Abstract

The principal refractive indices of a Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 crystal for wavelengths of 0.488, 0.6328, 1.064, 1.0795, and 1.3414 μm under the temperature range of 20–170 °C are measured by the autocollimation method, and the Sellmeier’s equation and the expression of the thermal refractive-index coefficient are then obtained. The reliability of these results is checked by comparing the calculated values with the measured values for the measured wavelengths and the temperature region, as well as with the published values by Studenikin et al. [Quantum Electron . 25, 1162–1165 (1995)] for wavelengths of 0.491, 0.546, 0.578, 0.632, 0.808, and 1.062 μm at 20 °C. In addition, the birefringence and the thermal coefficient of the birefringence were obtained by measured results. The results show that the birefringence is larger than that of a YVO4 crystal and that the thermal coefficient of birefringence is less than that of a YVO4 crystal. Therefore it can be expected that the GdVO4 crystal is not only an excellent laser crystal but also an excellent birefringent crystal used in a modern optical transmission system as a passive fiber-optic component.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).
  7. Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Y. Shen, H. Xu, Z. D. Zeng, W. X. Lin, R. F. Wu, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of LiNbO3 crystal doped with 5 mol% MgO,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6695–6697 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  11. Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. Y. Shen, D. Y. Zheng, W. Liu, G. F. Zhang, W. Z. Chen, G. Zhang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients for Nb:KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 38, 987–990 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
    [Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. Y. Shen, D. Y. Zheng, W. Liu, G. F. Zhang, W. Z. Chen, G. Zhang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients for Nb:KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 38, 987–990 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (3)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shen, H. Xu, Z. D. Zeng, W. X. Lin, R. F. Wu, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of LiNbO3 crystal doped with 5 mol% MgO,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6695–6697 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

1988 (1)

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[Crossref]

Bond, W. L.

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. Z.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Huang, M. L.

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jia, S. Q.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jiang, A. D.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lian, T. Q.

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Liao, H.

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lin, W. X.

Liu, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Luthy, W.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Meyn, J. P.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ostoumov, V. G.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

Popov, P. A.

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Z.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shen, H. Y.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).

H. Y. Shen, D. Y. Zheng, W. Liu, G. F. Zhang, W. Z. Chen, G. Zhang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients for Nb:KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 38, 987–990 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shen, H. Xu, Z. D. Zeng, W. X. Lin, R. F. Wu, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of LiNbO3 crystal doped with 5 mol% MgO,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6695–6697 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shi, H. S.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).

Studenikin, P. A.

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

Studennikin, P. A.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, V. I.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Weber, U. P.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wu, R. F.

Wyss, C. P.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, H. Xu, Z. D. Zeng, W. X. Lin, R. F. Wu, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of LiNbO3 crystal doped with 5 mol% MgO,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6695–6697 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zavartsev, D.

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, H. Xu, Z. D. Zeng, W. X. Lin, R. F. Wu, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of LiNbO3 crystal doped with 5 mol% MgO,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6695–6697 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).

H. Y. Shen, D. Y. Zheng, W. Liu, G. F. Zhang, W. Z. Chen, G. Zhang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients for Nb:KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 38, 987–990 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G. F.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zheng, D. Y.

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, M. L. Huang, H. Xu, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Nd:YAP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. D. Zeng, H. Y. Shen, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of Ti:Mg:LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1281–1286 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. P. Wyss, W. Luthy, U. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studennikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. L. Bond, “Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674–1677 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. Zhang, X. Meng, J. Liu, L. Zhu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, J. Wang, Y. Liu, “Growth of lowly Nd-doped GdVO4 single crystal and its laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 367–371 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Synth. Cryst. (1)

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of refractive indices and thermal refractive index coefficients of YVO4 crystal,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85–88 (2001).

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

H. Liao, H. Y. Shen, Z. D. Zeng, T. Q. Lian, Y. P. Zhou, C. H. Huang, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, “Accurate values of the index of refraction and optimum phase match parameters in a flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 20, 103–104 (1988).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, D. Zavartsev, P. A. Popov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostoumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured prism.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relationship between ordinary refractive indices and the temperature for different wavelengths in a Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relationship between extraordinary refractive indices and the temperature for different wavelengths in a Nd0.007Gd0.997VO4 crystal.

Tables (5)

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Table 1 Measured Values of Principal Refractive Index and Birefringence of Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 Crystals at Different Wavelengths and Different Temperatures

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Table 2 Constants of Modified Sellmeier’s Equation in a Temperature Range of 20–170 °C

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Table 3 Values of Ordinary and Extraordinary Refractive Index No(λ, 0), Ne(λ, 0) at 0 °C and Thermal Coefficients of Refractive Index ∂No(λ)/∂T, ∂Ne(λ)/∂T as Well as Thermal Coefficients of Birefringence d(Ne-No)/dt for a Nd0.007Gd0.993VO4 Crystal at Different Wavelengths

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Table 4 Comparison of the Measured Values and Calculated Values of C(I) and C(II) for a Nd0.07Gd0.993VO4 Crystal

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Table 5 Comparison between the Calculated Values and the Published Values by Studenikin2 for Refractive Indices at Different Wavelengths

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N=sin χ/sin ξ,
Ni2λ, T=AiT+BiT/λ2-CiT-DiTλ2, i=e, o,
No, eλ, T=No, eλ, 0+No, eλ/TΔT,
Noλ/T=2.167306λ-3-8.766183λ-2+12.14038λ-1-3.956612×10-5,Neλ/T=1.743708λ-3-6.638909λ-2+9.033037λ-1-3.036865×10-5.
δNG=Nδξtan ξ2+δχtan χ21/2×π180×60×60,
δNeθ=cos θ2Ne3/2No2,
δNeT=dNe/dT×ΔT.
δNSE=±0.48352+0.48992+0.52+0.132+1.2321/2×10-4=±1.5012×10-4.

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