Abstract

An intercomparison of aerosol backscatter lidar algorithms was performed in 2001 within the framework of the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to Establish an Aerosol Climatology (EARLINET). The objective of this research was to test the correctness of the algorithms and the influence of the lidar ratio used by the various lidar teams involved in the EARLINET for calculation of backscatter-coefficient profiles from the lidar signals. The exercise consisted of processing synthetic lidar signals of various degrees of difficulty. One of these profiles contained height-dependent lidar ratios to test the vertical influence of those profiles on the various retrieval algorithms. Furthermore, a realistic incomplete overlap of laser beam and receiver field of view was introduced to remind the teams to take great care in the nearest range to the lidar. The intercomparison was performed in three stages with increasing knowledge on the input parameters. First, only the lidar signals were distributed; this is the most realistic stage. Afterward the lidar ratio profiles and the reference values at calibration height were provided. The unknown height-dependent lidar ratio had the largest influence on the retrieval, whereas the unknown reference value was of minor importance. These results show the necessity of making additional independent measurements, which can provide us with a suitable approximation of the lidar ratio. The final stage proves in general, that the data evaluation schemes of the different groups of lidar systems work well.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004

2002

2001

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

1999

1995

1994

1990

1985

1984

1981

1972

F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of aerosol height distributions by lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482–489 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Adriani, A.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Alpers, M.

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Althausen, D.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Amiridis, V.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Amodeo, A.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Ansmann, A.

U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Ansmann, M. Riebsell, C. Weitkamp, “Measurement of atmospheric aerosol extinction profiles with a Raman lidar,” Opt. Lett. 15, 746–748 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Baldasano, J. M.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Balin, I.

Balis, D.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Barnes, J.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Bergwerff, H. B.

Beyerle, G.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Böckmann, C.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Bodhaine, B. A.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boselli, A.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

Bösenberg, J.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

J. Bösenberg, R. Timm, V. Wulfmeyer, “Study on retrieval algorithms for a backscatter lidar,” Rep. 226 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 1997).

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Browell, E. V.

Bucholtz, A.

Calpini, B.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Carswell, A. I.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Chaikovsky, A.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Chaykovski, A.

Chourdakis, G.

Claude, H.

Comeron, A.

D. Klett, J.

D’Altorio, A.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

David, C.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

De Tomasi, F.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Delaval, A.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

di Donfrancesco, G.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Donovan, D.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Donovan, D. P.

Dutton, E.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eixmann, R.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Fernald, F. G.

F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments,” Appl. Opt. 23, 652–653 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of aerosol height distributions by lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482–489 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Flamant, P.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Franke, A.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Freudenthaler, V.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Frioud, M.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Giehl, H.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Godin, S.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Gross, M.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Gross, M. R.

Hågård, A.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Herman, B. M.

F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of aerosol height distributions by lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482–489 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Iarlori, M.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Ismail, S.

Jäger, H.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Klett, J. D.

Komguem, L.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Kovalev, V. A.

Kreipl, S.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Larchevêque, G.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

Linne, H.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Masci, F.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

Matthey, R.

Matthias, V.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Mattis, I.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

McCartney, E. J.

E. J. McCartney, Optics of the Atmosphere, Scattering by Molecules and Particles (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Mcdermid, I. S.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

McGee, T.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

McGee, T. J.

Megie, G.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Mielke, A.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Mitev, V.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Moosmüller, H.

Müller, M.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Nagai, T.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Nakane, H.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Neuber, R.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Osborn, M.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Pandolfi, M.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Papayannis, A.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Pappalardo, G.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

Pelon, J.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

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F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of aerosol height distributions by lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482–489 (1972).
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Resendes, D.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Riebsell, M.

Rizi, V.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Rocadenbosch, F.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Rodriguez, J. A.

Sarközi, J.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Sasano, Y.

Schneidenbach, L.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Schneider, J.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Shcherbakov, V.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

Slusser, J.

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Spinelli, N.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Stein, B.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Steinbrecht, W.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
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W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Swart, D. P. J.

Takeuchi, N.

Timm, R.

J. Bösenberg, R. Timm, V. Wulfmeyer, “Study on retrieval algorithms for a backscatter lidar,” Rep. 226 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 1997).

Trickl, T.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Uchino, O.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, G.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

Visconti, G.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

von der Gathen, P.

Vorobieva, E.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Wandinger, U.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Wang, X.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

Wedekind, C.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Weitkamp, C.

Wiegner, M.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

Winkler, D.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

Wood, N.

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[CrossRef]

Wulfmeyer, V.

J. Bösenberg, R. Timm, V. Wulfmeyer, “Study on retrieval algorithms for a backscatter lidar,” Rep. 226 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 1997).

Appl. Opt.

V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, I. Balin, D. Balis, A. Chaykovski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hågård, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, V. Rizi, J. A. Rodriguez, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of the EARLINET project. 1. Instruments,” Appl. Opt. 43, 961–976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, D. P. Donovan, H. Claude, W. Steinbrecht, I. S. Mcdermid, T. J. McGee, M. R. Gross, H. Nakane, D. P. J. Swart, H. B. Bergwerff, O. Uchino, P. von der Gathen, R. Neuber, “Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6225–6236 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments,” Appl. Opt. 23, 652–653 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasano, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Error caused by using a constant extinction/backscattering ratio in the lidar solution,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3929–3932 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. Kovalev, H. Moosmüller, “Distortion of particulate extinction profiles measured with lidar in a two-component atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6499–6507 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Matsumoto, N. Takeuchi, “Effects of misestimated far-end boundary values on two common lidar inversion solutions,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6451–6456 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aerosol Sci.

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET—lidar algorithm intercomparison,” J. Aerosol Sci. 32, S433–S434 (2001).

J. Appl. Meteorol.

F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of aerosol height distributions by lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482–489 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. Wood, E. Dutton, J. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1854–1861 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, B. Calpini, A. Chaikovsky, P. Flamant, A. Hågård, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, J. Pelon, D. Resendes, J. Schneider, N. Spinelli, T. Trickl, G. Vaughan, G. Visconti, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET: a European aerosol research lidar network,” in Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, A. Dabas, C. Loth, J. Pelon, eds., Selected papers of the 20th International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France (Ecole-Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 2000), pp. 155–158.

J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, C. Böckmann, R. Eixmann, A. Franke, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, H. Jäger, S. Kreipl, H. Linne, V. Matthias, I. Mattis, M. Müller, J. Sarközi, L. Schneidenbach, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, E. Vorobieva, U. Wandinger, M. Wiegner, “The German aerosol lidar network: methodology, data, analysis,” Rep. 317 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 2001).

A. Amodeo, G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, M. Alpers, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, G. Larchevêque, A. Papayannis, X. Wang, “Raman lidar algorithm intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds. (Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada2002), pp. 349–352.

G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, M. Pandolfi, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, V. Amiridis, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, X. Wang, “Aerosol lidar intercomparisons in the framework of EARLINET. 3. Raman lidar algorithm for aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Opt., submitted for publication.

W. Steinbrecht, H. Jäger, A. Adriani, G. di Donfrancesco, J. Barnes, G. Beyerle, R. Neuber, C. David, S. Godin, D. Donovan, A. I. Carswell, M. Gross, T. McGee, F. Masci, A. D’Altorio, V. Rizi, G. Visconti, I. S. McDermid, G. Megie, A. Mielke, B. Stein, C. Wedekind, T. Nagai, O. Uchino, H. Nakane, M. Osborn, D. Winkler, “NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) intercomparison of stratospheric aerosol processing algorithms,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 501–504.
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, V. Amiridis, A. Boselli, A. Delaval, F. De Tomasi, M. Frioud, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, G. Larchevêque, V. Matthias, A. Papayannis, F. Rocadenbosch, J. Schneider, V. Shcherbakov, M. Wiegner, “EARLINET-backscatter lidar algorithm intercomparison,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Laser Radar Conference: Lidar Remote Sensing in Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, G. Vallee, eds.( Defence R&D Canada, Valcartier, Quebec, Canada, 2002), pp. 353–356.

E. J. McCartney, Optics of the Atmosphere, Scattering by Molecules and Particles (Wiley, New York, 1976).

J. Bösenberg, R. Timm, V. Wulfmeyer, “Study on retrieval algorithms for a backscatter lidar,” Rep. 226 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany, 1997).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Input data for (a)–(c) simulation case 2 and (d)–(f) simulation case 3. In case 3 all wavelengths have the same lidar ratio profile.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Retrieved particle backscatter-coefficient profiles at all three wavelengths compared with the simulation input profiles of case 2 for (a), (c), (e) the first stage and (b), (d), (f) the second stage. The exact profile is included as a single curve with filled squares.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Retrieved particle backscatter-coefficient profiles at all three wavelengths compared with (a), (c), (e) the simulation input profiles and (b), (d), (f) the respective relative errors of case 2 for the third stage.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Retrieved particle backscatter-coefficient profiles at all three wavelengths compared with the simulation input profiles of case 3 for (a), (c), (e) the first stage and (b), (d), (f) the second stage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Retrieved particle backscatter-coefficient profiles at all three wavelengths compared with (a), (c), (e) the simulation input profiles and (b), (d), (f) the respective relative errors for case 3 for the third stage.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Retrieved particle backscatter-coefficient profiles compared with the simulation input profiles for the wavelengths (a) 355 nm and (b) 532 nm for case 4 for the third stage. li, ng, and sf are abbreviations for three of the lidar system groups.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Participating Lidar System Groups and Capabilities of Their Processing Algorithmsa

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Table 2 Mean Errors with Standard Deviations of Cases 2 and 3 for Wavelength 355 nm in Stage 3

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Table 3 Mean Errors with Standard Deviations of Cases 2 and 3 Wavelength 532 nm in Stage 3

Tables Icon

Table 4 Mean Errors with Standard Deviations of Cases 2 and 3 for Wavelength 1064 nm in Stage 3

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pλ, z=P0λC Ozz2 βλ, z ×exp -2 0z αλ, ζdζ,
Pλ, z=P0λC βaerλ, z+βmolλ, zz2×exp -2 0z αaerλ, ζ+αmolλ, ζdζ,
αλ, z=αmolλ, z+αaerλ, z=αmolabsλ, z+αmolscaλ, z+αaerabsλ, z+αaerscaλ, z.
βaerz=-βmolz+Pzz2 exp -2Saer-Smol0z βmolζdζP0C-2Saer0z Pζζ2 exp-2Saer-Smol0ζ βmolzdzdζ,
βaerz=-βmolz+Xzexp-2Saer-Smolz0z βmolζdζXz0/βaerz0+βmolz0-2Saerz0z Xζexp-2Saer-Smolz0ζ βmolzdzdζ.
αmolscaz, λ; p, T=24π3mair2-12λ4NS2mair2+226+3γ6-7γ×NST0p0pzTz,
Δgrel=Δgabsgex×100%,
Δg¯abs/rel=i=1n Δgabs/reln,
δgabs/rel=i=1nΔgabs/rel-Δg¯abs/rel2n1/2.

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