Abstract

A birefringent wedge in a collimated 351-nm beam provides polarization smoothing at the Omega laser facility and provided it for the Nova laser. At the National Ignition Facility, the best place to put such an optic is after the final focus lens. In a converging beam, a flat birefringent plate can closely mimic the polarization-smoothing action of a wedge. In this new design the flat plate is nearly a Z-cut crystal; for the wedges, the optical axis of the crystal lies far from the plate normal.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 9–76.
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (3)

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. E. Rothenberg, “Polarization beam smoothing for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3654–3662 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. P. McGuire, R. A. Chipman, “Analysis of spatial pseudodepolarizers in imaging systems,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1478–1484 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barker, C. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Berger, R. L.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boehly, T. R.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 4th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 694–701.

Bradley, D. K.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Carman, L.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chipman, R. A.

J. P. McGuire, R. A. Chipman, “Analysis of spatial pseudodepolarizers in imaging systems,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1478–1484 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Divol, L.

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Divol, L. M.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dixit, S. N.

Ehrlich, R. B.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Eimerl, D.

Glenzer, S. H.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 9–76.

Guardalben, M. J.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jitsuno, T.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T. J.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kirkwood, R. K.

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knauer, J. P.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kyle, K.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Langdon, A. B.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, E.

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Letzring, S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McGuire, J. P.

J. P. McGuire, R. A. Chipman, “Analysis of spatial pseudodepolarizers in imaging systems,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1478–1484 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moody, J. D.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, J. R.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Nakai, S.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, N. D.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Pau, S.

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Rothenberg, “Polarization beam smoothing for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3654–3662 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Short, R. W.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Skupsky, S.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smalyuk, V. A.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soures, J. M.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Suter, L. J.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakimoto, K.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

Wahlstrom, E. E.

E. E. Wahlstrom, Optical Crystallography, 5th ed. (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 10, pp. 242–263.

Williams, E. A.

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 4th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 694–701.

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J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
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T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, T. J. Kessler, “Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444–3447 (1999).
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J. E. Rothenberg, “Polarization beam smoothing for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3654–3662 (2000).
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K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate,” Opt. Commun. 91, 9–12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, “Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 103, 185–188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (2)

E. Lefebvre, R. L. Berger, A. B. Langdon, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of laser self-focusing in plasma by polarization smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 5, 2701–2705 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Glenzer, R. L. Berger, L. M. Divol, R. K. Kirkwood, B. J. MacGowan, J. D. Moody, A. B. Langdon, L. J. Suter, E. A. Williams, “Reduction of stimulated scattering losses from hohlraum plasmas with laser beam smoothing,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 1692–1696 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. D. Moody, B. J. MacGowan, J. E. Rothenberg, R. L. Berger, L. Divol, S. H. Glenzer, R. K. Kirkwood, E. A. Williams, P. E. Young, “Backscatter reduction using combined spatial, temporal, and polarization beam smoothing in a long-scale-length laser plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2810–2813 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. (1)

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Laboratory for Laser Energetics, “Phase conversion using distributed polarization rotation,” Laboratory for Laser Energetics Rev. 45, National Technical Information Service Doc. DOE/DP40200-149 (Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, N.Y., 1990).

J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 9–76.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. Van Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. B. Ehrlich, N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse stimulated Raman scattering in KDP,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), W. F. Krupke, ed., Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 4th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1970), pp. 694–701.

E. E. Wahlstrom, Optical Crystallography, 5th ed. (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 10, pp. 242–263.

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