We describe a noncontact test procedure with which to obtain the shapes of fast convex surfaces. For this, an array of sources is positioned in a straight line and separated in such a way that the image by reflection on the surface consists of a set of equally spaced bright spots. By rotating the surface, we test different meridians such that, after 360°, the entire surface is measured. We present the source array design and the surface evaluation algorithm. We found that, to reduce numerical error in the evaluation of the shape of the surface, a numerical integration must be performed by a method that uses parabolic arcs instead of the traditional method that uses trapezoids. Through some numerical simulations we analyzed the accuracy of the method by introducing random displacements into the measured data. We found that to measure the quality of the surface with accuracy better than 5 μm, we have to measure the coordinates of the centroids on the image plane with an accuracy better than 0.5 pixel, and we to have measure the positions of the linear sources with an accuracy better than 0.5 mm. Experimental results for the testing of a carbon fiber convex sphere of 383.6-mm diameter (f/0.398) are shown.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
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