Abstract

A fast radiative-transfer model for the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) was developed by use of a correlated k-distribution method. Transmittances produced by the correlated k-distribution method are systematically displaced from those produced by a line-by-line method, and empirical correction is possible. A fast radiative model that includes this empirical correction has exhibited practical performance in tests of transmittance and brightness temperature that used an independent set of atmospheric profiles.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. P. Edwards, G. L. Francis, “Improvements to the correlated-k radiative transfer method: application to satellite infrared sounding,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 18135–18156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

R. J. Wells, “Rapid approximation to the Voigt-Faddeeva function and its derivatives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 29–48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuntz, M. Hopfner, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 97–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Matricardi, R. Saunders, “Fast radiative transfer model for simulation of infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer radiances,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5679–5690 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. Sparks, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients to high numerical accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 57, 631–650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

B. A. Fomin, “Effective interpolation technique for line-by-line calculations of radiation absorption in gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 663–669 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. II. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16519–16535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. McMillin, L. J. Crone, T. J. Kleespies, “Atmospheric transmittance of an absorbing gas. 5. Improvements to the OPTRAN approach,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8936–8939 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. H. Aumann, R. J. Pegano, “Atmospheric infrared sounder on the Earth observing system,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, J. L. Moncet, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: application to water vapor,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15761–15785 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Schreier, “The Voigt and complex error function: a comparison of computational methods,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 743–762 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, “A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027–9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

B. Pinty, M. M. Verstraete, R. E. Dickinson, “A physical model of the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation canopies. 2. Inversion and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11767–11775 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. Masuda, T. Takashima, T. Takayama, “Emissivity of pure and sea waters for the modeled sea surface in the infrared window regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 313–329 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Humlicek, “Optimized computation of the Voigt and complex probability functions,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 4, 437–444 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aumann, H. H.

H. H. Aumann, R. J. Pegano, “Atmospheric infrared sounder on the Earth observing system,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chevallier, F.

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clerbaux, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S. A.

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. II. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16519–16535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, J. L. Moncet, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: application to water vapor,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15761–15785 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” submitted to J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer; see also http://www.rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html .

Collard, A.

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crone, L. J.

L. M. McMillin, L. J. Crone, T. J. Kleespies, “Atmospheric transmittance of an absorbing gas. 5. Improvements to the OPTRAN approach,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8936–8939 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, R. E.

B. Pinty, M. M. Verstraete, R. E. Dickinson, “A physical model of the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation canopies. 2. Inversion and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11767–11775 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D. P.

D. P. Edwards, G. L. Francis, “Improvements to the correlated-k radiative transfer method: application to satellite infrared sounding,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 18135–18156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.-Z.

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fomin, B. A.

B. A. Fomin, “Effective interpolation technique for line-by-line calculations of radiation absorption in gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 663–669 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Francis, G. L.

D. P. Edwards, G. L. Francis, “Improvements to the correlated-k radiative transfer method: application to satellite infrared sounding,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 18135–18156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goody, R. M.

R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung, Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1989).

Hannon, S.

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hopfner, M.

M. Kuntz, M. Hopfner, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 97–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Humlicek, J.

J. Humlicek, “Optimized computation of the Voigt and complex probability functions,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 4, 437–444 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Iacono, M. J.

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. II. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16519–16535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, J. L. Moncet, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: application to water vapor,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15761–15785 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, G.

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kleespies, T. J.

L. M. McMillin, L. J. Crone, T. J. Kleespies, “Atmospheric transmittance of an absorbing gas. 5. Improvements to the OPTRAN approach,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8936–8939 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuntz, M.

M. Kuntz, M. Hopfner, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 97–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, “A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027–9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, K.

K. Masuda, T. Takashima, T. Takayama, “Emissivity of pure and sea waters for the modeled sea surface in the infrared window regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 313–329 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Matricardi, M.

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Matricardi, R. Saunders, “Fast radiative transfer model for simulation of infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer radiances,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5679–5690 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McMillin, L. M.

L. M. McMillin, L. J. Crone, T. J. Kleespies, “Atmospheric transmittance of an absorbing gas. 5. Improvements to the OPTRAN approach,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8936–8939 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mlawer, M. J.

M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” submitted to J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer; see also http://www.rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html .

Moncet, J. L.

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, J. L. Moncet, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: application to water vapor,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15761–15785 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oinas, V.

A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, “A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027–9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pegano, R. J.

H. H. Aumann, R. J. Pegano, “Atmospheric infrared sounder on the Earth observing system,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pinty, B.

B. Pinty, M. M. Verstraete, R. E. Dickinson, “A physical model of the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation canopies. 2. Inversion and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11767–11775 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, C. D.

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saunders, R.

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Matricardi, R. Saunders, “Fast radiative transfer model for simulation of infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer radiances,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5679–5690 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schreier, F.

F. Schreier, “The Voigt and complex error function: a comparison of computational methods,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 743–762 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sherlock, V.

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, W. C.

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sparks, L.

L. Sparks, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients to high numerical accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 57, 631–650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takashima, T.

K. Masuda, T. Takashima, T. Takayama, “Emissivity of pure and sea waters for the modeled sea surface in the infrared window regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 313–329 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, T.

K. Masuda, T. Takashima, T. Takayama, “Emissivity of pure and sea waters for the modeled sea surface in the infrared window regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 313–329 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tang, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thepaut, J.-N.

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, D. C.

M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” submitted to J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer; see also http://www.rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html .

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Verstraete, M. M.

B. Pinty, M. M. Verstraete, R. E. Dickinson, “A physical model of the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation canopies. 2. Inversion and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11767–11775 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Z.

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wells, R. J.

R. J. Wells, “Rapid approximation to the Voigt-Faddeeva function and its derivatives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 29–48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yung, Y. L.

R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung, Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1989).

Zhang, Y.

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

L. M. McMillin, L. J. Crone, T. J. Kleespies, “Atmospheric transmittance of an absorbing gas. 5. Improvements to the OPTRAN approach,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8936–8939 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Matricardi, R. Saunders, “Fast radiative transfer model for simulation of infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer radiances,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5679–5690 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 2753–2774 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

V. Sherlock, A. Collard, S. Hannon, R. Saunders, “The Gastropod fast radiative transfer model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and characterization of its errors for radiance assimilation,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 42, 1732–1747 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, “A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027–9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, G. L. Francis, “Improvements to the correlated-k radiative transfer method: application to satellite infrared sounding,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 18135–18156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. II. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16519–16535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Pinty, M. M. Verstraete, R. E. Dickinson, “A physical model of the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation canopies. 2. Inversion and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11767–11775 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, J. L. Moncet, “Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: application to water vapor,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15761–15785 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. (1)

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. V. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (6)

J. Humlicek, “Optimized computation of the Voigt and complex probability functions,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 4, 437–444 (1982).
[CrossRef]

F. Schreier, “The Voigt and complex error function: a comparison of computational methods,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 743–762 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Wells, “Rapid approximation to the Voigt-Faddeeva function and its derivatives,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 62, 29–48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuntz, M. Hopfner, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 97–114 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Fomin, “Effective interpolation technique for line-by-line calculations of radiation absorption in gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 53, 663–669 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Sparks, “Efficient line-by-line calculation of absorption coefficients to high numerical accuracy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 57, 631–650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. H. Aumann, R. J. Pegano, “Atmospheric infrared sounder on the Earth observing system,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

M. Matricardi, F. Chevallier, G. Kelly, J.-N. Thepaut, “An improved general fast radiative transfer model for assimilation of radiance observations,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130, 153–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

K. Masuda, T. Takashima, T. Takayama, “Emissivity of pure and sea waters for the modeled sea surface in the infrared window regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 313–329 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Y. Zhang, “MODIS UCSB Emissivity Library,” [moderate resolution imaging spectrometer (MODIS) University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), 10November1999], retrieved 3October2003, http://www.icess.ucsb.edu/modis/EMIS/html/em.html .

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2001, third assessment rep. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001).

R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung, Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1989).

M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” submitted to J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer; see also http://www.rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html .

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Temperature and (b) water-vapor profiles used as a training data set for transmittance modeling. Thick curves in (a) indicate the temperature ranges in which the absorption coefficients of the k distribution were calculated.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of correlated k-distribution transmittance with line-by-line transmittance for channel 1865 (2181.5 cm-1) at 1013.25 hPa. The 117 points correspond to the 117 profiles in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left, monochromatic optical thickness between the top of the atmosphere and 656.4 hPa for channel 232 (715.94 cm-1) and a standard profile. Right, its variation accompanying the profile variation expressed as the ratio of optical thickness to the standard atmospheric profile. ν* is the effective wave number (Subsection 2.B).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as Fig. 3 but for channel 1865 (2181.5 cm-1) and 1013 hPa. Channel transmittances are indicated in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the products of water-vapor and ozone transmittances with total transmittances. Line-by-line transmittance between the top of the atmosphere and each pressure level for channel 1088 (1039.227 cm-1) is plotted. (a) Weak correlation between water vapor and ozone; (b) strong correlation between water vapor and ozone.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Monochromatic transmittance between the top of the atmosphere and 985.8 hPa for channel 1088. The top and bottom figures, which correspond to Figs. 5(a) and 5(b), respectively, indicate strong and weak correlations between water vapor and ozone. Thick and thin curves represent the water vapor and ozone transmittances, respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of the products of water vapor and fixed gas transmittances with the total transmittances of a line-by-line calculation. Transmittances between the top of the atmosphere and 795.1 hPa for 117 profiles are plotted.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Monochromatic optical thickness of a layer (749–795 hPa) for channel 1897 (2210.848 cm-1). Left and right sides correspond to the profiles for the upper and lower branches in Fig. 7. Two examples (upper and lower) are given for each branch. Thick and thin curves denote optical thicknesses of fixed gas and water vapor, respectively. Dashed curves indicate the total optical thickness.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Root-mean-square error of transmittances between the top of the atmosphere and the pressure levels for (a) 117 training profiles and (b) 72 independent profiles.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Error estimation of brightness temperatures for 72 profiles. (a) Root-mean-square error of the brightness temperature. (b) Ratio of root-mean-square error to instrumental noise.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Specifications of our Fast Radiative-Transfer Model

Equations (4)

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y=aqx+bq,
aq=a01-sq+a1sq,bq=b01-sq+b1sq,sq=1 q>q1; water vapor is negligible,  =0 q<q0; water vapor is dominant,  =q-q1q0-q1q1<q<q0; transition region.
Tr=Tcont×φTfix×TO3×TH2O Subsection 2.C=Tcont×φTfix×TO3×TH2O, TH2O Subsections 2.D and 2.E,
Rk=kBkTgτN,k+i=1N Ji,kτi-1,k-τi,k+1-kτN,k2i=1N Ji,kτi-1,k-τi,kτi-1,kτi,k,Ji,k=½BkTi+BkTi-1,

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