uˆy · B0y cos2πλ0z-ϕ,
εneV=n 24.321+1.089 10-4IH2A+IV2A1+0.14 sin21.1ϕ.
S0=Ix+Iy, S1=Ix-Iy, S2=I45°-I135°, S3=I+-I-,
Ex,y=E0x,y expiωt-kz+δx,y.
S0=E0x2+E0y2, S1=E0x2-E0y2, S2=2E0xE0y cosδx-δy, S3=-2E0xE0y sinδx-δy,
P1= S1S0= Ky2-Kx2Kx2+Ky2= ρ2-11+ρ2,
P2= S2S0=- 2KxKy cosϕKx2+Ky2=- 2ρ cosϕ1+ρ2,
P3= S3S0=- 2KxKy sinϕKx2+Ky2=- 2ρ sinϕ1+ρ2=Pc,
S0=S12+S22+S321/2+S4,
rp,s=|rp,s|expiδp,s,
SundKx, Ky, ϕ=MSU5-1ωSsample,
Sf=R-βM2Ψ2, Δ2×RβR-αM1Ψ1, Δ1RαSi,
Sf0=CfS1/S0, S2/S0, S3/S0, Ψ1, Ψ2, Δ1; α, β,
φx-φyund=φundopt=π-ϕund.
ρund2=ρund1EyExmeas=ρund11-S11/S011+S11/S01, ϕund2=ϕund1.
φmeasopt=cos-1S22S022-S1221/2
ϕund3=ϕund2-± π2-φmeasopt.
S0=C1-cos2Ψ2S11cos2β+S21sin2β,
S4S01- |S3|S0=1-Pc.

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