A differential-absorption lidar system that uses a long-life transmitter for monitoring of atomic-mercury concentrations in the atmosphere has been developed. The third harmonic of a tunable dye laser with LDS 765 dye pumped by the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser was used as the emitted beam from the transmitter. By use of this system, atmospheric concentrations of atomic mercury of less than 0.4 part in 1012 were measured. The time trend of the measured concentration agreed with that obtained by a conventional gold amalgamation method combined with atomic absorption spectroscopy on the ground.
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