Abstract

The properties of Yb, Tm:KY3F10, a cubic fluoride crystal, are described that make it attractive as the blue emitter in two-dimensional photonic displays. Its peak excitation wavelength for blue upconversion emission is 974.7 nm, where efficient diode laser pump sources are available. The maximum upconversion efficiency measured thus far is 4.4%.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Bloembergen, “Solid state infrared quantum counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Esterowitz, A. Schnitzler, J. Noonan, J. Bahler, “Rare earth infrared quantum counter,” Appl. Opt. 7, 2053–2070 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Auzel, “Application of resonant energy transfers to the laser effect in Er-doped glasses,” Ann Telecommun. 24, 363–376 (1969).
  4. J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. J. Guggenheim, L. F. Johnson, “New fluoride compounds for efficient infrared-to-visible conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 51–52 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Porcher, P. Caro, “Crystal field parameters for Eu in KY3F10. III. Radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities,” J. Chem. Phys. 68, 4183–4187 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.
  10. A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.
  11. A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.
  13. A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).
  16. P. Caro, P. Porcher, “Infra-red excitation of visible luminescence in up-converters rare earth materials,” J. Lumin. 18–19, 257–261 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.
  19. A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef]

2004

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

1979

P. Caro, P. Porcher, “Infra-red excitation of visible luminescence in up-converters rare earth materials,” J. Lumin. 18–19, 257–261 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

P. Porcher, P. Caro, “Crystal field parameters for Eu in KY3F10. III. Radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities,” J. Chem. Phys. 68, 4183–4187 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1971

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

H. J. Guggenheim, L. F. Johnson, “New fluoride compounds for efficient infrared-to-visible conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 51–52 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, “Application of resonant energy transfers to the laser effect in Er-doped glasses,” Ann Telecommun. 24, 363–376 (1969).

1968

1959

N. Bloembergen, “Solid state infrared quantum counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Y.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, “Application of resonant energy transfers to the laser effect in Er-doped glasses,” Ann Telecommun. 24, 363–376 (1969).

Bahler, J.

Bass, M.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

Bass, M. A.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Belfield, K.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

Belfield, K. D.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, “Solid state infrared quantum counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Caro, P.

P. Caro, P. Porcher, “Infra-red excitation of visible luminescence in up-converters rare earth materials,” J. Lumin. 18–19, 257–261 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. Porcher, P. Caro, “Crystal field parameters for Eu in KY3F10. III. Radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities,” J. Chem. Phys. 68, 4183–4187 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

Diaf, M.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Doualan, J. L.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Dubinskii, M. A.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Esterowitz, L.

Friese, K.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gesland, J.-Y.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Grodkiewicz, W. H.

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Grzechnik, A.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Guggenheim, L. F. Johnson, “New fluoride compounds for efficient infrared-to-visible conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 51–52 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, M.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

Johnson, L. F.

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Guggenheim, L. F. Johnson, “New fluoride compounds for efficient infrared-to-visible conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 51–52 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kazakov, B. N.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Kushida, T.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, H. J.

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Marcos, H. M.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Milliez, J.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

Moncorge, R.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Noonan, J.

Nuss, J.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ostermayer, F. W.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Porcher, P.

P. Caro, P. Porcher, “Infra-red excitation of visible luminescence in up-converters rare earth materials,” J. Lumin. 18–19, 257–261 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. Porcher, P. Caro, “Crystal field parameters for Eu in KY3F10. III. Radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities,” J. Chem. Phys. 68, 4183–4187 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rapaport, A.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

Schafer, K. J.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schnitzler, A.

Silkin, N. I.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Singh, S.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Szipocs, F.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

Thuau, M.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

Tigreat, P. Y.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tkachuk, A. M.

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van der Ziel, J. P.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L. G.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Yagudin, S. I.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Ann Telecommun.

F. Auzel, “Application of resonant energy transfers to the laser effect in Er-doped glasses,” Ann Telecommun. 24, 363–376 (1969).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. J. Guggenheim, L. F. Johnson, “New fluoride compounds for efficient infrared-to-visible conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 51–52 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Guggenheim, T. Kushida, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Comments on materials for efficient infrared conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 48–50 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Van Uitert, S. Singh, H. J. Levinstein, L. F. Johnson, W. H. Grodkiewicz, J. E. Geusic, “Efficient infrared-to-visible conversion by rare-earth oxychlorides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 53–54 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. E. Geusic, F. W. Ostermayer, H. M. Marcos, L. G. Van Uitert, J. P. van der Ziel, “Efficiency of red, green, and blue infrared-to-visible conversion sources,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1958–1960 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

P. Porcher, P. Caro, “Crystal field parameters for Eu in KY3F10. III. Radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities,” J. Chem. Phys. 68, 4183–4187 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

P. Caro, P. Porcher, “Infra-red excitation of visible luminescence in up-converters rare earth materials,” J. Lumin. 18–19, 257–261 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, A. Cassanho, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, “The role of pump duration on temperature and efficiency of up conversion in fluoride crystals codoped with ytterbium and thulium,” Opt. Exp. 12, 5215–5220 (2004); http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. Bloembergen, “Solid state infrared quantum counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Physical Rev. B

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, M. Thuau, R. Moncorge, A. M. Tkachuk, “Energy-transfer processes in Yb:Tm-doped KY3F10, LiYF4, and BaY2F8 single crystals for laser operation at 1.5 and 2.3 μm,” Physical Rev. B 61, 5280–5292 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Soviet Phys. Crystallogr.

R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, B. N. Kazakov, N. I. Silkin, S. I. Yagudin, “New fluoride laser matrix,” Soviet Phys. Crystallogr. 32, 951–956 (1987).

Z. Kristallogr.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, M. Jansen, “Refinement of the crystal structure of potassium triyttrium decafluoride, KY3F10,” Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460–463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, M. Diaf, M. Thuau, “Properties of the 1.5 and 2.3 μm laser emissions of various Tm doped fluoride crystals codoped with Tb or Yb ions,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), pp. 476–480.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Conference Record of the 20th International Display Research Conference, Palm Beach, Fla., 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. Bass, K. Schafer, K. Belfield, M. Bass, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near infrared light,” presented at the Seventh International Display Workshop (IDW’00), Kobe, Japan, 29 November–1 December 2000.

A. Rapaport, F. Szipocs, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, M. A. Bass, K. J. Schafer, K. D. Belfield, “Optically written displays based on up-conversion of near-infrared light,” in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE4294, 47–55 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, F. Szipocs, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Up-conversion efficiency of potential candidates for photonic displays,” in SID’2003 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXXIV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2003), pp. 1230–1233.

A. Rapaport, J. Milliez, H. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, M. Bass, “Review of the properties of up-conversion phosphors for new emissive displays,” in SID’2004 International SymposiumDigest of Technical Papers Vol. XXXV, J. Morreale, ed. (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 2004), pp. 1237–1239.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Excitation spectrum of 0.4%Tm, 20%Yb:KY3F10 (crosses) and emission spectrum of the diode laser source used in the efficiency measurements (solid curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectrum of 0.4%Tm, 20%Yb:KY3F10 excited with a laser diode whose spectrum is shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of the emission properties of a sample of 0.4%Tm, 30%Yb:KY3F10 for several excitation conditions and powder holders. Solid curves and square symbols, an acrylic holder; dashed curves and stars, a copper holder. Block filled symbols, cw excitation; gray filled symbols, 30-Hz, 5-ms pulsed excitation; open symbols, 30-Hz, 2-ms pulsed excitation. The curves were drawn to illustrate the data variation and are not fits to any rate-equation model. (a) Relative efficiency with respect to incident power. (b) Temperature of the emitting material obtained from analysis of the emission spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Blue emission power normalized at room temperature as a function of temperature for a sample of 0.4%Tm, 30%Yb:KY3F10. The curve was drawn to indicate the data variation and is not a fit to any rate-equation model.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absolute efficiency with respect to incident power for samples of 0.4%Tm, 20%Yb:KY3F10 (squares), 0.4%Tm, 30%Yb:KY3F10 (circles), and 0.4%Tm, 40%Yb:KY3F10 (triangles).

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